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Understanding growth in small businesses: supporting data for BIS research paper 216

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9520 - Understanding Growth in Small Businesses
Table 1
S3/S4. Number of employees - banded
Base: All Respondents
Size Sector Age of firm 2 yr employment growth 2 yr turnover growth Plan to grow Significant invest Sought external finance Exporter Innovation Recruit employees Senior mgrs Family owned
Total Oct-19 20-49 ABCDEF GHI JKLMN PQRS 0-4 years 5-10 years 11-20 years Over 20 yrs Increase Same Decrease Increase Same Decrease Yes No Yes No/DK/Ref Yes No/DK/Ref Any Significant Small None Export potential Any None Any None Yes No Yes No
Unweighted Bases 601 279 322 137 190 158 116 43 96 150 298 96 214 261 295 152 113 448 153 340 261 153 187 166 90 76 414 55 222 379 561 40 310 291 322 279
Weighted Bases 601 389 212 124 192 151 134 43 98 147 301 100 217 255 285 160 114 442 159 325 276 146 178 152 78 74 431 50 212 389 558 43 292 309 324 277
10-19 people? 389 389 0 79 132 100 79 27 66 93 197 70 141 160 175 111 77 280 109 195 194 83 112 89 42 48 291 30 130 260 355 35 166 223 218 172
65% 100% 0% 64% 69% 66% 59% 63% 68% 63% 65% 71% 65% 63% 61% 70% 67% 63% 69% 60% 70% 57% 63% 59% 53% 64% 68% 59% 61% 67% 64% 80% 57% 72% 67% 62%
20-55 people? 212 0 212 45 60 51 56 16 32 54 104 29 76 94 110 48 37 162 50 129 83 63 66 63 36 27 139 21 82 130 203 9 126 86 106 106
35% 0% 100% 36% 31% 34% 41% 37% 32% 37% 35% 29% 35% 37% 39% 30% 33% 37% 31% 40% 30% 43% 37% 41% 47% 36% 32% 41% 39% 33% 36% 20% 43% 28% 33% 38%
Base for stats 598 388 210 124 190 151 134 43 98 147 298 100 217 254 285 159 114 439 159 324 274 146 178 152 78 74 428 50 211 387 555 43 292 306 324 274
Mean 19.08 13.04 30.21 20.38 18.02 18.78 19.72 19.89 19.63 19.54 18.5 18.41 18.3 19.91 20.43 17.51 17.8 19.63 17.56 20.4 17.51 21.09 19.83 20.67 21.91 19.37 18.4 20.97 20.23 18.45 19.42 14.64 21.28 16.98 18.82 19.38
Standard error 0.4 0.17 0.48 0.96 0.67 0.73 0.96 1.63 1.09 0.85 0.53 0.93 0.62 0.66 0.62 0.73 0.79 0.49 0.69 0.59 0.53 0.88 0.78 0.84 1.15 1.23 0.46 1.51 0.73 0.48 0.43 0.96 0.63 0.47 0.56 0.59
9520 - Understanding Growth in Small Businesses
Table 2
Sector
Base: All Respondents
Size Sector Age of firm 2 yr employment growth 2 yr turnover growth Plan to grow Significant invest Sought external finance Exporter Innovation Recruit employees Senior mgrs Family owned
Total Oct-19 20-49 ABCDEF GHI JKLMN PQRS 0-4 years 5-10 years 11-20 years Over 20 yrs Increase Same Decrease Increase Same Decrease Yes No Yes No/DK/Ref Yes No/DK/Ref Any Significant Small None Export potential Any None Any None Yes No Yes No
Unweighted Bases 601 279 322 137 190 158 116 43 96 150 298 96 214 261 295 152 113 448 153 340 261 153 187 166 90 76 414 55 222 379 561 40 310 291 322 279
Weighted Bases 601 389 212 124 192 151 134 43 98 147 301 100 217 255 285 160 114 442 159 325 276 146 178 152 78 74 431 50 212 389 558 43 292 309 324 277
ABCDEF (Primary/production) 124 79 45 124 0 0 0 3 11 31 75 23 45 53 55 44 22 86 38 75 49 30 45 50 28 23 72 20 42 81 114 10 63 60 85 39
21% 20% 21% 100% 0% 0% 0% 7% 11% 21% 25% 23% 21% 21% 19% 28% 19% 19% 24% 23% 18% 21% 25% 33% 35% 30% 17% 39% 20% 21% 20% 22% 22% 20% 26% 14%
GHI (Retail, transport, food etc.) 192 132 60 0 192 0 0 17 29 44 97 20 82 77 87 48 41 136 56 114 78 53 61 41 18 23 145 16 66 126 171 21 71 121 136 56
32% 34% 28% 0% 100% 0% 0% 40% 30% 30% 32% 20% 38% 30% 31% 30% 36% 31% 35% 35% 28% 36% 34% 27% 23% 31% 34% 31% 31% 32% 31% 49% 24% 39% 42% 20%
JKLMN (Business services) 151 100 51 0 0 151 0 16 32 37 65 35 35 75 89 31 24 124 27 79 72 28 51 46 28 17 100 9 64 87 145 6 92 59 52 99
25% 26% 24% 0% 0% 100% 0% 38% 32% 25% 22% 35% 16% 29% 31% 19% 21% 28% 17% 24% 26% 19% 29% 30% 36% 23% 23% 17% 30% 22% 26% 14% 31% 19% 16% 36%
PQRS (Other services) 134 79 56 0 0 0 134 7 26 35 64 23 55 50 54 37 28 95 39 57 77 35 22 15 4 11 113 7 39 95 128 6 67 67 51 83
22% 20% 26% 0% 0% 0% 100% 15% 27% 24% 21% 23% 25% 20% 19% 23% 24% 22% 25% 18% 28% 24% 12% 10% 5% 15% 26% 13% 19% 24% 23% 15% 23% 22% 16% 30%
9520 - Understanding Growth in Small Businesses
Table 3
A1. And can I check, including you, how many other people are owners, partners or proprietors in the business?
Base: All Respondents
Size Sector Age of firm 2 yr employment growth 2 yr turnover growth Plan to grow Significant invest Sought external finance Exporter Innovation Recruit employees Senior mgrs Family owned
Total Oct-19 20-49 ABCDEF GHI JKLMN PQRS 0-4 years 5-10 years 11-20 years Over 20 yrs Increase Same Decrease Increase Same Decrease Yes No Yes No/DK/Ref Yes No/DK/Ref Any Significant Small None Export potential Any None Any None Yes No Yes No
Unweighted Bases 601 279 322 137 190 158 116 43 96 150 298 96 214 261 295 152 113 448 153 340 261 153 187 166 90 76 414 55 222 379 561 40 310 291 322 279
Weighted Bases 601 389 212 124 192 151 134 43 98 147 301 100 217 255 285 160 114 442 159 325 276 146 178 152 78 74 431 50 212 389 558 43 292 309 324 277
1 215 142 73 34 68 53 60 8 33 57 112 35 91 84 104 61 43 151 64 119 96 54 65 48 27 21 163 20 68 147 200 15 102 113 101 114
36% 36% 35% 27% 36% 35% 45% 18% 34% 39% 37% 35% 42% 33% 36% 38% 38% 34% 40% 37% 35% 37% 36% 32% 34% 29% 38% 39% 32% 38% 36% 34% 35% 37% 31% 41%
2 206 142 63 51 68 48 39 20 37 59 86 31 72 86 106 45 36 150 55 115 91 52 63 51 25 26 149 15 73 133 194 12 101 105 134 71
34% 37% 30% 41% 35% 32% 29% 48% 37% 40% 29% 31% 33% 34% 37% 28% 31% 34% 35% 35% 33% 35% 35% 33% 32% 35% 35% 29% 34% 34% 35% 27% 35% 34% 41% 26%
03-May 133 78 55 36 47 35 15 10 19 29 74 28 39 63 60 41 25 104 29 74 60 31 42 43 22 20 87 11 54 79 118 16 64 69 80 53
22% 20% 26% 29% 25% 23% 11% 23% 19% 19% 25% 28% 18% 25% 21% 26% 22% 24% 18% 23% 22% 21% 24% 28% 29% 28% 20% 22% 26% 20% 21% 36% 22% 22% 25% 19%
6+ 38 22 16 2 7 11 18 3 7 2 24 5 14 19 13 12 9 28 10 15 23 7 7 9 3 6 27 4 13 25 38 1 21 17 8 31
6% 6% 7% 2% 4% 7% 13% 7% 7% 1% 8% 5% 6% 7% 4% 8% 8% 6% 6% 5% 8% 5% 4% 6% 3% 9% 6% 8% 6% 6% 7% 1% 7% 6% 2% 11%
Don't Know 9 4 4 1 1 4 2 2 2 1 4 1 1 4 3 0 1 8 1 3 6 2 1 1 1 0 4 1 3 6 8 1 4 4 1 8
1% 1% 2% 1% 1% 3% 2% 4% 2% 1% 1% 1% *% 2% 1% 0% 1% 2% *% 1% 2% 1% *% 1% 1% 0% 1% 2% 1% 1% 1% 1% 1% 1% *% 3%
9520 - Understanding Growth in Small Businesses
Table 4
A2/A2a. Years trading - banded
Base: All Respondents
Size Sector Age of firm 2 yr employment growth 2 yr turnover growth Plan to grow Significant invest Sought external finance Exporter Innovation Recruit employees Senior mgrs Family owned
Total Oct-19 20-49 ABCDEF GHI JKLMN PQRS 0-4 years 5-10 years 11-20 years Over 20 yrs Increase Same Decrease Increase Same Decrease Yes No Yes No/DK/Ref Yes No/DK/Ref Any Significant Small None Export potential Any None Any None Yes No Yes No
Unweighted Bases 601 279 322 137 190 158 116 43 96 150 298 96 214 261 295 152 113 448 153 340 261 153 187 166 90 76 414 55 222 379 561 40 310 291 322 279
Weighted Bases 601 389 212 124 192 151 134 43 98 147 301 100 217 255 285 160 114 442 159 325 276 146 178 152 78 74 431 50 212 389 558 43 292 309 324 277
