Press release

Plans for tough new energy market manipulation penalties

New laws would give UK energy regulators new powers to prosecute people suspected of abusing the energy market.

This was published under the 2010 to 2015 Conservative and Liberal Democrat coalition government


Anyone found guilty of rigging wholesale gas and electricity prices could face up to two years in jail under proposals being put forward by Energy and Climate Change Secretary Ed Davey today.

These laws would give UK energy regulators new powers to prosecute people suspected of abusing the energy market.

Under the new laws, it would be a criminal offence to fix the price of energy at an artificial level or use insider information to buy or sell energy on the wholesale market. It would also be an offence to make misleading claims or conceal facts about wholesale energy prices to manipulate the market – especially if it could affect competition in the energy market.

The government wants to introduce these new sanctions to safeguard consumers from any unfair practices.

Ed Davey said:

“Manipulating the energy market is absolutely unacceptable, and these proposals provide a much stronger deterrent – more in line with the approach taken in the financial markets.

“The government is doing everything it can to help consumers by increasing market competition to drive prices down. We have also set up the first ever annual competition assessment, which has led to the first ever referral of the sector to the competition authorities.”

Under the current regulations, UK energy regulators can investigate and fine people found breaching the rules. Upgrading the most important rules to include criminal offences would mean people found to have broken them could also be sent to prison and a have a criminal record.

Introducing these criminal sanctions is part of the government’s reforms to the energy market to put consumers first. The government is breaking up the stranglehold of the Big Six, encouraging more competition and ensuring energy companies provide simpler tariffs. Last week the Competition and Markets Authority announced that it would carry out an investigation into competition and transparency in the retail energy market, which is crucial to rebuilding consumer trust.

Rachel Fletcher, senior partner, markets, Ofgem, said:

“Ofgem has a track record for taking strong action against companies that break the rules. And we want the strongest possible deterrents in place to guard against market manipulation and insider trading. We put forward the case to government for greater powers to take action if needed, and we welcome this consultation.”

Pending the consultation and Parliamentary process, the proposed new criminal sanctions could come into force in spring 2015.

Notes to editors

  1. The consultation Strengthening the regulation of wholesale energy markets through new criminal offences is published today. A response to the consultation is expected in autumn 2014, with the regulations due to be laid in Parliament later in the year.

  2. If introduced, the criminal sanctions would come into force across the UK, including Wales, Scotland and Northern Ireland.

  3. Ofgem has powers to enforce REMIT (the regulation on energy market integrity and transparency in Britain). REMIT is EU legislation prohibiting market manipulation and insider trading in wholesale energy markets. It aims to promote confidence among customers that wholesale prices are set fairly. At the moment Ofgem has civil powers to enforce REMIT breaches. More information is available on the Ofgem: REMIT web page

Published 6 August 2014