Student loan repayments

You should make student loan deductions if any of the following apply:

  • your new employee’s P45 shows that deductions should continue
  • your new employee tells you they’re repaying a student loan, for example on a starter checklist
  • HM Revenue and Customs (HMRC) sends you form SL1 or form PGL1 and your employee earns over the income threshold for their loan

What you need to do

If your new employee needs you to make student loan repayments, ask them which type of loan they have and record this in your payroll software. It will automatically calculate and make deductions.

If your employee has Plan 1 and 2 loans, ask them to check with the Student Loans Company which plan to use for deductions. If they cannot tell you, record Plan 1 in your payroll software until you get a student loan start notice (SL1).

Report these deductions to HMRC when you pay your employee.

Special rules

In some cases there are special rules for making student loan deductions. Examples include:

  • you’re sent a court order to collect a debt directly from your employee’s earnings
  • you change how often you pay your employee, such as from weekly to monthly
  • the employee has more than one job with you and you need to aggregate earnings

Stopping deductions

HMRC will send you form SL2 or form PGL2 if you need to stop deducting student loan repayments from your employee’s pay. Do not stop making deductions if an employee asks you to.

  1. Step 1 Check your business is ready to employ staff

  2. Step 2 Recruit someone

    You need to advertise the role and interview candidates. You can use a recruitment agency to do this or do it yourself.

    1. Find out about recruiting someone yourself on Acas
    2. Find out about using a recruitment agency

    As an employer you must make sure you recruit employees fairly.

    1. Avoid discrimination during recruitment
    2. Make your application process accessible for employees with disabilities or health conditions
  3. and Check they have the right to work in the UK

  4. and Find out if they need a DBS check

    You may need to check someone's criminal record, for example, if they'll be working in healthcare or with children.

    1. Find out if you need a DBS check
    2. How to do a DBS check
  5. Step 3 Check if they need to be put into a workplace pension

    Check if you need to put your employee into a workplace pension scheme:

  6. Step 4 Agree a contract and salary

  7. Step 5 Tell HMRC about your new employee