Trade remedies protect domestic industries from unfair practices around imports. The UK’s own independent trade policy includes a trade remedies system.
Trade remedies protect domestic industries against injury caused by unfair trade practices (imports of dumped or subsidised goods) or unforeseen surges in imports. They usually take the form of an additional duty placed on imports of specific products.
The Department for International Trade assessed which of the existing EU anti-dumping and anti-subsidy trade remedies mattered to the UK. This was done via a Call for Evidence consultation with UK industry and other interested parties, including international industry.
Trade remedies during the transition period
During the transition period the UK will still be a member of the EU Single Market and the Customs Union. Trade remedy investigations will continue to be carried out by the EU on behalf of the UK and all existing EU trade remedy measures will continue to be applied at the UK’s border.
We will continue to monitor any new trade remedy measures introduced by the EU before the UK begins operating its own independent trade policy. Where there is known UK producer interest in any new measure we will reach out to the relevant parties to assess whether the measure should be transitioned or terminated at the end of the transition period.
All anti-dumping, anti-subsidy and safeguard measures that the UK keeps will undergo a UK-wide transition review led by the Trade Remedies Investigations Directorate (TRID). Transition reviews will assess whether the current measure is appropriate for the UK market and whether it should be varied changed or terminated. For further information please read our Trade Remedies Investigations Directorate (TRID) dumping, subsidisation and safeguarding investigations guidance document and TRID’s operational guidance.
Before starting a transition review TRID will ask us to publish a Notice of Determination . We will publish Notices of Determination as and when they are required. Once we have published a Notice of Determination TRID will then issue a Notice of Initiation to formally begin the transition review of the measure.
You can view all live and completed transition reviews on the Trade Remedies Service.
For more information about TRID or to express your views about any current trade remedies, email firstname.lastname@example.org.
The UK has committed to maintaining any definitive EU safeguard measures where there is a UK interest in doing so. As with the maintained definitive anti-dumping and anti-subsidy measures, TRID will conduct a UK-wide transition review to assess whether the measure is appropriate for the UK market, and as such whether it should be varied or terminated.
DIT will provide further details on the transition of the EU’s safeguard measure on 28 steel product categories in due course.
Anti-dumping and anti-subsidy trade remedy measures
The table summarises which existing definitive EU anti-dumping or anti-subsidy trade remedy measures the UK will maintain or terminate as part of its independent trade policy. The UK will continue to impose the same trade remedy measures as the EU until the end of the transition period when we cease to apply the Common External Tariff.
If you are aware of any changes to UK production and/or market share of the products covered by any of the trade remedy measures listed below, please contact email@example.com.
Expiry reviews and the UK government transition policy
A measure marked with a ‘*’ in the below table signifies that the European Commission is currently conducting an Expiry Review on this measure. An Expiry Review determines if the measure were to expire, whether dumping and injury would probably continue or recur. An Expiry Review can result only in the repeal or continuation of the duties in force. If measures are maintained, they will normally remain in force for another five years. An Expiry Review cannot lead to a change in the level or form of the duties; these can only be changed by the European Commission as the result of an Interim Review.
Should the European Commission conclude that a measure which the UK is transitioning should be terminated (either by letting the measure lapse or via an Expiry Review), then this measure will fall away and will not be transitioned over to the UK’s independent trade remedies system.
Recent updates to measures being maintained or terminated
This table will be updated to reflect changes at the EU-level in the measures the UK will maintain or terminate. Recent updates are stated below:
- the EU merged the anti-dumping measures on Ironing Boards (AD506 and AD548)
- the EU did not renew the Bioethanol measure against the USA (AD580), meaning that it fell away from the Call for Evidence findings - the Call for Evidence concluded that this measure should be transitioned
- the EU did not renew the Manganese Dioxide measure against South Africa (AD520), meaning that it fell away from the Call for Evidence findings - the Call for Evidence concluded that this measure should be terminated
- the EU imposed an anti-dumping measure on Urea ammonium nitrate (AD649) - DIT assessed this measure, working with UK producers and sector stakeholders to do so, and determined that this measure should be terminated as it did not meet the criteria of the Call for Evidence
