Independent Scientific Pandemic Insights Group on Behaviours (SPI-B)

SPI-B provides social and behavioural science advice.


SPI-B provides independent, expert, social and behavioural science advice to the Scientific Advisory Group for Emergencies (SAGE) when activated. Find out more about SAGE.

SPI-B is not currently providing advice for an emergency.


Participants include experts from different social science disciplines, depending on the nature of the emergency. Participants vary depending on the emergency.

Previous participants have included experts in psychology, sociology and anthropology. See the full list here of SPI-B participants who inputted into the Covid-19 response.

Previous advice

Covid-19 pandemic, 2020-2022

Between 2020 and 2022, SPI-B provided advice to SAGE on a range of issues related to the Covid-19 pandemic. It produced scientific papers for consideration by SAGE.

SPI-B: Terms of reference - October 2020

Swine Flu pandemic, 2009

In 2009, SAGE convened a sub-group on behavioural science called the Scientific Pandemic Influenza group on Behaviour and Communications (SPI-B&C) to advise on issues arising from the Swine Flu (H1N1) pandemic.