Less than one year 4 3 1 0 0 3 2 4 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 4 0 4 0 4 1 0 0 0 4 0 1 4 4 0 2 2 2 3
1% 1% 1% 0% 0% 2% 1% 10% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 1% 0% 1% 0% 3% *% 0% 0% 0% 1% 0% *% 1% 1% 0% 1% 1% *% 1%
1 - 2 years 16 9 7 1 10 2 3 16 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 13 4 11 5 2 10 4 4 1 11 1 8 9 16 1 6 11 9 8
3% 2% 3% 1% 5% 1% 2% 39% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 3% 2% 4% 2% 1% 6% 3% 5% 1% 3% 3% 4% 2% 3% 1% 2% 3% 3% 3%
3 - 4 years 22 14 8 2 7 11 2 22 0 0 0 4 5 13 14 4 3 21 1 15 7 5 10 6 3 2 16 2 13 9 20 2 13 9 9 13
4% 4% 4% 1% 4% 7% 1% 51% 0% 0% 0% 4% 2% 5% 5% 2% 3% 5% 1% 5% 3% 3% 6% 4% 4% 3% 4% 5% 6% 2% 4% 4% 4% 3% 3% 5%
5 – 10 years 99 66 32 11 30 32 26 0 98 0 1 10 34 54 65 18 13 83 15 57 41 23 34 27 15 12 65 10 37 61 93 5 51 48 53 46
16% 17% 15% 9% 16% 21% 19% 0% 100% 0% *% 10% 15% 21% 23% 11% 12% 19% 10% 18% 15% 16% 19% 18% 20% 16% 15% 19% 18% 16% 17% 13% 17% 15% 16% 16%
11 – 20 years 147 93 54 31 44 37 35 0 0 147 0 32 48 67 81 37 29 112 35 81 66 47 34 33 22 11 109 10 58 89 135 12 70 77 74 73
24% 24% 25% 25% 23% 25% 26% 0% 0% 100% 0% 32% 22% 26% 28% 23% 25% 25% 22% 25% 24% 32% 19% 22% 28% 15% 25% 20% 28% 23% 24% 27% 24% 25% 23% 26%
More than 20 years 311 202 109 78 100 66 67 0 0 0 300 54 131 121 125 101 69 207 104 156 155 66 90 82 33 48 224 27 95 216 287 24 150 161 177 134
52% 52% 51% 63% 52% 44% 50% 0% 0% 0% 100% 54% 60% 47% 44% 63% 61% 47% 65% 48% 56% 45% 51% 54% 43% 65% 52% 54% 45% 55% 51% 55% 51% 52% 55% 48%
Don’t know / refused 2 1 1 1 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 2 0 1 1 1 0 0 0 0 2 0 0 2 2 0 1 1 1 1
*% *% *% 1% 1% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% *% 0% *% *% *% 0% 0% 0% 0% *% 0% 0% *% *% 0% *% *% *% *%
Base for stats 588 383 205 120 186 150 131 43 98 147 300 100 210 250 279 155 113 430 157 321 267 144 176 149 78 71 421 48 207 380 544 43 286 302 318 269
Mean 28.02 27.5 28.97 31.05 30.55 24.14 26.1 2.39 7.66 15.75 44.32 31.54 31.39 25.5 24.38 30.8 36.18 25.15 35.85 26.48 29.86 28.27 25.01 24.41 21.47 27.66 29.8 26.9 24.72 29.81 27.72 31.76 26.81 29.16 27.84 28.23
Standard error 1.07 1.44 1.67 1.9 2.21 1.97 2.28 0.21 0.18 0.28 1.58 2.66 1.85 1.52 1.39 2.05 2.79 1.14 2.43 1.41 1.64 2.35 1.7 1.42 1.77 2.24 1.41 3.29 1.51 1.44 1.11 4.08 1.36 1.66 1.34 1.72
9520 - Understanding Growth in Small Businesses
Table 5
A3. Number of employees 2 years ago - banded
Base: Where trading for at least 3 years
Size Sector Age of firm 2 yr employment growth 2 yr turnover growth Plan to grow Significant invest Sought external finance Exporter Innovation Recruit employees Senior mgrs Family owned
Total Oct-19 20-49 ABCDEF GHI JKLMN PQRS 0-4 years 5-10 years 11-20 years Over 20 yrs Increase Same Decrease Increase Same Decrease Yes No Yes No/DK/Ref Yes No/DK/Ref Any Significant Small None Export potential Any None Any None Yes No Yes No
Unweighted Bases 578 269 309 134 180 153 111 22 96 150 298 96 214 261 295 152 113 428 150 323 255 147 176 161 86 75 397 54 214 364 539 39 301 277 311 267
Weighted Bases 578 375 203 122 181 146 130 22 98 147 301 100 217 255 285 160 114 423 156 308 270 140 168 148 74 74 413 49 203 375 536 43 284 294 313 265
Zero 2 2 0 1 1 0 0 1 0 0 1 0 0 2 1 1 0 1 1 1 1 1 0 0 0 0 2 1 2 0 2 0 2 0 1 1
*% 1% 0% 1% 1% 0% 0% 6% 0% 0% *% 0% 0% 1% *% 1% 0% *% 1% *% *% 1% 0% 0% 0% 0% 1% 2% 1% 0% *% 0% 1% 0% *% *%
01-Apr 8 7 1 1 1 5 0 4 4 0 0 0 0 8 7 0 1 7 1 5 3 0 5 2 2 0 6 1 5 3 8 0 4 4 3 4
1% 2% *% 1% 1% 4% 0% 17% 4% 0% 0% 0% 0% 3% 3% 0% *% 2% *% 2% 1% 0% 3% 1% 2% 0% 2% 1% 2% 1% 1% 0% 1% 1% 1% 2%
05-Sep 77 75 2 10 28 21 19 4 21 16 34 0 0 77 43 23 8 58 19 45 32 23 23 23 9 15 51 5 28 49 71 6 41 36 36 41
13% 20% 1% 8% 15% 15% 14% 18% 21% 11% 11% 0% 0% 30% 15% 15% 7% 14% 12% 15% 12% 16% 13% 16% 12% 20% 12% 10% 14% 13% 13% 15% 15% 12% 11% 16%
Oct-19 273 250 23 62 86 65 61 6 45 74 145 35 140 99 138 81 50 197 77 129 145 60 69 57 29 28 210 20 92 182 249 24 116 157 163 111
47% 67% 11% 51% 47% 45% 47% 28% 46% 50% 48% 35% 64% 39% 48% 51% 44% 46% 49% 42% 54% 43% 41% 38% 39% 38% 51% 41% 45% 48% 47% 57% 41% 53% 52% 42%
20-49 188 29 158 41 55 48 43 5 24 52 103 52 71 64 88 50 47 136 52 113 75 52 61 59 31 28 125 18 67 121 176 12 107 81 97 91
32% 8% 78% 34% 31% 33% 33% 24% 24% 36% 34% 52% 33% 25% 31% 32% 41% 32% 33% 37% 28% 37% 36% 40% 42% 38% 30% 37% 33% 32% 33% 27% 38% 28% 31% 34%
50-249 6 0 6 2 1 2 0 0 1 1 4 6 0 0 2 1 3 5 1 4 2 2 2 3 2 1 3 1 3 3 6 0 4 2 3 3
1% 0% 3% 2% 1% 1% 0% 0% 1% *% 1% 6% 0% 0% 1% *% 3% 1% *% 1% 1% 1% 1% 2% 3% 2% 1% 1% 1% 1% 1% 0% 1% 1% 1% 1%
Don't know 23 11 13 4 9 4 7 2 3 4 13 7 7 5 5 3 6 18 6 11 13 2 8 4 2 2 16 3 7 17 23 1 10 14 9 14
4% 3% 6% 3% 5% 3% 6% 7% 3% 3% 4% 7% 3% 2% 2% 2% 5% 4% 4% 3% 5% 2% 5% 3% 2% 3% 4% 7% 3% 4% 4% 1% 3% 5% 3% 5%
Base for stats 555 365 190 118 172 142 122 20 95 143 287 93 211 250 280 156 109 405 150 298 257 138 159 144 72 71 397 46 197 358 513 42 274 281 303 251
Mean 17.75 12.38 28.03 18.66 16.92 17.96 17.78 12.75 16.09 18.47 18.26 24.97 18.1 14.73 17.49 16.89 20.06 17.96 17.18 18.63 16.73 18.71 18.56 19.74 20.37 19.11 17.08 18.49 18.05 17.58 17.98 14.97 19.24 16.29 17.73 17.77
Standard error 0.46 0.3 0.69 0.94 0.72 1.1 0.94 2.05 1.22 0.83 0.65 1.59 0.63 0.56 0.69 0.75 1.07 0.57 0.74 0.64 0.66 0.88 0.91 1.11 1.51 1.65 0.48 1.51 0.82 0.55 0.49 1.18 0.74 0.53 0.6 0.72
9520 - Understanding Growth in Small Businesses
Table 6
A3a. Whether more or less employees than 2 years ago
Base: Where trading for at least 3 years
Size Sector Age of firm 2 yr employment growth 2 yr turnover growth Plan to grow Significant invest Sought external finance Exporter Innovation Recruit employees Senior mgrs Family owned
Total Oct-19 20-49 ABCDEF GHI JKLMN PQRS 0-4 years 5-10 years 11-20 years Over 20 yrs Increase Same Decrease Increase Same Decrease Yes No Yes No/DK/Ref Yes No/DK/Ref Any Significant Small None Export potential Any None Any None Yes No Yes No
Unweighted Bases 578 269 309 134 180 153 111 22 96 150 298 96 214 261 295 152 113 428 150 323 255 147 176 161 86 75 397 54 214 364 539 39 301 277 311 267
Weighted Bases 578 375 203 122 181 146 130 22 98 147 301 100 217 255 285 160 114 423 156 308 270 140 168 148 74 74 413 49 203 375 536 43 284 294 313 265
More than now 100 70 29 23 20 35 23 4 10 32 54 100 0 0 26 25 45 69 31 52 48 20 32 28 15 12 70 9 34 66 89 11 49 51 49 51
17% 19% 14% 19% 11% 24% 18% 17% 10% 22% 18% 100% 0% 0% 9% 16% 40% 16% 20% 17% 18% 14% 19% 19% 20% 17% 17% 19% 17% 17% 17% 26% 17% 17% 16% 19%
Less than now 255 160 94 53 77 75 50 13 54 67 116 0 0 255 175 55 18 208 47 158 97 79 80 73 38 35 173 28 107 147 245 10 150 105 132 123
44% 43% 47% 43% 42% 51% 39% 60% 55% 45% 39% 0% 0% 100% 61% 34% 16% 49% 30% 51% 36% 56% 47% 49% 52% 47% 42% 57% 53% 39% 46% 23% 53% 36% 42% 46%
About the same as now 217 141 76 45 82 35 55 5 33 48 125 0 217 0 83 79 50 143 74 93 124 41 53 46 20 27 165 12 61 156 196 21 83 134 130 87
38% 38% 38% 37% 45% 24% 42% 23% 34% 33% 42% 0% 100% 0% 29% 50% 43% 34% 48% 30% 46% 29% 31% 31% 26% 36% 40% 24% 30% 42% 37% 50% 29% 46% 42% 33%
Don't know 7 4 3 1 3 1 2 0 1 0 5 0 0 0 1 1 1 3 4 5 2 1 4 1 1 0 5 0 1 6 6 1 2 4 2 5
1% 1% 1% 1% 1% 1% 1% 0% 1% 0% 2% 0% 0% 0% *% 1% 1% 1% 2% 2% 1% 1% 2% 1% 2% 0% 1% 0% *% 2% 1% 1% 1% 2% 1% 2%
