Guidance

Visiting the UK after Brexit

What you'll need to do to visit the UK after the UK leaves the EU, including whether you'll need to apply for a visa.

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Get ready for Brexit on 31 October 2019. This page tells you how to prepare for Brexit. It will be updated if anything changes, including if a deal is agreed.

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What you’ll need to enter the UK

If the UK leaves the EU with a deal

If the UK leaves the EU with a deal, what you’ll need to enter the UK will not change until 2021.

Find out if you’ll need to apply for a visa to enter the UK.

If the UK leaves the EU without a deal

Irish citizens will be able to enter, work and study in the UK without a visa as they can now.

EU, EEA and Swiss citizens will be able to enter the UK as they do now after 31 October 2019.

EU, EEA and Swiss citizens will also be able to live, work and study in the UK as they do now until 31 December 2020.

In other cases, find out if you’ll need to apply for a visa to enter the UK.

Staying in the UK after 31 December 2020

EU, EEA or Swiss citizens can apply to the EU Settlement Scheme to stay in the UK after 31 December 2020 if they arrive in the UK before the UK leaves the EU.

EU, EEA or Swiss citizens can apply for European temporary leave to remain to stay in the UK after 31 December 2020 if they arrive in the UK after the UK leaves the EU. The deadline for applying will be 31 December 2020.

What you need to show at the UK border

What you need to show at the UK border will not change immediately if the UK leaves the EU without a deal.

You’ll need to show a valid passport or national identity card if you’re a citizen of either:

  • an EU country
  • Iceland, Liechtenstein, Norway or Switzerland

EEA national identity cards will be phased out for travel to the UK during 2020. More details will be provided shortly.

You can use automatic eGates at some airports if your passport has a ‘chip’ on it and you’re 12 or over. Using the eGates is usually faster.

If you’re not a citizen of one of these countries, you’ll need to show a valid passport.

You can still enter the UK using a passport which expires in less than 6 months.

Find out how to get through border checks as quickly as possible.

School travellers entering the UK

If the UK leaves the EU with a deal

Pupils from third countries who are resident in the EU, EEA and Switzerland will continue to be able to travel to the UK under the List of Travellers scheme until at least 2021.

What pupils need to show at the border will not change. Pupils with their own travel document must be included on the List of Travellers form. Pupils without their own travel document must also have photographic ID or a recent photograph attached to the List of Travellers form.

To be acceptable as a travel document, the form must also be authenticated by the responsible authority in the appropriate member state to confirm the pupil’s residence status and their right to re-entry.

If the UK leaves the EU without a deal

The List of Travellers scheme will not end immediately but may be phased out during 2020. More details will be provided shortly.

Driving in the UK

If you have a non-UK licence

Find out if you can use your licence to drive in England, Scotland, Wales or Northern Ireland.

If your vehicle is not insured in the UK

If your vehicle is insured in an EU or EEA country or in Andorra, Serbia or Switzerland, you should carry a motor insurance green card or other valid proof of insurance. Contact your vehicle insurer before you travel.

If your vehicle is insured in a country outside the EU, EEA, Andorra, Serbia or Switzerland, what you’ll need to do will depend on whether your country is a member of the green card system.

If your country is a member, you will need to carry a green card.

If your country is not a member, your vehicle will need UK vehicle insurance.

What you can bring into the UK

If the UK leaves the EU without a deal, there will be changes to:

There will not be any changes to:

Bringing your pet to and from the UK

The rules for taking pets from the UK to EU countries will change if the UK leaves the EU with no deal. Your pet may need to have a blood test to prove it has been effectively vaccinated against rabies.

Find out more about getting the blood test and what documents you need to carry when travelling with your pet.

There will not be any changes to how you bring pets:

  • to the UK from the EU
  • to or from countries that aren’t in the EU

Merchandise in baggage: importing from the EU to the UK in a no deal

If the UK leaves the EU without a deal, there will be a new process at airports, roll on roll off ports, and Eurostar terminals for traders and intermediaries to declare merchandise in baggage.

‘Merchandise in baggage’ means commercial goods intended for trade or business use, carried in a passenger’s accompanied luggage or a small motor vehicle. For example, if you buy jewellery on a trip to the EU and bring it back in your suitcase to sell in the UK.

Controls on cash: from the EU to the UK

If you’re travelling from the EU to the UK with more than £10,000 in cash you will need to make a declaration.

This is what currently happens for those travelling from non-EU countries to the UK.

You can make a declaration, and find more information about cash controls on GOV.UK. If you cannot go online you can call HMRC on 0300 200 3700 to make a verbal declaration.

Please note, cash includes notes and coins, bearer bonds, banker’s drafts and cheques.

The changes take effect from 11pm on the day the UK leaves the EU.

Using your mobile phone in the UK

You’ll pay the same for calls, texts and mobile data in the UK and the EU if both of the following apply:

  • the UK leaves the EU with a deal
  • you have a SIM card issued by a mobile phone network from an EU or EEA country

If the UK leaves the EU without a deal, or you have a SIM card issued by a mobile phone network outside the EU and EEA, how much you’ll pay will depend on your mobile network.

Published 5 March 2019
Last updated 12 September 2019 + show all updates
  1. Updated guidance on coming to the UK after Brexit if there's no deal.
  2. School travellers guidance updated.
  3. Updated to add information on school travellers entering the UK
  4. Added information about controls on cash from the EU to the UK in a no deal.
  5. Added information about 'merchandise in baggage' and importing from the EU to the UK in a no deal.
  6. Corrected information about mobile roaming so that it now covers what happens if your SIM card was issued by a mobile phone network from an EEA country.
  7. First published.