Trade agreements set out the rules for buying and selling goods and services between 2 or more countries. They reduce restrictions on imports and exports, which can make trading easier and cheaper when they are used.
Trade agreements in force
As an independent trading nation, the UK now has over 70 trade agreements in place.
Recent trade agreements that have come into force include:
These are the trade agreements that businesses can use soon, but that are not yet in force.
Once an agreement is reached, it is signed and then scrutinised by Parliament. Following this, the agreement can then be ratified. Only when this is complete, and any implementing legislation has been passed, can it be entered into force, which means it can be used by businesses trading with that country.
The UK signed agreements with Madagascar (4 November 2021) and Comoros (12 April 2022) under the economic partnership agreement with Eastern and Southern African countries (ESA).
'UK's approach to negotiating an enhanced free trade agreement with the Republic of Korea' added to the 'trade agreements we are negotiating' section of the page.
'Trade with Turkey: call for input' added to the collection page.
'Trade with Maldives: call for input' has been added to the consultations section of the collection page.
The trade agreements between the UK and both New Zealand and Australia have been added to the in force section.
Addition of link to UK-Ukraine Digital Trade Agreement in 'Trade agreements we are negotiating' section.
Full content redesign of page, and information updated throughout.
Updated following a content review.
Added a section for the trade agreement with the EU, with links to the agreement document (including summary explainer) and transition checker tool.
Added documents on the UK's approach to negotiating free trade agreements with Australia and New Zealand and on joining the Comprehensive and Progressive Agreement for Trans-Pacific Partnership (CPTPP).
Added the UK's approach to negotiating a free trade agreement with Japan.