9520 - Understanding Growth in Small Businesses
Table 7
A4. Number of employees 5 years ago - banded
Base: Where trading for at least 5 years
Size Sector Age of firm 2 yr employment growth 2 yr turnover growth Plan to grow Significant invest Sought external finance Exporter Innovation Recruit employees Senior mgrs Family owned
Total Oct-19 20-49 ABCDEF GHI JKLMN PQRS 5-10 years 11-20 years Over 20 yrs Increase Same Decrease Increase Same Decrease Yes No Yes No/DK/Ref Yes No/DK/Ref Any Significant Small None Export potential Any None Any None Yes No Yes No
Unweighted Bases 556 259 297 132 173 142 109 96 150 298 93 208 248 281 149 109 408 148 308 248 142 166 156 84 72 381 51 200 356 519 37 288 268 302 254
Weighted Bases 556 361 195 120 174 135 128 98 147 301 96 212 242 271 156 111 402 154 294 263 136 158 142 71 71 397 47 191 366 515 41 271 285 304 253
Zero 1 1 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 1 0 1 0 0 1 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 1 1 1 0 1 0 1 0 0 1
*% *% 0% 1% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% *% 0% 0% 1% 0% 1% 0% 0% 1% 0% *% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% *% 3% 1% 0% *% 0% *% 0% 0% *%
01-Apr 22 19 3 2 4 9 6 16 5 2 0 0 22 19 0 3 19 3 12 9 4 9 10 7 3 12 1 9 12 22 0 13 9 7 15
4% 5% 1% 2% 2% 7% 5% 16% 3% 1% 0% 0% 9% 7% 0% 3% 5% 2% 4% 4% 3% 5% 7% 9% 4% 3% 3% 5% 3% 4% 0% 5% 3% 2% 6%
05-Sep 101 99 2 13 37 31 21 25 24 50 7 23 71 56 35 7 77 24 63 38 32 31 28 11 18 71 8 39 63 94 8 46 56 57 44
18% 27% 1% 11% 21% 23% 16% 25% 16% 17% 8% 11% 29% 21% 22% 7% 19% 16% 21% 15% 23% 20% 20% 15% 25% 18% 17% 20% 17% 18% 19% 17% 20% 19% 18%
Oct-19 217 183 34 52 68 46 51 33 63 120 35 108 75 102 65 45 149 68 101 115 50 51 46 24 22 164 17 75 142 191 26 98 119 128 89
39% 51% 17% 44% 39% 34% 40% 34% 43% 40% 36% 51% 31% 38% 41% 41% 37% 44% 35% 44% 37% 32% 32% 34% 31% 41% 36% 39% 39% 37% 62% 36% 42% 42% 35%
20-49 155 33 122 34 49 40 32 16 39 97 46 61 48 64 42 48 107 48 87 68 37 51 44 21 23 108 14 48 107 148 6 83 72 87 67
28% 9% 62% 28% 28% 29% 25% 16% 27% 32% 47% 29% 20% 23% 27% 43% 27% 31% 30% 26% 27% 32% 31% 30% 32% 27% 30% 25% 29% 29% 16% 31% 25% 29% 27%
50-249 5 1 4 3 0 1 2 1 0 3 2 2 1 2 2 1 4 1 3 3 1 1 3 1 2 2 1 3 3 4 1 4 1 1 4
1% *% 2% 3% 0% *% 1% 1% 0% 1% 2% 1% 1% 1% 1% 1% 1% 1% 1% 1% 1% 1% 2% 2% 2% 1% 3% 1% 1% 1% 2% 1% *% *% 2%
Don't know 55 24 31 14 16 10 16 8 17 27 7 18 24 29 11 7 46 9 27 28 12 15 11 7 4 38 4 17 39 55 1 27 28 24 31
10% 7% 16% 12% 9% 7% 12% 8% 11% 9% 7% 9% 10% 11% 7% 6% 11% 6% 9% 11% 9% 9% 8% 10% 6% 10% 9% 9% 11% 11% 1% 10% 10% 8% 12%
Base for stats 501 337 164 106 158 125 112 90 130 274 89 194 218 243 145 104 356 145 267 235 123 143 131 64 67 359 43 174 327 461 40 244 257 280 222
Mean 16.92 12.52 25.93 20.18 15.63 16.22 16.44 12.51 16.22 17.96 23.2 18.19 13.21 15.38 17.63 20.06 16.57 17.77 16.71 17.16 16.45 16.94 18.68 17 20.3 16.3 21.01 16.17 17.32 17.01 15.9 17.64 16.24 16.7 17.19
Standard error 0.61 0.76 0.78 1.92 0.73 1.06 1.21 1.2 0.88 0.67 1.43 1.15 0.68 0.71 1.58 1.02 0.62 1.49 0.66 1.09 0.94 0.93 1.7 1.42 3.14 0.56 4.37 0.85 0.82 0.64 2.07 0.79 0.94 0.62 1.14
9520 - Understanding Growth in Small Businesses
Table 8
A4a. Whether more or less employees than 5 years ago
Base: Where trading for at least 5 years
Size Sector Age of firm 2 yr employment growth 2 yr turnover growth Plan to grow Significant invest Sought external finance Exporter Innovation Recruit employees Senior mgrs Family owned
Total Oct-19 20-49 ABCDEF GHI JKLMN PQRS 5-10 years 11-20 years Over 20 yrs Increase Same Decrease Increase Same Decrease Yes No Yes No/DK/Ref Yes No/DK/Ref Any Significant Small None Export potential Any None Any None Yes No Yes No
Unweighted Bases 556 259 297 132 173 142 109 96 150 298 93 208 248 281 149 109 408 148 308 248 142 166 156 84 72 381 51 200 356 519 37 288 268 302 254
Weighted Bases 556 361 195 120 174 135 128 98 147 301 96 212 242 271 156 111 402 154 294 263 136 158 142 71 71 397 47 191 366 515 41 271 285 304 253
More than now 117 83 34 31 30 34 22 9 29 78 71 33 13 31 32 52 81 37 58 59 23 35 34 16 18 81 11 32 86 102 15 57 61 60 57
21% 23% 17% 26% 17% 25% 17% 9% 20% 26% 73% 16% 5% 11% 20% 47% 20% 24% 20% 22% 17% 22% 24% 23% 25% 20% 24% 17% 23% 20% 37% 21% 21% 20% 23%
Less than now 307 195 112 62 93 80 71 69 93 139 21 68 218 189 81 29 239 68 186 121 90 96 86 44 43 211 29 125 181 297 10 164 143 167 140
55% 54% 57% 52% 54% 60% 55% 71% 63% 46% 22% 32% 90% 70% 52% 26% 59% 44% 63% 46% 67% 61% 61% 61% 60% 53% 62% 66% 50% 58% 25% 60% 50% 55% 55%
About the same as now 124 79 45 24 47 19 33 19 25 77 4 108 10 49 42 29 78 46 45 78 22 24 20 10 10 99 5 30 93 109 15 46 77 73 51
22% 22% 23% 20% 27% 14% 26% 19% 17% 26% 4% 51% 4% 18% 27% 26% 19% 30% 15% 30% 16% 15% 14% 14% 14% 25% 11% 16% 26% 21% 37% 17% 27% 24% 20%
Don't know 9 4 5 2 4 1 2 1 0 7 0 3 1 3 2 1 5 3 4 5 1 3 2 1 1 6 2 3 5 8 1 4 4 3 5
2% 1% 2% 2% 2% 1% 1% 1% 0% 2% 0% 1% 1% 1% 1% 1% 1% 2% 1% 2% *% 2% 1% 2% 1% 1% 3% 2% 1% 2% 1% 2% 1% 1% 2%
9520 - Understanding Growth in Small Businesses
Table 9
A7. Did you start up this business yourself, inherit or buy it?
Base: All Respondents
Size Sector Age of firm 2 yr employment growth 2 yr turnover growth Plan to grow Significant invest Sought external finance Exporter Innovation Recruit employees Senior mgrs Family owned
Total Oct-19 20-49 ABCDEF GHI JKLMN PQRS 0-4 years 5-10 years 11-20 years Over 20 yrs Increase Same Decrease Increase Same Decrease Yes No Yes No/DK/Ref Yes No/DK/Ref Any Significant Small None Export potential Any None Any None Yes No Yes No
Unweighted Bases 601 279 322 137 190 158 116 43 96 150 298 96 214 261 295 152 113 448 153 340 261 153 187 166 90 76 414 55 222 379 561 40 310 291 322 279
Weighted Bases 601 389 212 124 192 151 134 43 98 147 301 100 217 255 285 160 114 442 159 325 276 146 178 152 78 74 431 50 212 389 558 43 292 309 324 277
Started business myself / with others 269 182 87 63 68 81 57 20 45 89 110 42 87 127 137 71 44 200 70 157 113 68 88 76 40 35 186 24 101 168 254 15 130 140 144 125
45% 47% 41% 51% 35% 54% 42% 46% 46% 61% 37% 42% 40% 50% 48% 45% 39% 45% 44% 48% 41% 47% 49% 50% 52% 48% 43% 48% 48% 43% 46% 35% 44% 45% 45% 45%
Inherited business / started by family 72 47 25 20 32 5 15 3 7 6 56 11 33 25 31 27 11 38 33 40 31 20 21 14 4 9 57 4 20 52 62 10 32 39 52 20
12% 12% 12% 16% 17% 4% 11% 6% 7% 4% 19% 11% 15% 10% 11% 17% 10% 9% 21% 12% 11% 13% 12% 9% 6% 12% 13% 7% 9% 13% 11% 22% 11% 13% 16% 7%
Bought business 140 96 45 29 58 27 27 9 31 31 64 22 63 48 63 35 31 105 36 74 67 32 42 32 16 16 107 10 43 97 130 11 66 74 82 58
23% 25% 21% 23% 30% 18% 20% 22% 31% 21% 21% 22% 29% 19% 22% 22% 27% 24% 22% 23% 24% 22% 23% 21% 21% 22% 25% 20% 21% 25% 23% 25% 23% 24% 25% 21%
None of the above 120 65 55 12 34 37 36 11 16 20 71 25 35 55 54 26 27 99 21 54 66 26 28 31 17 13 79 12 47 73 112 8 65 55 45 74
20% 17% 26% 10% 18% 25% 27% 26% 16% 13% 23% 25% 16% 22% 19% 16% 24% 22% 13% 17% 24% 18% 16% 20% 22% 18% 18% 24% 22% 19% 20% 18% 22% 18% 14% 27%
9520 - Understanding Growth in Small Businesses
Table 10
A9. Do you regularly use agency or temporary staff?
