Find out how the UK will respond to opportunities and challenges, what is being achieved for the UK and who we are working with.

The Ethiopian government has used its own resources and international aid to boost economic development and lift millions out of poverty over the past two decades, through significant investment in public services.

Since the early 1990s, primary school net enrolment has risen from 20% to 93%, and access to clean water from 14% to 57%. Child mortality has fallen by 67% and maternal mortality by 69%. In recent years Ethiopia’s economy has grown by about 8% per year. The government’s push to industrialise is creating new jobs for its people, and economic opportunities for countries such as the UK.

However Ethiopia remains a country with enormous development needs. It ranks 174th out of 188 countries on the Human Development Index (the internationally accepted measure of achievement in human development). Contributing factors are that Ethiopia still has high rates of chronic malnutrition (44%) and maternal mortality, and that Female Genital Mutilation/Cutting and early marriage lead to acute gender inequalities. Further support is required to help Ethiopia continue on its path towards lower-middle income status, ensuring no-one is left behind. It has delivered its remarkable development gains through a tightly controlled political system, which is increasingly being challenged by its citizens.

The UK relies on a stable Ethiopia that is supportive of our foreign policy priorities in the Horn of Africa, particularly in relation to Somalia and South Sudan. Ethiopia is the largest contributor of peacekeeping forces in the world and particularly in its neighbourhood. Ethiopia hosts the second largest refugee population in Africa (830,000 refugees) from South Sudan, Somalia, Sudan and Eritrea. It is also a transit country for Eritrean and Somali refugees migrating to Europe: 40,000-50,000 take the “central Mediterranean” route each year. Ethiopia therefore has a critical role to play in deterring irregular migration.

To find out how the UK will respond to opportunities and challenges, what is being achieved for the UK and who we are working with please read the full country profile for Ethiopia.

For detailed information on our programme and what the UK spends on development in Ethiopia, see:

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DFID Ethiopia

British Embassy
PO Box 858

Addis Ababa

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