The Land Transport Security (LTS) team in the Department for Transport is responsible for setting policy in relation to counter-terrorist security on:
- the national rail network
- London Underground and other light rail networks
- buses and coaches
- the Channel Tunnel
- international rail services
Additionally, LTS deliver the counter terrorist security compliance programme for these sectors and also for the carriage of dangerous goods by rail and road. The objectives of the compliance programmes and the processes, principles and working practices followed by inspectors are set out in the Land Transport Security compliance policy framework.
Domestic heavy rail security
The department has responsibility for setting and enforcing railway security standards on behalf of the Secretary of State. The operators of the network are responsible for the day-to-day delivery of security. Security regulations, along with best practice guidance, are issued to train operating companies, Network Rail and others with an involvement in railway security eg freight operators.
Domestic light rail security
The department regulates the security regime on the London Underground, the Docklands Light Railway and Glasgow subway. The relevant documents detail both mandatory and best practice standards for the industry and we also undertake compliance activity on these networks. All other light rail systems are subject to recommended security best practice guidance.
Best practice guidance
The department issues best practice on a number of subjects:
designing security into stations, which is designed to help those involved in designing new or refurbishing stations implement appropriate security measures
rail cyber security – guidance to industry to support the rail industry in reducing its vulnerability to cyber attack
Buses and coaches
The department does not regulate the bus and coach sector for security, but it does issue recommended security best practice guidance. This guidance offers operators a range of options ranging from basic measures to enhancements that they can draw on at times of heightened concern.
Channel Tunnel security
The Treaty of Canterbury signed by the UK and France 1986 established the need for the defence of the Channel Fixed Link and this was incorporated into domestic legislation through the Channel Tunnel (Security) Order 1994.
Operators are responsible for the day-to-day delivery of security which includes, amongst other measures, the liability of vehicles, passengers, baggage and freight to be screened prior to travel through the Tunnel. Security in France is the responsibility of the French government, but UK and French government officials meet regularly to ensure that comparability of security arrangements is maintained.
Security in France is the responsibility of the French government, but UK and French government officials meet regularly to ensure that comparability of security arrangements is maintained.
Channel Tunnel services
Eurotunnel (the concessionaires)
Eurotunnel is responsible for the security of the Tunnel and the terminals in both the UK and France (Cheriton and Coquelles respectively). The company is also responsible for the security of 2 types of shuttle train services, one for carrying passenger vehicles and the other for lorry-borne freight. A security regime is in place for screening vehicles, whether carrying freight or passengers.
The company undertakes all statutory security activities in the UK but in France security screening is undertaken by the Douane (the French Customs authority).
Eurostar International Ltd
Eurostar is currently the only international rail passenger operator running services between London St Pancras, Ebbsfleet and Ashford to Paris and Brussels via Lille.
Eurostar is responsible for the security of the trains and the stations it operates from in the UK and ensures that passengers and their baggage are security screened prior to departure.
International rail freight
Rail borne freight is transported through the Channel Tunnel mainly by the freight operator DB Cargo.
All freight is subject to security checks on arrival at directed freight terminals - the level of those security checks will vary dependent on whether the freight is known or unknown.
Secure carriage of dangerous goods by road and rail
LTS delivers HM Government’s inspection and compliance enforcement function for the secure carriage of high consequence dangerous goods by road and rail in Great Britain. You can find out more about the requirements under security requirements for moving dangerous goods by road and rail.
Industry is responsible for the day to day delivery of security.