Base: All Respondents
Size Sector Age of firm 2 yr employment growth 2 yr turnover growth Plan to grow Significant invest Sought external finance Exporter Innovation Recruit employees Senior mgrs Family owned
Total Oct-19 20-49 ABCDEF GHI JKLMN PQRS 0-4 years 5-10 years 11-20 years Over 20 yrs Increase Same Decrease Increase Same Decrease Yes No Yes No/DK/Ref Yes No/DK/Ref Any Significant Small None Export potential Any None Any None Yes No Yes No
Unweighted Bases 601 279 322 137 190 158 116 43 96 150 298 96 214 261 295 152 113 448 153 340 261 153 187 166 90 76 414 55 222 379 561 40 310 291 322 279
Weighted Bases 601 389 212 124 192 151 134 43 98 147 301 100 217 255 285 160 114 442 159 325 276 146 178 152 78 74 431 50 212 389 558 43 292 309 324 277
Yes 105 61 44 25 28 34 18 12 20 22 49 14 35 51 54 28 18 88 17 61 44 23 38 38 19 19 60 11 49 56 102 3 67 38 51 54
17% 16% 21% 20% 14% 23% 13% 28% 21% 15% 16% 14% 16% 20% 19% 17% 15% 20% 11% 19% 16% 16% 21% 25% 24% 25% 14% 22% 23% 14% 18% 7% 23% 12% 16% 19%
No 495 329 167 98 164 116 116 31 77 125 252 86 182 204 231 132 97 354 142 264 232 123 140 114 59 55 370 39 162 333 456 40 226 270 272 223
82% 84% 79% 80% 86% 77% 87% 72% 79% 85% 84% 86% 84% 80% 81% 83% 85% 80% 89% 81% 84% 84% 79% 75% 76% 75% 86% 78% 77% 86% 82% 92% 77% 87% 84% 80%
Don't know 1 0 1 0 0 1 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 1 0 1 0 1
*% 0% *% 0% 0% *% 0% 0% 1% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% *% 0% *% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% *% 0% 1% 0% *% 0% *%
9520 - Understanding Growth in Small Businesses
Table 11
A10. Can you please tell me the approximate turnover of your business in the past 12 months?
Base: All Respondents
Size Sector Age of firm 2 yr employment growth 2 yr turnover growth Plan to grow Significant invest Sought external finance Exporter Innovation Recruit employees Senior mgrs Family owned
Total Oct-19 20-49 ABCDEF GHI JKLMN PQRS 0-4 years 5-10 years 11-20 years Over 20 yrs Increase Same Decrease Increase Same Decrease Yes No Yes No/DK/Ref Yes No/DK/Ref Any Significant Small None Export potential Any None Any None Yes No Yes No
Unweighted Bases 601 279 322 137 190 158 116 43 96 150 298 96 214 261 295 152 113 448 153 340 261 153 187 166 90 76 414 55 222 379 561 40 310 291 322 279
Weighted Bases 601 389 212 124 192 151 134 43 98 147 301 100 217 255 285 160 114 442 159 325 276 146 178 152 78 74 431 50 212 389 558 43 292 309 324 277
Less than £25,000 7 4 3 3 0 1 3 2 0 2 4 0 6 1 1 5 1 3 4 4 3 3 1 1 1 0 6 0 2 5 6 2 3 5 3 4
1% 1% 2% 2% 0% 1% 2% 4% 0% 1% 1% 0% 3% *% *% 3% *% 1% 3% 1% 1% 2% 1% 1% 2% 0% 1% 0% 1% 1% 1% 4% 1% 2% 1% 2%
£50,000 to £72,999 6 6 0 0 1 3 2 2 2 0 3 0 1 3 4 0 0 3 3 0 6 0 0 1 1 0 5 0 2 4 5 1 2 4 0 6
1% 2% 0% 0% 1% 2% 1% 4% 2% 0% 1% 0% 1% 1% 2% 0% 0% 1% 2% 0% 2% 0% 0% 1% 2% 0% 1% 0% 1% 1% 1% 3% 1% 1% 0% 2%
£73,000 to £76,999 2 2 0 0 0 0 2 0 0 2 0 0 2 0 0 2 0 2 0 0 2 0 0 0 0 0 2 0 0 2 0 2 0 2 0 2
*% *% 0% 0% 0% 0% 1% 0% 0% 1% 0% 0% 1% 0% 0% 1% 0% *% 0% 0% 1% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% *% 0% 0% *% 0% 4% 0% 1% 0% 1%
£77,000 to £99,999 2 2 0 0 0 2 0 0 0 0 2 2 0 0 0 2 0 0 2 0 2 0 0 0 0 0 2 0 0 2 2 0 2 0 2 0
*% *% 0% 0% 0% 1% 0% 0% 0% 0% 1% 2% 0% 0% 0% 1% 0% 0% 1% 0% 1% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% *% 0% 0% *% *% 0% 1% 0% *% 0%
£100,000 to £249,999 25 21 4 0 7 3 15 1 8 6 10 3 10 12 17 3 6 14 11 11 15 7 3 3 0 3 22 0 11 14 23 3 10 15 13 12
4% 5% 2% 0% 4% 2% 11% 1% 8% 4% 3% 3% 5% 5% 6% 2% 5% 3% 7% 3% 5% 5% 2% 2% 0% 4% 5% 0% 5% 4% 4% 6% 3% 5% 4% 4%
£250,000 to £499,999 57 41 16 7 18 11 21 1 10 19 26 12 23 21 27 12 16 38 19 29 28 15 14 5 2 3 52 0 18 39 56 1 26 31 32 25
9% 11% 7% 6% 9% 7% 16% 3% 10% 13% 9% 12% 11% 8% 9% 8% 14% 9% 12% 9% 10% 10% 8% 3% 3% 4% 12% 0% 8% 10% 10% 2% 9% 10% 10% 9%
£500,000 to £999,999 105 86 19 23 33 31 18 10 15 31 47 13 46 40 51 29 18 84 21 61 44 34 26 18 7 11 86 8 40 65 100 5 43 62 61 43
17% 22% 9% 19% 17% 20% 13% 23% 16% 21% 16% 13% 21% 16% 18% 18% 15% 19% 13% 19% 16% 23% 15% 12% 9% 15% 20% 16% 19% 17% 18% 11% 15% 20% 19% 16%
£1m to £1.49m 96 70 25 24 28 27 17 9 21 16 47 12 28 53 43 33 17 74 22 56 39 24 32 24 12 12 69 9 30 65 86 9 48 48 48 47
16% 18% 12% 19% 15% 18% 13% 21% 22% 11% 16% 12% 13% 21% 15% 21% 15% 17% 14% 17% 14% 17% 18% 16% 15% 16% 16% 19% 14% 17% 16% 21% 16% 15% 15% 17%
£1.5m to £2.8m 86 44 41 26 27 24 8 5 13 25 42 15 24 44 48 17 20 64 21 55 31 17 37 35 16 19 51 14 37 49 82 4 49 37 48 37
14% 11% 20% 21% 14% 16% 6% 12% 13% 17% 14% 15% 11% 17% 17% 10% 17% 15% 13% 17% 11% 12% 21% 23% 21% 25% 12% 28% 17% 12% 15% 9% 17% 12% 15% 13%
£2.81m to £4.99m 43 16 27 13 19 8 2 2 4 6 30 9 8 22 21 14 6 31 12 31 11 16 15 21 10 11 21 8 22 21 41 2 24 19 22 20
7% 4% 13% 11% 10% 5% 2% 5% 4% 4% 10% 9% 4% 9% 7% 9% 5% 7% 8% 10% 4% 11% 9% 14% 13% 15% 5% 16% 10% 5% 7% 5% 8% 6% 7% 7%
£5m - £9.99m 26 8 18 12 5 6 2 0 2 8 15 9 4 13 18 3 5 23 3 19 7 9 9 14 10 4 12 3 13 13 25 1 19 7 14 12
4% 2% 8% 9% 3% 4% 2% 0% 2% 6% 5% 9% 2% 5% 6% 2% 4% 5% 2% 6% 3% 6% 5% 9% 13% 5% 3% 6% 6% 3% 4% 3% 7% 2% 4% 4%
£10m - £14.99m 8 4 4 1 7 0 0 0 1 1 5 1 0 7 5 2 1 7 1 3 5 0 3 5 2 3 3 3 2 6 8 0 5 3 7 1
1% 1% 2% 1% 4% 0% 0% 0% 1% 1% 2% 1% 0% 3% 2% 1% 1% 2% *% 1% 2% 0% 1% 3% 3% 4% 1% 6% 1% 2% 1% 0% 2% 1% 2% *%
£15m - £24.99m 4 0 4 1 2 1 0 0 1 3 1 2 1 1 4 1 0 4 0 4 1 1 3 3 2 1 2 0 2 2 4 0 3 1 3 1
1% 0% 2% 1% 1% 1% 0% 0% 1% 2% *% 2% 1% *% 1% *% 0% 1% 0% 1% *% 1% 1% 2% 2% 1% *% 0% 1% 1% 1% 0% 1% *% 1% *%
£25m or more 5 2 4 0 1 3 1 0 1 2 3 1 1 4 5 0 1 5 0 2 3 1 2 2 1 1 3 1 1 4 5 0 3 2 1 5
1% *% 2% 0% 1% 2% 1% 0% 1% 1% 1% 1% *% 2% 2% 0% 1% 1% 0% 1% 1% *% 1% 2% 2% 2% 1% 1% 1% 1% 1% 0% 1% 1% *% 2%
Don't know 69 44 25 5 19 16 29 6 14 13 35 11 32 20 18 22 11 47 22 20 50 10 10 6 4 2 50 2 17 53 67 3 28 42 37 33
12% 11% 12% 4% 10% 10% 22% 13% 14% 9% 12% 11% 15% 8% 6% 14% 9% 11% 14% 6% 18% 7% 5% 4% 5% 2% 12% 4% 8% 13% 12% 6% 9% 14% 11% 12%
Refused 61 40 21 8 24 16 13 6 5 15 31 11 32 15 24 17 15 42 19 31 30 8 22 13 8 5 47 2 15 46 49 12 30 31 33 27
10% 10% 10% 6% 12% 11% 10% 13% 5% 10% 10% 11% 15% 6% 8% 11% 13% 9% 12% 9% 11% 6% 12% 9% 11% 7% 11% 4% 7% 12% 9% 28% 10% 10% 10% 10%
Base for stats 471 305 166 110 149 119 92 32 79 119 235 77 153 220 243 121 89 353 118 274 197 127 147 133 66 67 334 47 180 291 442 29 235 236 253 218
Mean 2217302.91 1501500.69 3529999.84 2312080.92 2557599.27 2478174.25 1215025.54 1113481.45 2095973.25 2480077.83 2278850.38 2901852.92 1476010.34 2572468.39 2755784.15 1575581.84 1813454.73 2520164.75 1313289.07 2319633.28 2074880.3 1921020.72 2666382.41 3487728.25 3874944.22 3110093.14 1721715.1 3188875.05 2260963.04 2190389.07 2276471.66 1312645.22 2661381.82 1774435.07 2123323.54 2326799.39
Standard error 187466.11 183789.75 349618.94 257136.27 361195.7 465300.89 336780.4 120397.11 507195.28 422784.48 256233.25 547028.34 237785.84 306386.92 319490.38 205966.97 334567.14 242067.43 144532.5 233810.69 310233.3 272869.58 366909.27 429818.14 620701.21 595487.2 191799.7 649675.25 271156.04 254040.84 198140.09 290169.01 283738.08 239100.62 211489.76 322185.38
9520 - Understanding Growth in Small Businesses
Table 12
A11. Comparing the situation now with two years ago in 2012, would you say the turnover of your business has increased, decreased or stayed roughly the same?
