DHSC/ONS/GAD/HO: Direct and indirect impacts of COVID-19 on excess deaths and morbidity - December 2020 update, 17 December 2020
Update paper prepared by the Department of Health and Social Care (DHSC), Office for National Statistics (ONS), Government Actuary’s Department (GAD) and Home Office (HO).
Joint update paper on the impacts of COVID-19 on excess deaths and morbidity. It was considered at SAGE 73 on 17 December 2020.
The paper is the assessment of the evidence at the time of writing; it was first discussed at SAGE 69 on 19 November 2020, and again at SAGE 73 on 17 December 2020 following inclusion of a counterfactual. It has since been updated to note that the analysis does not explicitly account for the new variant. As new evidence or data emerges, SAGE updates its advice accordingly.
See earlier versions of this paper.
These documents are released as pre-print publications that have provided the government with rapid evidence during an emergency. These documents have not been peer-reviewed and there is no restriction on authors submitting and publishing this evidence in peer-reviewed journals.