Research and analysis

Private copying and fair compensation

A study on the operation of levies on copying media and equipment in the European Union.


Private copying and fair compensation

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This report offers the first independent empirical assessment of the European levy system as a whole.

The research consolidates the evidence on levy setting, collection and distribution; reviews the scope of consumer permissions associated with levy payments; and reports the results of three product level studies (printer/scanners, portable music/video/game devices, and tablet computers), analysing the relationship between VAT, levy tariffs and retail prices in 20 levy and non-levy countries.

Author: Professor Martin Kretschmer

This report was one of two presented and discussed at the Informing Copyright Policy workshop held at the UK Big Innovation Centre on the 19 October 2011.

Published 19 October 2011