Base: Where trading for at least 3 years
Size Sector Age of firm 2 yr employment growth 2 yr turnover growth Plan to grow Significant invest Sought external finance Exporter Innovation Recruit employees Senior mgrs Family owned
Total Oct-19 20-49 ABCDEF GHI JKLMN PQRS 0-4 years 5-10 years 11-20 years Over 20 yrs Increase Same Decrease Increase Same Decrease Yes No Yes No/DK/Ref Yes No/DK/Ref Any Significant Small None Export potential Any None Any None Yes No Yes No
Unweighted Bases 578 269 309 134 180 153 111 22 96 150 298 96 214 261 295 152 113 428 150 323 255 147 176 161 86 75 397 54 214 364 539 39 301 277 311 267
Weighted Bases 578 375 203 122 181 146 130 22 98 147 301 100 217 255 285 160 114 423 156 308 270 140 168 148 74 74 413 49 203 375 536 43 284 294 313 265
Increased 285 175 110 55 87 89 54 14 64 81 121 26 83 175 285 0 0 234 51 169 117 74 94 79 44 35 198 23 124 161 272 14 157 128 150 135
49% 47% 54% 45% 48% 61% 42% 63% 66% 55% 40% 26% 38% 69% 100% 0% 0% 55% 33% 55% 43% 53% 56% 54% 60% 48% 48% 46% 61% 43% 51% 32% 55% 43% 48% 51%
Decreased 114 77 37 22 41 24 28 3 13 29 68 45 50 18 0 0 114 73 41 61 53 25 36 28 12 16 86 11 38 76 103 11 50 64 63 52
20% 21% 18% 18% 23% 16% 21% 13% 14% 20% 23% 45% 23% 7% 0% 0% 100% 17% 27% 20% 20% 18% 21% 19% 16% 22% 21% 22% 19% 20% 19% 26% 18% 22% 20% 19%
Roughly the same 160 111 48 44 48 31 37 4 18 37 96 25 79 55 0 160 0 101 59 73 87 41 32 40 18 22 115 15 39 121 142 18 67 93 94 66
28% 30% 24% 36% 26% 21% 29% 17% 19% 25% 32% 25% 37% 21% 0% 100% 0% 24% 38% 24% 32% 29% 19% 27% 24% 30% 28% 31% 19% 32% 27% 41% 24% 31% 30% 25%
Don't know 19 12 7 1 5 3 11 2 2 0 15 3 5 7 0 0 0 15 4 6 13 1 5 0 0 0 14 0 2 17 19 1 9 10 6 13
3% 3% 4% 1% 3% 2% 8% 7% 2% 0% 5% 3% 2% 3% 0% 0% 0% 4% 2% 2% 5% *% 3% 0% 0% 0% 3% 0% 1% 5% 3% 1% 3% 3% 2% 5%
9520 - Understanding Growth in Small Businesses
Table 13
A12. Between 2009 and 2012 would you say the turnover of your business increased, decreased or stayed roughly the same?
Base: Where trading for at least 5 years
Size Sector Age of firm 2 yr employment growth 2 yr turnover growth Plan to grow Significant invest Sought external finance Exporter Innovation Recruit employees Senior mgrs Family owned
Total Oct-19 20-49 ABCDEF GHI JKLMN PQRS 5-10 years 11-20 years Over 20 yrs Increase Same Decrease Increase Same Decrease Yes No Yes No/DK/Ref Yes No/DK/Ref Any Significant Small None Export potential Any None Any None Yes No Yes No
Unweighted Bases 556 259 297 132 173 142 109 96 150 298 93 208 248 281 149 109 408 148 308 248 142 166 156 84 72 381 51 200 356 519 37 288 268 302 254
Weighted Bases 556 361 195 120 174 135 128 98 147 301 96 212 242 271 156 111 402 154 294 263 136 158 142 71 71 397 47 191 366 515 41 271 285 304 253
Increased 262 158 104 55 82 73 52 61 76 122 29 83 148 172 61 28 207 55 158 104 77 82 81 46 34 177 24 95 167 253 9 150 111 143 119
47% 44% 53% 46% 47% 54% 41% 62% 52% 41% 31% 39% 61% 64% 39% 26% 51% 36% 54% 39% 56% 52% 57% 65% 48% 44% 51% 50% 46% 49% 22% 55% 39% 47% 47%
Decreased 118 83 35 26 45 29 19 16 36 64 34 47 36 45 19 54 81 37 54 64 23 31 26 11 15 90 10 48 70 105 13 51 68 64 54
21% 23% 18% 21% 26% 21% 15% 16% 25% 21% 36% 22% 15% 16% 12% 48% 20% 24% 18% 24% 17% 20% 18% 16% 21% 23% 20% 25% 19% 20% 31% 19% 24% 21% 21%
Roughly the same 150 107 43 35 39 31 45 19 31 97 28 73 48 49 73 28 93 57 70 80 34 36 34 13 21 111 11 43 107 131 19 58 92 85 65
27% 30% 22% 30% 23% 23% 35% 20% 21% 32% 29% 34% 20% 18% 47% 25% 23% 37% 24% 30% 25% 23% 24% 18% 29% 28% 24% 22% 29% 25% 45% 21% 32% 28% 26%
Don't know 27 13 14 4 8 3 12 2 4 18 4 9 11 5 3 1 21 5 11 15 3 8 2 1 1 19 2 5 21 26 1 12 15 12 15
5% 4% 7% 3% 5% 2% 10% 2% 3% 6% 4% 4% 4% 2% 2% 1% 5% 3% 4% 6% 2% 5% 1% 1% 2% 5% 4% 3% 6% 5% 1% 4% 5% 4% 6%
9520 - Understanding Growth in Small Businesses
Table 14
A13. Taking into account all sources of income in the last financial year, did you generate a profit or surplus? 
Base: Where trading for at least 1 year
Size Sector Age of firm 2 yr employment growth 2 yr turnover growth Plan to grow Significant invest Sought external finance Exporter Innovation Recruit employees Senior mgrs Family owned
Total Oct-19 20-49 ABCDEF GHI JKLMN PQRS 0-4 years 5-10 years 11-20 years Over 20 yrs Increase Same Decrease Increase Same Decrease Yes No Yes No/DK/Ref Yes No/DK/Ref Any Significant Small None Export potential Any None Any None Yes No Yes No
Unweighted Bases 595 276 319 136 189 155 115 39 96 150 298 96 214 261 295 152 113 442 153 335 260 149 186 166 90 76 408 55 221 374 555 40 307 288 320 275
Weighted Bases 595 385 210 123 191 148 133 38 98 147 301 100 217 255 285 160 114 435 159 320 275 142 178 152 78 74 424 50 211 384 551 43 290 305 322 273
Yes 461 294 167 98 154 124 86 27 72 120 234 69 170 210 241 134 72 335 127 259 202 115 144 122 58 65 329 41 172 290 426 35 227 234 263 198
78% 77% 79% 80% 81% 83% 65% 71% 74% 82% 78% 69% 78% 83% 85% 84% 63% 77% 79% 81% 73% 81% 81% 80% 74% 87% 78% 82% 81% 75% 77% 81% 78% 77% 82% 72%
No 100 70 29 19 27 18 36 6 21 18 53 24 37 32 35 17 40 75 25 52 48 24 27 28 19 9 72 7 31 69 93 7 47 52 44 55
17% 18% 14% 15% 14% 12% 27% 17% 21% 13% 18% 24% 17% 12% 12% 10% 35% 17% 16% 16% 17% 17% 15% 18% 24% 12% 17% 13% 15% 18% 17% 15% 16% 17% 14% 20%
Don't know 28 17 11 6 7 6 10 3 5 7 12 5 10 11 8 9 1 23 5 5 24 2 3 1 1 0 20 1 7 21 27 2 13 16 11 18
5% 4% 5% 5% 4% 4% 7% 8% 5% 5% 4% 5% 4% 4% 3% 5% 1% 5% 3% 1% 9% 1% 2% *% 1% 0% 5% 2% 4% 5% 5% 4% 4% 5% 3% 6%
Refused 6 3 3 0 3 1 2 2 0 2 1 2 1 2 1 1 2 3 2 4 2 1 3 1 1 1 3 1 1 4 6 0 3 3 3 3
1% 1% 1% 0% 2% *% 1% 5% 0% 1% *% 2% *% 1% *% *% 1% 1% 1% 1% 1% *% 2% 1% 1% 1% 1% 3% 1% 1% 1% 0% 1% 1% 1% 1%
9520 - Understanding Growth in Small Businesses
Table 15
A14. Can you please tell me what the approximate net profit of your business was in the last financial year? 
