Find out how the UK will respond to opportunities and challenges, what is being achieved for the UK and who we are working with.
The Department for International Development (DFID) closed on 2 September 2020 and merged with the Foreign and Commonwealth Office (FCO) to create the Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Office.
Information on this page may not be current or correct. Up to date Information on development work in Ethiopia is available on this page
The Ethiopian government has used its own resources and international aid to boost economic development and lift millions out of poverty over the past 2 decades, through significant investment in public services. Since the early 1990s, primary school net enrolment has risen from 20% to 93%, and access to clean water from 14% to 65%. Since 2000, under 5 mortality has fallen by 60% and maternal mortality by 53%. The proportion of the population living in poverty has reduced from 44% in 2000 to 23% in 2018.
In recent years Ethiopia’s economy has grown by about 8% per year. The government’s push to industrialise is creating new jobs for its people, and economic opportunities for countries such as the UK. However, Ethiopia remains a country with enormous development needs. Ethiopia still has high rates of chronic childhood malnutrition (38%) and maternal mortality, and Female Genital Mutilation/Cutting and early marriage lead to acute gender inequalities. Further support is required to help Ethiopia continue on its path towards lower-middle income status, ensuring no-one is left behind.
The UK relies on a stable Ethiopia that is supportive of our foreign policy priorities in the Horn of Africa, particularly in relation to Somalia and South Sudan. Ethiopia is the largest contributor of peacekeeping forces in the world and particularly in its neighbourhood. Ethiopia hosts the second largest refugee population in Africa (890,000 refugees) from South Sudan, Somalia, Sudan and Eritrea. It is also a transit country for Eritrean and Somali refugees migrating to Europe: 40,000-50,000 take the “central Mediterranean” route each year. Ethiopia therefore has a critical role to play in deterring irregular migration.
To find out how the UK will respond to opportunities and challenges, what is being achieved for the UK and who we are working with please read the full country profile for Ethiopia.
For detailed information on our programme and what the UK spends on development in Ethiopia, see:
- Development Tracker to explore international development projects funded by the UK government by country and sector
- International Development Funding finder tool for funding opportunities by country, sector and organisation type
- Research for Development Outputs for outputs from DFID funded research projects and programmes
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