- the EU imposed an anti-dumping measure on Indonesian Biodiesel (AS650) - DIT assessed this measure, working with UK producers and sector stakeholders to do so, and determined that this measure should be maintained as it met criteria of the Call for Evidence
|Name of measure||Case code (AD – Anti dumping, AS – Anti subsidy)||Countries against which measures are applied||Terminate or maintain the measure once the transition period has expired?|
|Aluminium foil in large rolls||AD534||China||Terminate|
|Aluminium foil in small rolls||AD582||China||Maintain|
|Aluminium road wheels||AD541||China||Maintain|
|Bicycles||AD287||China (extended to Cambodia, India, Malaysia, Pakistan, Philippines, Sri Lanka and Tunisia)||Terminate|
|Biodiesel||AD531||USA (extended to Canada)||Maintain|
|Biodiesel||AS532||USA (extended to Canada)||Maintain|
|Cast iron articles||AD637||China||Maintain|
|Ceramic tableware / Kitchenware||AD586||China||Maintain|
|Citric acid||AD522||China (extended to Malaysia)||Terminate*|
|Coated fine paper||AD552||China||Terminate|
|Coated fine paper||AS557||China||Terminate|
|Cold rolled flat steel products||AD620||China||Maintain|
|Cold rolled flat steel products||AD620||Russia||Maintain|
|Continuous filament glass fibres||AD549||China||Maintain|
|Continuous filament glass fibres*||AS603||China||Maintain|
|Corrosion resistant steel||AD639||China||Maintain|
|Grain orientated flat-rolled products of electrical steel (GOES)||AD608||China||Maintain|
|Grain orientated flat-rolled products of electrical steel (GOES)||AD608||Japan||Maintain|
|Grain orientated flat-rolled products of electrical steel (GOES)||AD608||Korea||Maintain|
|Grain orientated flat-rolled products of electrical steel (GOES)||AD608||Russia||Maintain|
|Grain orientated flat-rolled products of electrical steel (GOES)||AD608||USA||Maintain|
|Graphite electrode systems||AD469||India||Terminate|
|Graphite electrode systems||AS470||India||Terminate|
|Hand pallet trucks and their essential parts||AD474||China (extended to Thailand and Vietnam)||Terminate|
|Heavy (quarto) plate||AD631||China||Maintain|
|High tenacity polyester yarns||AD547||China||Terminate|
|Hot-rolled flat products of iron, non-alloy or other alloy steel||AD635||Brazil||Maintain|
|Hot-rolled flat products of iron, non-alloy or other alloy steel||AD630||China||Maintain|
|Hot-rolled flat products of iron, non-alloy or other alloy steel||AS634||China||Maintain|
|Hot-rolled flat products of iron, non-alloy or other alloy steel||AD635||Iran||Maintain|
|Hot-rolled flat products of iron, non-alloy or other alloy steel||AD635||Russia||Maintain|
|Hot-rolled flat products of iron, non-alloy or other alloy steel||AD635||Ukraine||Maintain|
|Lever arch mechanisms||AD491||China||Terminate|
|Lightweight thermal paper (65gr/m2 or less)||AD629||Korea||Terminate|
|Molybdenum wires||AD540||China (extended to Malaysia)||Terminate|
|Open mesh glass fibre fabrics||AD558||China (extended to India, Indonesia, Taiwan and Thailand)||Terminate|
|Organic coated steel||AD584||China||Maintain|
|Organic coated steel||AS587||China||Maintain|
|PSC wires and strands||AD529||China||Maintain|
|Rebar (high fatigue performance steel reinforcing bars)||AD619||China||Maintain|
|Ring binder mechanisms||AD350||China (extended to Laos and Vietnam)||Terminate|
|Seamless pipes and tubes (large 406.4mm)||AD632||China||Terminate|
|Seamless pipes and tubes of iron or steel||AD533||China||Terminate|
|Seamless pipes and tubes of iron or steel||AD490||Russia||Terminate|
|Seamless pipes and tubes of iron or steel||AD490||Ukraine||Terminate|
|Seamless pipes and tubes of stainless steel||AD565||China||Terminate|
|Silicon metal||AD245||China (extended to Korea and Taiwan)||Terminate|
|Stainless steel bars and rods||AS556||India||Maintain|
|Stainless steel cold rolled flat products||AD607||China||Terminate|
|Stainless steel cold rolled flat products||AD607||Taiwan||Terminate|
|Stainless steel tubes and pipe butt wielding fittings||AD622||China||Terminate|
|Stainless steel tubes and pipe butt wielding fittings||AD622||Taiwan||Terminate|
|Steel (wire) ropes and cables||AD384||China (extended to Korea and Morocco)||Maintain|
|Threaded tube and pipe cast fittings of malleable cast iron||AD585||China||Terminate|
|Threaded tube and pipe cast fittings of malleable cast iron||AD585||Thailand||Terminate|
|Tube and pipe fittings of iron or steel||AD323||China (extended to Indonesia, Sri Lanka and Philippines)||Terminate|
|Tube and pipe fittings of iron or steel||AD442||Korea||Terminate|
|Tube and pipe fittings of iron or steel||AD442||Malaysia||Terminate|
|Tube and pipe fittings of iron or steel||AD579||Russia||Terminate|
|Tube and pipe fittings of iron or steel||AD579||Turkey||Terminate|
|Tubes and pipes of ductile cast iron||AD616||India||Terminate|
|Tubes and pipes of ductile cast iron||AS618||India||Terminate|
|Urea Ammonium Nitrate||AD649||Russia, Trinidad, Tobago, USA||Terminate|
|Welded tubes and pipes of iron or non-alloy steel||AD523||Belarus||Maintain*|
|Welded tubes and pipes of iron or non-alloy steel||AD523||China||Maintain*|
|Welded tubes and pipes of iron or non-alloy steel||AD523||Russia||Maintain*|