Base: Where generated a profit
Size Sector Age of firm 2 yr employment growth 2 yr turnover growth Plan to grow Significant invest Sought external finance Exporter Innovation Recruit employees Senior mgrs Family owned
Total Oct-19 20-49 ABCDEF GHI JKLMN PQRS 0-4 years 5-10 years 11-20 years Over 20 yrs Increase Same Decrease Increase Same Decrease Yes No Yes No/DK/Ref Yes No/DK/Ref Any Significant Small None Export potential Any None Any None Yes No Yes No
Unweighted Bases 466 212 254 111 152 125 78 27 71 123 236 72 165 216 249 126 75 346 120 274 192 121 153 137 69 68 317 46 181 285 435 31 244 222 265 201
Weighted Bases 461 294 167 98 154 124 86 27 72 120 234 69 170 210 241 134 72 335 127 259 202 115 144 122 58 65 329 41 172 290 426 35 227 234 263 198
Less than £1,000 4 1 3 1 1 1 1 0 1 1 1 1 3 0 2 1 0 2 2 2 2 2 0 1 0 1 3 0 2 2 3 1 4 0 1 3
1% *% 2% 1% 1% *% 1% 0% 2% 1% 1% 1% 2% 0% 1% 1% 0% 1% 2% 1% 1% 2% 0% 1% 0% 2% 1% 0% 1% 1% 1% 2% 2% 0% *% 1%
£1,000 - £4,999 10 8 2 0 1 2 7 0 1 3 6 4 4 2 5 3 2 9 2 3 7 2 1 0 0 0 10 1 4 6 9 1 5 5 1 9
2% 3% 1% 0% 1% 1% 9% 0% 1% 3% 3% 6% 2% 1% 2% 2% 3% 3% 1% 1% 3% 2% 1% 0% 0% 0% 3% 2% 2% 2% 2% 2% 2% 2% *% 5%
£5,000 - £9,999 14 10 5 4 5 2 4 1 5 1 8 1 8 6 6 4 5 8 6 9 5 4 5 0 0 0 14 1 7 8 13 1 8 7 12 3
3% 3% 3% 4% 3% 2% 5% 2% 7% 1% 3% 1% 4% 3% 2% 3% 7% 2% 5% 4% 3% 4% 3% 0% 0% 0% 4% 2% 4% 3% 3% 3% 3% 3% 4% 1%
£10,000 - £24,999 32 26 7 4 15 1 12 3 6 5 16 1 16 15 19 10 3 24 8 18 14 15 3 12 2 9 21 3 14 18 30 3 10 22 15 17
7% 9% 4% 4% 10% 1% 14% 11% 8% 4% 7% 2% 10% 7% 8% 8% 5% 7% 6% 7% 7% 13% 2% 9% 4% 14% 6% 6% 8% 6% 7% 7% 4% 10% 6% 9%
£25,000 - £49,999 35 25 10 5 14 10 6 5 6 11 12 5 9 19 21 4 7 27 8 18 17 13 5 4 3 1 30 2 13 21 33 1 16 19 22 13
7% 8% 6% 6% 9% 8% 7% 20% 8% 9% 5% 7% 5% 9% 9% 3% 10% 8% 6% 7% 8% 11% 3% 3% 5% 2% 9% 6% 8% 7% 8% 4% 7% 8% 8% 6%
£50,000 - £74,999 33 26 7 8 7 13 4 1 5 13 14 6 8 19 19 11 3 25 7 20 12 12 8 7 5 2 25 4 13 19 33 0 17 15 18 14
7% 9% 4% 8% 5% 11% 5% 3% 7% 11% 6% 9% 4% 9% 8% 8% 4% 8% 6% 8% 6% 11% 6% 6% 9% 4% 8% 9% 8% 7% 8% 0% 8% 7% 7% 7%
£75,000 - £99,999 22 15 7 9 7 2 4 1 2 5 14 5 2 15 13 7 2 16 6 15 7 8 7 5 0 5 17 4 6 16 21 1 12 10 11 11
5% 5% 4% 9% 4% 2% 5% 4% 3% 4% 6% 8% 1% 7% 5% 5% 3% 5% 5% 6% 3% 7% 5% 4% 0% 8% 5% 10% 3% 6% 5% 4% 5% 4% 4% 5%
£100,000 - £249,999 71 42 28 13 23 22 12 3 19 19 30 8 29 31 41 18 9 55 16 46 25 14 32 22 10 12 47 7 22 48 68 3 32 38 39 31
15% 14% 17% 13% 15% 18% 14% 10% 27% 15% 13% 11% 17% 15% 17% 14% 13% 16% 12% 18% 12% 12% 22% 18% 17% 18% 14% 17% 13% 17% 16% 9% 14% 16% 15% 16%
£250,000 - £299,999 9 6 4 4 1 4 0 2 0 4 3 2 4 3 7 1 1 8 1 5 5 2 3 5 4 1 4 0 6 3 9 0 4 5 4 5
2% 2% 2% 4% *% 3% 0% 6% 0% 3% 1% 3% 2% 2% 3% 1% 1% 2% 1% 2% 2% 2% 2% 4% 7% 1% 1% 0% 3% 1% 2% 0% 2% 2% 2% 3%
£300,000 - £499,999 13 9 3 2 5 6 0 0 0 5 8 1 3 8 9 4 1 5 8 9 4 0 9 6 3 3 7 2 6 6 13 0 9 4 7 6
3% 3% 2% 2% 3% 5% 0% 0% 0% 4% 3% 1% 2% 4% 4% 3% 1% 2% 6% 3% 2% 0% 6% 5% 6% 4% 2% 6% 4% 2% 3% 0% 4% 2% 3% 3%
£500,000 - £999,999 17 7 10 6 4 6 1 2 3 6 4 3 6 8 11 4 1 15 2 7 9 3 5 11 7 4 6 2 6 11 13 3 13 4 8 8
4% 2% 6% 6% 3% 5% 1% 8% 5% 5% 2% 4% 4% 4% 5% 3% 2% 5% 1% 3% 5% 2% 3% 9% 12% 6% 2% 4% 4% 4% 3% 10% 6% 2% 3% 4%
£1m - £2.499m 7 3 4 1 3 3 0 0 0 3 4 1 1 5 5 1 1 7 0 3 4 1 2 2 1 1 5 1 3 5 6 1 5 2 3 4
2% 1% 3% 1% 2% 2% 0% 0% 0% 3% 2% 1% 1% 3% 2% 1% 1% 2% 0% 1% 2% 1% 1% 2% 1% 2% 2% 1% 2% 2% 1% 4% 2% 1% 1% 2%
Over £2.5m 2 0 2 0 0 1 1 0 1 0 1 0 1 1 2 0 0 2 0 2 0 0 2 1 1 0 1 0 2 0 2 0 1 1 0 2
*% 0% 1% 0% 0% 1% 1% 0% 1% 0% *% 0% 1% *% 1% 0% 0% 1% 0% 1% 0% 0% 1% 1% 2% 0% *% 0% 1% 0% *% 0% 1% *% 0% 1%
Don't know 108 63 44 21 37 25 24 5 16 20 66 15 44 45 47 35 18 68 40 50 58 22 28 21 12 9 80 8 36 72 102 6 43 65 70 37
23% 22% 27% 22% 24% 20% 28% 17% 22% 17% 28% 22% 26% 21% 20% 26% 25% 20% 32% 19% 29% 19% 19% 17% 21% 14% 24% 19% 21% 25% 24% 16% 19% 28% 27% 19%
Refuse 85 54 31 19 31 25 10 5 7 23 47 18 32 34 34 29 20 63 21 52 32 18 34 26 9 16 59 7 31 54 71 14 48 37 50 35
18% 18% 18% 19% 20% 20% 11% 19% 10% 19% 20% 26% 19% 16% 14% 21% 28% 19% 17% 20% 16% 15% 24% 21% 16% 25% 18% 18% 18% 18% 17% 40% 21% 16% 19% 18%
Base for stats 269 177 92 57 86 73 52 17 50 77 120 36 94 131 160 70 34 204 65 157 111 76 82 76 36 39 191 26 104 165 253 16 136 133 143 126
Mean ('000s) 195 135 310 199 177 266 122 169 200 215 185 171 199 205 229 153 135 227 94 193 198 123 258 281 363 204 161 161 219 180 185 355 241 148 166 228
9520 - Understanding Growth in Small Businesses
Table 16
B1. Do you plan to grow the business over the next three years?
Base: All Respondents
Size Sector Age of firm 2 yr employment growth 2 yr turnover growth Plan to grow Significant invest Sought external finance Exporter Innovation Recruit employees Senior mgrs Family owned
Total Oct-19 20-49 ABCDEF GHI JKLMN PQRS 0-4 years 5-10 years 11-20 years Over 20 yrs Increase Same Decrease Increase Same Decrease Yes No Yes No/DK/Ref Yes No/DK/Ref Any Significant Small None Export potential Any None Any None Yes No Yes No
Unweighted Bases 601 279 322 137 190 158 116 43 96 150 298 96 214 261 295 152 113 448 153 340 261 153 187 166 90 76 414 55 222 379 561 40 310 291 322 279
Weighted Bases 601 389 212 124 192 151 134 43 98 147 301 100 217 255 285 160 114 442 159 325 276 146 178 152 78 74 431 50 212 389 558 43 292 309 324 277
Yes 442 280 162 86 136 124 95 38 83 112 198 69 143 208 234 101 73 442 0 257 185 108 148 130 66 64 298 41 170 272 415 26 232 210 226 216
73% 72% 76% 69% 71% 82% 71% 88% 84% 76% 66% 69% 66% 82% 82% 63% 64% 100% 0% 79% 67% 74% 83% 85% 84% 86% 69% 82% 80% 70% 75% 60% 79% 68% 70% 78%
No 146 100 46 34 52 24 37 5 12 33 96 30 67 43 48 54 36 0 146 61 85 35 26 18 9 9 126 8 36 110 129 17 53 93 94 52
24% 26% 22% 27% 27% 16% 27% 12% 12% 22% 32% 30% 31% 17% 17% 34% 32% 0% 92% 19% 31% 24% 15% 12% 11% 12% 29% 16% 17% 28% 23% 38% 18% 30% 29% 19%
Don't Know 13 9 4 4 4 3 2 0 3 2 6 1 7 4 3 5 5 0 13 7 7 3 3 5 3 1 6 1 6 8 13 1 7 6 4 9
2% 2% 2% 3% 2% 2% 2% 0% 3% 1% 2% 1% 3% 1% 1% 3% 4% 0% 8% 2% 2% 2% 2% 3% 4% 2% 1% 2% 3% 2% 2% 1% 3% 2% 1% 3%
9520 - Understanding Growth in Small Businesses
Table 17
B1A. Why have you decided not to grow your business over the next three years?
