Rating Manual section 3: valuation principles

Part 7: appendix 2 - industrial uses likely to give rise to contamination

The Valuation Office Agency's (VOA) technical manual for the rating of business (non-domestic) property.

All Text Amended

Potential contaminants associated with Main industrial sectors

Sector

Contaminant

 

Type

Example

Gasworks

Coal tar

creosote

 

Phenols

phenol

 

Cyanide

free/complex

 

Sulphur

sulphide/sulphate

     

Iron + Steelworks

Metals

copper, nickel, lead

 

Acids

Sulphuric, hydrochloric

 

Mineral oils

-

  Coking works residues

(as for gasworks)

     

Metal finishing

Metals

cadium, chromium, copper, nickel, zinc

 

Acids

sulphuric, hydrochloric

 

Plating salts

cyanide

 

Aromatic hydrocarbons

benzene

 

Chlorinated hydrocarbons

1,1,1 – Trichloroethane

     

Non ferrous metal processing

Metals

copper, cadmium, lead zinc

 

Impurity metals

antimony, arsenic

 

Other wastes

battery cases, acids

     

Oil refineries

Hydrocarbons

various fractions

 

Acids, alkalies

sulphuric, caustic soda

 

Lagging, insulation

asbestos

 

Spent calalysts

lead, nickel, chromium

     

Paints

Metals

lead, cadmium, barium

 

Alcohols

toluol, xylol

 

Chlorinated hydrocarbons

Methylene Chloride

 

Fillers, extenders

silica, titanium dioxide, talc

     

Petrochemical plants

Acids, alkalies

sulphuric, caustic soda

 

Metals

copper, cadmium, mercury

 

Reactive monomers

styrene, acrylate, VCM

 

Cyanide

toluene di-isocyanate

 

Amines

analine

 

Aromatic hydrocarbons

benzene, Toluene

     

Petrol stations

Metals

Copper, cadmium, lead, nickel, zinc

 

Aromatic hydrocarbons

Benzene

 

Octane boosters

Lead, MTBE

 

Mineral oil

-

 

Chlorinated hydrocarbons

Trichloroethylene

 

Paint, plastic residues

barium, cadmium, lead

     

Rubber processing

Metals

zinc, lead

 

Sulphur compounds

sulphur, thiocarbonate

 

Reactive monomers

isoprene, isobutylene

 

Acids

sulphuric, hydrochloric

 

Aromatic hydrocarbons

xylene, Toluene

     

Semi-conductors

Metals

copper, nickel, cadmium

 

Metalloids

arsenic, antimony, zinc

 

Acids

nitric, hydrofluoric

 

Chlorinated hydrocarbons

trichloroethylene

 

Alcohols

methanol

 

Aromatic hydrocarbons

xylene, Toluene

     

Tanneries

Acids

hydrochloric

 

Metals

trivalent chromium

 

Salts

chlorides, sulphides

 

Solvents

kerosine, white spirit

 

Cyanide

methyl isocyanate

 

Degreasers

trichloroethylene

 

Dyestuff residues

cadmium, benzidine

     

Textiles

Metals

aluminium, tin, titanium, zinc

 

Acids, alkalines

sulphuric, caustic soda

 

Salts

sodium hypochlorite

 

Chlorinated hydrocarbons

Perchloroethylene

 

Aromatic hydrocarbons

phenol

 

Pesticides

dieldrin, aldrin, endrine

 

Dyestuff residues

cadmium, benzidine

     

Wood processing

Coal tar

creosote

 

Chlorinated hydrocarbons

pentachlorophenol

 

Metalloids/metals

arsenic, copper, chromium