Guidance

Benefits and pensions for EU, EEA and Swiss citizens in the UK after Brexit

This guidance explains the rights of EU, European Economic Area (EEA) and Swiss citizens to UK benefits and pensions if there’s a no-deal Brexit.

Stay up to date

The UK is leaving the EU. This page tells you how to prepare for Brexit and will be updated if anything changes.

Sign up to email alerts to get the latest information.

EU, EEA and Swiss citizens and their family members can apply to the EU Settlement Scheme to continue living in the UK after Brexit.

Irish citizens living in the UK

You, and members of your family living in the UK, will be able to claim or continue to receive the UK State Pension and benefits you are entitled to after Brexit. You will also continue to receive any Irish benefits you remain entitled to while living in the UK.

Other EU, EEA and Swiss citizens

Living in the UK before Brexit

You and your family members living in the UK by 31 October 2019 will be able to continue receiving UK benefits on the same terms as now.

Moving to the UK after Brexit

You will be able to enter the UK, as now, after Brexit.

You will be eligible to claim benefits until 31 December 2020 on the same basis as EU citizens who arrived in the UK before Brexit.

You will need to apply for European temporary leave to remain to stay after 31 December 2020. If your application is successful, you will receive a temporary immigration status that will allow you to stay in the UK for 36 months from the date it is granted. You will be eligible to claim benefits during these 36 months, on the same basis as EU citizens who arrived in the UK before Brexit.

From January 2021 you will be able to apply under the future immigration system.

Living in the EU, EEA or Switzerland after Brexit

If you live in the EU, EEA or Switzerland and get the UK State Pension or a benefit, you’ll continue to receive it as long as you meet the eligibility conditions.

UK workplace pensions

UK law allows for workplace pensions to be paid overseas. The government does not expect this to change after Brexit.

If you have any questions, contact your pension provider.

If your workplace pension is paid into a UK bank account, your bank should contact you if they need to change the way you receive your pension after Brexit.

Published 18 December 2018
Last updated 27 September 2019 + show all updates
  1. Updated the guidance on the rights of EU citizens to claim UK benefits if they arrive in the UK after Brexit.
  2. Further improvements to the explanations of the rights of EU, EEA and Swiss citizens in the UK to benefits and pensions if there’s a no-deal Brexit. There is no change to the guidance.
  3. Improved the explanations of the rights of Irish and other EU, EEA and Swiss citizens to UK benefits and pensions if there’s a no-deal Brexit. There is no change to the guidance. Added links to sign up for email updates.
  4. Updated information about claiming benefits for EU citizens wanting to move to the UK after 12 April 2019.
  5. Added information about the UK's agreement with Ireland on social security rights.
  6. Updated the question about private pensions to clarify these are private occupational pensions.
  7. Updated the answer to the question about whether EU citizens wanting to move to the UK after 29 March 2019 will be able to claim benefits.
  8. First published.