Base: Where don't plan to grow business
Size Sector Age of firm 2 yr employment growth 2 yr turnover growth Plan to grow Significant invest Sought external finance Exporter Innovation Recruit employees Senior mgrs Family owned
Total Oct-19 20-49 ABCDEF GHI JKLMN PQRS 0-4 years 5-10 years 11-20 years Over 20 yrs Increase Same Decrease Increase Same Decrease No Yes No/DK/Ref Yes No/DK/Ref Any Significant Small None Export potential Any None Any None Yes No Yes No
Unweighted Bases 153 80 73 39 54 26 34 5 16 32 98 28 73 45 47 55 43 153 66 87 35 31 23 14 9 126 9 41 112 137 16 62 91 94 59
Weighted Bases 159 109 50 38 56 27 39 5 15 35 102 31 74 47 51 59 41 159 68 92 38 30 23 12 10 132 9 41 118 142 17 61 98 98 61
Happy at this size 65 43 22 18 22 6 18 1 7 16 40 15 27 19 22 26 13 65 22 43 10 12 9 6 3 53 3 12 53 54 11 27 38 43 22
41% 40% 43% 48% 40% 24% 46% 26% 48% 45% 40% 48% 37% 40% 43% 44% 30% 41% 32% 47% 26% 41% 39% 47% 30% 40% 33% 29% 45% 38% 63% 44% 39% 44% 36%
Not enough business / work available 28 20 7 9 7 5 6 1 1 1 23 5 12 9 5 10 12 28 12 15 7 5 9 4 5 19 4 9 18 25 3 10 18 16 11
17% 19% 14% 23% 13% 20% 17% 11% 8% 4% 23% 18% 17% 18% 10% 17% 30% 17% 18% 17% 18% 18% 38% 30% 48% 14% 46% 22% 16% 18% 15% 16% 18% 16% 19%
Intend to retire in next 3 years 11 9 2 4 5 3 0 0 0 3 8 2 5 4 6 5 0 11 4 7 3 2 0 0 0 11 0 2 9 10 1 4 8 10 2
7% 9% 4% 10% 8% 12% 0% 0% 0% 8% 8% 5% 7% 9% 12% 9% 0% 7% 6% 8% 7% 6% 0% 0% 0% 9% 0% 5% 8% 7% 7% 6% 8% 10% 3%
Limited by the size of the premises 9 7 2 1 3 2 3 2 0 4 3 0 5 2 3 4 1 9 2 7 2 0 0 0 0 9 1 3 6 9 0 3 6 3 6
6% 6% 5% 3% 6% 6% 8% 47% 0% 11% 3% 0% 7% 5% 5% 6% 3% 6% 3% 8% 5% 0% 0% 0% 0% 7% 13% 8% 5% 7% 0% 5% 7% 3% 10%
Can't get (more) financing 7 3 5 1 5 1 2 1 0 3 3 1 4 2 1 3 3 7 5 2 4 1 1 0 1 7 1 1 6 6 1 2 5 7 1
5% 2% 10% 2% 8% 2% 4% 17% 0% 10% 3% 2% 5% 5% 3% 5% 6% 5% 8% 2% 11% 4% 3% 0% 7% 5% 8% 4% 5% 4% 7% 4% 5% 7% 1%
Extra regulations / red tape 6 4 2 0 4 2 1 0 4 2 1 0 2 4 4 3 0 6 6 0 3 3 0 0 0 6 0 4 3 6 0 3 4 3 4
4% 4% 4% 0% 7% 6% 2% 0% 23% 6% 1% 0% 3% 9% 7% 5% 0% 4% 9% 0% 9% 10% 0% 0% 0% 5% 0% 9% 2% 4% 0% 5% 4% 3% 6%
Intending to close the business 6 6 0 1 1 3 0 0 2 1 3 3 1 2 2 3 1 6 4 1 3 2 0 0 0 6 0 2 4 6 0 1 4 3 3
4% 5% 0% 3% 2% 12% 0% 0% 10% 3% 3% 9% 2% 3% 3% 5% 3% 4% 7% 1% 8% 5% 0% 0% 0% 4% 0% 4% 3% 4% 0% 2% 4% 3% 5%
Too stressful 4 2 2 1 0 2 2 0 0 1 3 2 1 2 2 2 0 4 1 2 1 0 0 0 0 4 0 1 2 4 0 2 1 2 2
2% 1% 5% 2% 0% 6% 4% 0% 0% 2% 3% 5% 1% 4% 4% 3% 0% 2% 2% 3% 4% 0% 0% 0% 0% 3% 0% 4% 2% 3% 0% 4% 1% 2% 3%
Due to the nature of the business 3 1 2 0 1 1 1 0 0 1 3 0 3 1 0 0 3 3 2 1 2 0 0 0 0 3 0 1 3 3 0 1 3 0 3
2% 1% 4% 0% 2% 4% 2% 0% 0% 2% 3% 0% 4% 1% 0% 0% 8% 2% 3% 1% 6% 0% 0% 0% 0% 2% 0% 1% 2% 2% 0% 1% 3% 0% 5%
Intend to sell / pass on the business in next 3 years 3 2 1 0 1 2 0 0 0 1 2 0 3 0 2 0 1 3 2 1 0 2 2 0 2 1 0 2 1 3 0 2 1 1 2
2% 1% 3% 0% 2% 6% 0% 0% 0% 2% 2% 0% 4% 0% 3% 0% 3% 2% 2% 2% 0% 5% 7% 0% 16% 1% 0% 4% 1% 2% 0% 3% 1% 1% 3%
Don't want to take out (more) financing 3 1 1 0 2 1 0 0 0 0 3 1 1 1 0 1 2 3 2 1 0 2 0 0 0 3 0 1 2 3 0 1 2 1 1
2% 1% 2% 0% 4% 2% 0% 0% 0% 0% 2% 4% 1% 1% 0% 1% 5% 2% 3% 1% 0% 6% 0% 0% 0% 2% 0% 1% 2% 2% 0% 1% 2% 1% 2%
Difficult to find the right staff 2 1 1 1 0 0 1 0 0 1 1 0 1 1 0 1 1 2 0 2 0 0 0 0 0 2 1 1 1 2 0 1 1 0 2
1% 1% 2% 3% 0% 0% 2% 0% 0% 2% 1% 0% 1% 3% 0% 2% 2% 1% 0% 2% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 2% 13% 3% 1% 1% 0% 2% 1% 0% 3%
Don't need more staff 2 1 1 0 1 1 0 0 0 0 2 0 2 0 2 0 0 2 0 2 0 0 0 0 0 2 0 0 2 2 0 0 2 1 1
1% 1% 1% 0% 2% 2% 0% 0% 0% 0% 2% 0% 2% 0% 4% 0% 0% 1% 0% 2% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 1% 0% 0% 2% 1% 0% 0% 2% 1% 2%
Other 18 13 5 5 6 2 5 0 2 7 8 3 8 7 7 6 5 18 12 5 6 7 2 2 0 16 1 6 12 18 0 8 10 15 3
11% 12% 9% 14% 10% 6% 13% 0% 10% 21% 8% 10% 11% 14% 13% 10% 11% 11% 18% 6% 15% 23% 7% 13% 0% 12% 13% 14% 10% 13% 0% 13% 10% 15% 5%
Don't know 6 4 1 0 2 1 3 0 2 1 4 1 4 2 2 2 2 6 2 3 2 1 1 1 0 3 0 3 3 4 1 3 3 2 3
4% 4% 2% 0% 4% 2% 8% 0% 10% 2% 4% 2% 5% 3% 4% 3% 5% 4% 3% 4% 4% 2% 6% 10% 0% 2% 0% 8% 2% 3% 7% 5% 3% 2% 6%
9520 - Understanding Growth in Small Businesses
Table 18
B1B. Do you believe this business could grow if you wanted it to?
Base: Where don't plan to grow business
Size Sector Age of firm 2 yr employment growth 2 yr turnover growth Plan to grow Significant invest Sought external finance Exporter Innovation Recruit employees Senior mgrs Family owned
Total Oct-19 20-49 ABCDEF GHI JKLMN PQRS 0-4 years 5-10 years 11-20 years Over 20 yrs Increase Same Decrease Increase Same Decrease No Yes No/DK/Ref Yes No/DK/Ref Any Significant Small None Export potential Any None Any None Yes No Yes No
Unweighted Bases 153 80 73 39 54 26 34 5 16 32 98 28 73 45 47 55 43 153 66 87 35 31 23 14 9 126 9 41 112 137 16 62 91 94 59
Weighted Bases 159 109 50 38 56 27 39 5 15 35 102 31 74 47 51 59 41 159 68 92 38 30 23 12 10 132 9 41 118 142 17 61 98 98 61
Yes 124 88 36 34 45 21 24 4 11 26 80 22 57 38 43 50 26 124 55 69 31 24 19 9 10 102 9 33 91 110 14 47 76 80 44
78% 80% 72% 90% 81% 78% 60% 89% 75% 75% 78% 72% 77% 82% 83% 85% 62% 78% 81% 75% 83% 79% 86% 73% 100% 77% 94% 80% 77% 78% 79% 78% 78% 82% 71%
No 31 18 13 4 10 4 13 1 2 9 20 9 13 8 9 6 15 31 12 19 6 6 3 3 0 28 1 7 24 28 3 13 17 15 16
19% 17% 26% 10% 19% 14% 33% 11% 11% 25% 20% 28% 18% 18% 17% 10% 36% 19% 17% 21% 15% 21% 14% 27% 0% 21% 6% 16% 21% 20% 18% 22% 18% 15% 27%
Don't know 5 3 1 0 0 2 2 0 2 0 2 0 4 0 0 3 1 5 1 4 1 0 0 0 0 2 0 2 3 4 1 0 5 3 1
3% 3% 3% 0% 0% 8% 6% 0% 14% 0% 2% 0% 5% 0% 0% 5% 2% 3% 1% 4% 2% 0% 0% 0% 0% 2% 0% 4% 3% 3% 3% 0% 5% 3% 2%
9520 - Understanding Growth in Small Businesses
Table 19
B2. Whether plan to increase employees
Base: Where plan to grow business
Size Sector Age of firm 2 yr employment growth 2 yr turnover growth Plan to grow Significant invest Sought external finance Exporter Innovation Recruit employees Senior mgrs Family owned
Total Oct-19 20-49 ABCDEF GHI JKLMN PQRS 0-4 years 5-10 years 11-20 years Over 20 yrs Increase Same Decrease Increase Same Decrease Yes Yes No/DK/Ref Yes No/DK/Ref Any Significant Small None Export potential Any None Any None Yes No Yes No
Unweighted Bases 448 199 249 98 136 132 82 38 80 118 200 68 141 216 248 97 70 448 274 174 118 156 143 76 67 288 46 181 267 424 24 248 200 228 220
Weighted Bases 442 280 162 86 136 124 95 38 83 112 198 69 143 208 234 101 73 442 257 185 108 148 130 66 64 298 41 170 272 415 26 232 210 226 216
Yes, will increase employees 326 203 123 66 93 102 64 31 65 90 138 55 88 169 187 68 48 326 200 126 86 114 93 48 45 223 37 134 192 306 21 182 144 163 163
74% 73% 76% 77% 68% 82% 68% 83% 79% 80% 69% 79% 62% 81% 80% 67% 66% 74% 78% 68% 79% 77% 72% 73% 70% 75% 90% 79% 71% 74% 78% 79% 69% 72% 75%
No, will not increase employees 86 56 29 13 30 17 26 5 13 16 46 9 43 31 36 30 16 86 43 43 20 23 28 11 18 55 4 30 56 80 6 38 48 44 42
19% 20% 18% 15% 22% 13% 27% 12% 16% 14% 23% 13% 30% 15% 15% 30% 22% 19% 17% 23% 18% 15% 22% 16% 27% 19% 9% 17% 21% 19% 22% 16% 23% 19% 19%
Don't know 30 20 10 7 13 5 5 2 4 6 15 5 12 8 11 3 9 30 14 16 2 12 9 7 2 19 1 6 24 30 0 12 18 19 11
7% 7% 6% 8% 10% 4% 5% 5% 5% 6% 8% 8% 8% 4% 5% 3% 12% 7% 5% 9% 2% 8% 7% 11% 3% 7% 2% 4% 9% 7% 0% 5% 9% 8% 5%
9520 - Understanding Growth in Small Businesses
Table 20
B2a. Percentage employment growth - banded
Base: Where plan to grow employment
Size Sector Age of firm 2 yr employment growth 2 yr turnover growth Plan to grow Significant invest Sought external finance Exporter Innovation Recruit employees Senior mgrs Family owned
Total Oct-19 20-49 ABCDEF GHI JKLMN PQRS 0-4 years 5-10 years 11-20 years Over 20 yrs Increase Same Decrease Increase Same Decrease Yes Yes No/DK/Ref Yes No/DK/Ref Any Significant Small None Export potential Any None Any None Yes No Yes No
Unweighted Bases 334 144 190 75 95 107 57 32 63 95 141 51 90 178 198 68 46 334 213 121 94 119 105 57 48 217 40 144 190 315 19 196 138 165 169
