Four investigations, or studies, were carried out to address issues regularly raised on standards across subjects at A level. The scope of two of these studies also extended to GCSE level. Subject experts, with a background in assessment, were employed as reviewers to analyse assessment materials and candidate work across two or more
cognate subjects, to draw comparisons and highlight differences in demand.
The four studies focused on the following areas:
- Study 1a: Comparisons at GCSE, AS and A level using selected specifications across geography and history
- Study 1b: Comparisons at GCSE, AS and A level using selected specifications across biology, chemistry and physics and, at GCSE, science (double award)
- Study 2a: Comparisons at A level using selected specifications across biology, psychology and sociology
- Study 2b: Comparisons at A level using selected specifications across English literature, history and media studies