You can appeal a decision about your entitlement to benefits, for example Personal Independence Payment (PIP), Employment and Support Allowance (ESA) and Universal Credit.

There’s a different process if you live in Northern Ireland.

Appeals are decided by the Social Security and Child Support Tribunal. The tribunal is impartial and independent of government. The tribunal will listen to both sides before making a decision.

How to appeal

Before you can appeal to the tribunal you must ask for the decision about your benefits to be looked at again - this is called ‘mandatory reconsideration’.

Appeal to the tribunal within one month of getting your mandatory reconsideration decision. If you start your appeal after a month you’ll have to explain why you did not do it earlier. Your appeal might not be accepted.

After you submit your appeal, you can provide evidence to the tribunal. Your appeal will be decided at a tribunal hearing.

Benefit decisions you can appeal

You can appeal a decision about:

  • 30 hours free childcare scheme
  • Attendance Allowance
  • Bereavement Support Payment Scheme
  • Bereavement Benefit
  • Carer’s Allowance
  • Child Benefit Lone Parent
  • Contracted Out Employment Group
  • Compensation Recovery Unit
  • Disability Working Allowance
  • Disability Living Allowance
  • Housing Benefit
  • Employment Support Allowance
  • Health in Pregnancy Grant
  • Home Responsibilities Protection
  • Incapacity Benefit
  • Income Support
  • Industrial Death Benefit
  • Industrial Injuries Disablement Benefit
  • Job Seekers Allowance
  • Maternity Allowances
  • Pension credits
  • Personal Independence Payment
  • Retirement Pension
  • Severe Disablement Allowance
  • Social Fund
  • Tax-free childcare scheme
  • Tax Credits
  • Universal Credit

Check any letters you’ve received about your benefit if you do not know the exact name.