© Crown copyright 2017
This publication is licensed under the terms of the Open Government Licence v3.0 except where otherwise stated. To view this licence, visit nationalarchives.gov.uk/doc/open-government-licence/version/3 or write to the Information Policy Team, The National Archives, Kew, London TW9 4DU, or email: firstname.lastname@example.org.
Where we have identified any third party copyright information you will need to obtain permission from the copyright holders concerned.
This publication is available at https://www.gov.uk/government/publications/understanding-disabilities-and-impairments-user-profiles/pawel-user-with-aspergers
Websites can be so distracting. It takes me ages to do anything sometimes, as I feel like I have to read every word and click on every link.
Pawel is 24 and lives with his mum and dad in Birmingham. He has been looking for a job as a pharmacologist since finished his chemistry degree.
He has Asperger’s, a condition on the autism spectrum that affects how he sees the world and interacts with people. He was also recently diagnosed with anxiety.
He’s recently been looking at the National Autistic Society’s resources on employment. He’ll approach them for more support when he feels a bit more ready.
Devices and technology
Pawel is good with technology and can usually figure out how things work himself. He prefers to use apps because they’re simpler and less cluttered than websites.
His parents recently bought him a laptop for his birthday, which is great for playing games and looking for jobs.
He struggles with face to face communication, but likes chatting to people in gaming communities online. He gave up social media as all the comments were making him anxious.
Goals and wishes
Pawel wishes he could find what he needs on websites more easily - sometimes there’s so much to read through.
He wants to be able to talk to people using web chat instead of the phone so he has time to think about what he wants to say.
Too many distractions
Pawel gets easily distracted and wants to read everything and click every link. He wishes there wasn’t as much text or links.
Pawel gets distracted by other things as well - he finds moving content like banners or video distracting, and gets stressed out by bright colours.
Services not designed for his needs
Pawel thinks websites often assume you know more than you do.
He doesn’t like using the phone, but a lot of companies don’t let you contact them by email or live chat (or they make their details hard to find).
Making things work for Pawel
|What to do||Further reading|
|Avoid bright colours or garish combinations.||Colour in the GOV.UK Design System.|
|Allow save and return on forms and ensure ‘time outs’ on forms are reasonable.||Timeouts, guidance by 18F (the US government’s digital agency).|
|Include people with autism in user research.||User research for government services: an introduction, guidance on GOV.UK.|
|Write in plain English and break up content with things like headings and lists. Use the ‘inverted pyramid’ approach with the most important information at the top.||Structuring your content, guidance on GOV.UK.|
|Provide captions for video content.||Autistic spectrum, captions and audio description, article by Mindful Research.|
Statistics about autism
About 700,000 people in the UK are on the autistic spectrum.
Only 16% of people with autism in the UK are in full time paid employment.
40% of people with autism have an anxiety disorder - it’s 15% in the general population.