Weighted Bases 326 203 123 66 93 102 64 31 65 90 138 55 88 169 187 68 48 326 200 126 86 114 93 48 45 223 37 134 192 306 21 182 144 163 163
By up to 20% 189 110 78 40 52 55 42 13 33 48 92 32 55 95 110 44 20 189 114 75 48 66 50 29 21 131 14 74 115 179 10 102 87 98 91
58% 54% 64% 61% 56% 53% 64% 43% 51% 53% 67% 59% 63% 56% 59% 65% 41% 58% 57% 59% 56% 58% 54% 61% 47% 59% 39% 55% 60% 58% 50% 56% 61% 60% 56%
By between 20% and 50% 108 77 31 21 29 41 17 11 25 35 37 17 22 66 65 20 19 108 68 40 30 38 33 17 16 73 17 50 58 100 8 61 47 44 63
33% 38% 25% 32% 31% 40% 27% 35% 39% 39% 27% 30% 25% 39% 35% 30% 40% 33% 34% 32% 35% 33% 36% 35% 37% 32% 46% 37% 30% 33% 38% 34% 33% 27% 39%
By more than 50% 19 14 6 1 10 4 4 6 6 4 3 5 5 5 6 1 7 19 15 5 6 8 6 1 6 13 4 8 11 19 0 15 4 15 5
6% 7% 5% 2% 10% 4% 6% 19% 9% 5% 2% 10% 5% 3% 3% 2% 15% 6% 7% 4% 7% 7% 7% 1% 13% 6% 12% 6% 6% 6% 0% 8% 3% 9% 3%
Don't know 10 2 8 3 3 3 2 1 1 3 5 1 6 2 5 2 2 10 4 6 1 2 3 1 1 6 1 2 8 8 2 4 6 6 4
3% 1% 6% 5% 3% 3% 3% 4% 1% 4% 4% 1% 7% 1% 3% 3% 4% 3% 2% 5% 2% 2% 3% 2% 3% 3% 4% 2% 4% 2% 12% 2% 4% 4% 2%
Base for stats 316 201 115 63 91 100 63 30 65 87 133 54 82 166 181 65 46 316 197 119 85 112 90 47 43 217 36 132 184 298 18 178 138 157 159
Mean 21.34 22.14 19.97 16.73 24.2 20.72 22.84 43.23 25.42 20.3 15.35 20.47 17.26 20.56 18.37 16.52 31.02 21.34 22.67 19.16 22.82 22.55 22.4 18.44 26.7 21.21 28.71 20.92 21.65 21.62 16.78 23.89 18.07 22.86 19.84
Standard error 1.44 1.81 2.4 1.59 2.72 2.06 5.23 10.5 3.08 1.93 1.24 2.89 2.13 1.54 1.22 2.1 4.66 1.44 2.04 1.73 2.88 2.87 2.15 2.11 3.84 1.93 4.01 1.86 2.11 1.52 2.24 2.26 1.43 2.43 1.58
9520 - Understanding Growth in Small Businesses
Table 21
B3. Whether plan to increase turnover
Base: Where plan to grow business
Size Sector Age of firm 2 yr employment growth 2 yr turnover growth Plan to grow Significant invest Sought external finance Exporter Innovation Recruit employees Senior mgrs Family owned
Total Oct-19 20-49 ABCDEF GHI JKLMN PQRS 0-4 years 5-10 years 11-20 years Over 20 yrs Increase Same Decrease Increase Same Decrease Yes Yes No/DK/Ref Yes No/DK/Ref Any Significant Small None Export potential Any None Any None Yes No Yes No
Unweighted Bases 448 199 249 98 136 132 82 38 80 118 200 68 141 216 248 97 70 448 274 174 118 156 143 76 67 288 46 181 267 424 24 248 200 228 220
Weighted Bases 442 280 162 86 136 124 95 38 83 112 198 69 143 208 234 101 73 442 257 185 108 148 130 66 64 298 41 170 272 415 26 232 210 226 216
Yes, will increase turnover 401 254 147 81 125 114 81 34 80 100 177 58 129 195 217 91 68 401 242 160 103 139 125 64 61 268 39 157 244 378 24 217 185 211 190
91% 91% 91% 95% 92% 92% 85% 91% 97% 89% 89% 85% 90% 94% 93% 90% 93% 91% 94% 87% 95% 93% 96% 97% 95% 90% 95% 92% 90% 91% 91% 94% 88% 94% 88%
No, will not increase turnover 16 9 7 2 3 4 7 1 0 7 8 2 7 6 8 5 1 16 6 10 3 3 3 1 3 13 1 5 11 13 2 4 12 5 11
4% 3% 5% 2% 2% 3% 7% 2% 0% 6% 4% 3% 5% 3% 4% 5% 1% 4% 2% 5% 2% 2% 2% 1% 4% 4% 3% 3% 4% 3% 9% 2% 6% 2% 5%
Don't know 24 17 7 2 8 6 8 3 3 5 14 8 7 8 9 5 5 24 10 15 3 7 2 1 1 18 1 9 16 24 0 11 13 10 15
6% 6% 4% 3% 6% 5% 8% 8% 3% 4% 7% 12% 5% 4% 4% 5% 6% 6% 4% 8% 3% 5% 1% 2% 1% 6% 1% 5% 6% 6% 0% 5% 6% 4% 7%
9520 - Understanding Growth in Small Businesses
Table 22
B3a. Percentage turnover - banded
Base: Where plan to grow turnover
Size Sector Age of firm 2 yr employment growth 2 yr turnover growth Plan to grow Significant invest Sought external finance Exporter Innovation Recruit employees Senior mgrs Family owned
Total Oct-19 20-49 ABCDEF GHI JKLMN PQRS 0-4 years 5-10 years 11-20 years Over 20 yrs Increase Same Decrease Increase Same Decrease Yes Yes No/DK/Ref Yes No/DK/Ref Any Significant Small None Export potential Any None Any None Yes No Yes No
Unweighted Bases 408 181 227 94 125 119 70 34 77 106 180 58 129 201 231 87 65 408 256 152 112 144 136 74 62 261 43 167 241 387 21 231 177 213 195
Weighted Bases 401 254 147 81 125 114 81 34 80 100 177 58 129 195 217 91 68 401 242 160 103 139 125 64 61 268 39 157 244 378 24 217 185 211 190
By up to 20% 193 119 74 40 64 50 38 12 23 38 112 26 71 88 104 51 27 193 104 89 43 61 48 20 28 141 13 69 124 180 13 101 92 113 80
48% 47% 50% 50% 51% 44% 47% 35% 29% 38% 63% 45% 55% 45% 48% 56% 40% 48% 43% 56% 41% 44% 38% 32% 46% 53% 33% 44% 51% 48% 55% 46% 50% 54% 42%
By between 20% and 50% 148 98 49 31 44 46 26 16 39 46 47 21 43 78 84 36 23 148 101 47 45 56 54 32 21 92 16 67 80 140 8 82 66 69 79
37% 39% 33% 38% 35% 40% 32% 47% 49% 46% 26% 36% 33% 40% 39% 40% 34% 37% 42% 29% 44% 41% 43% 51% 35% 35% 40% 43% 33% 37% 35% 38% 36% 33% 42%
By more than 50% 36 24 11 5 10 14 6 5 16 8 5 6 6 18 18 1 12 36 23 13 8 15 18 9 9 17 9 15 21 36 0 25 11 18 17
9% 10% 8% 7% 8% 12% 8% 16% 20% 8% 3% 11% 5% 9% 8% 1% 18% 9% 9% 8% 8% 11% 15% 15% 15% 6% 22% 9% 9% 9% 0% 12% 6% 9% 9%
Don't know 24 13 12 4 7 4 10 0 2 8 13 5 8 10 12 3 6 24 13 11 7 6 5 2 3 17 2 6 18 22 3 9 15 11 13
6% 5% 8% 5% 5% 3% 12% 0% 2% 8% 8% 8% 6% 5% 5% 3% 8% 6% 6% 7% 7% 4% 4% 3% 4% 6% 6% 4% 8% 6% 11% 4% 8% 5% 7%
Refused 1 0 1 0 0 1 0 1 0 0 0 0 1 0 1 0 0 1 1 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 1 0 0 1 0 1
*% 0% *% 0% 0% *% 0% 2% 0% 0% 0% 0% *% 0% *% 0% 0% *% *% 0% 0% *% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% *% *% 0% 0% *% 0% *%
Base for stats 376 241 135 77 119 110 71 34 78 92 163 54 120 184 205 88 62 376 228 149 96 132 120 62 58 250 37 151 226 355 21 208 169 200 176
Mean 26.81 26.3 27.72 22.22 25.2 32.89 25.08 45.17 36.11 30.73 16.77 28 21.12 26.93 26.12 18.67 31.94 26.81 28.91 23.6 26.44 30.69 32.92 35.87 29.77 24.16 39.87 29.21 25.2 27.35 17.65 29.25 23.81 25.66 28.11
Standard error 1.73 2.18 2.87 2.25 2.51 4.04 4.8 10.51 3.59 4.1 1.18 3.85 2.58 2.14 2.13 2.26 3.86 1.73 2.36 2.42 2.79 3.55 3.32 5.2 3.95 2.02 6.04 2.97 2.07 1.81 3.16 2.52 2.23 2.35 2.55
9520 - Understanding Growth in Small Businesses
Table 23
B4. From your personal perspective, what is the ideal size of your business in the long term - i.e. beyond the next three years - in terms of turnover?
Base: Where do NOT plan to retire in the next 3 years
Size Sector Age of firm 2 yr employment growth 2 yr turnover growth Plan to grow Significant invest Sought external finance Exporter Innovation Recruit employees Senior mgrs Family owned
Total Oct-19 20-49 ABCDEF GHI JKLMN PQRS 0-4 years 5-10 years 11-20 years Over 20 yrs Increase Same Decrease Increase Same Decrease Yes No Yes No/DK/Ref Yes No/DK/Ref Any Significant Small None Export potential Any None Any None Yes No Yes No
Unweighted Bases 589 271 318 134 184 155 116 43 96 147 289 95 206 258 290 147 111 448 141 336 253 151 185 165 90 75 403 55 220 369 550 39 306 283 312 277
Weighted Bases 587 378 209 120 186 146 134 43 98 144 290 98 209 251 278 154 113 442 146 319 268 144 175 151 78 73 418 50 208 379 545 42 287 300 313 274
Significantly larger than its current size 139 73 66 31 46 41 21 15 32 39 53 24 41 62 75 26 25 128 10 93 46 41 52 56 30 26 78 22 65 74 132 7 82 57 62 77
24% 19% 31% 25% 25% 28% 16% 35% 33% 27% 18% 24% 20% 25% 27% 17% 22% 29% 7% 29% 17% 28% 30% 37% 38% 36% 19% 43% 31% 19% 24% 16% 28% 19% 20% 28%
Slightly larger 319 215 104 62 97 83 76 28 50 76 157 53 114 138 156 85 59 256 63 175 143 81 94 76 38 38 235 25 108 211 302 17 157 162 180 139
54% 57% 50% 52% 52% 57% 56% 65% 51% 53% 54% 54% 54% 55% 56% 55% 53% 58% 43% 55% 53% 56% 54% 50% 49% 52% 56% 49% 52% 56% 55% 40% 55% 54% 57% 51%
The same size as now 105 71 34 23 31 19 33 0 13 20 70 15 48 40 40 38 22 43 62 40 65 19 21 14 5 9 88 4 27 78 90 16 36 70 56 49
18% 19% 16% 19% 17% 13% 24% 0% 13% 14% 24% 16% 23% 16% 14% 25% 19% 10% 43% 13% 24% 14% 12% 9% 6% 12% 21% 8% 13% 21% 16% 37% 12% 23% 18% 18%
Slightly smaller 9 8 1 4 5 0 0 0 0 5 2 5 2 0 1 1 5 7 2 5 4 1 4 2 2 0 7 0 6 2 8 1 4 5 6 3
1% 2% 1% 3% 3% 0% 0% 0% 0% 4% 1% 5% 1% 0% *% 1% 4% 2% 1% 2% 1% *% 3% 1% 2% 0% 2% 0% 3% 1% 1% 1% 1% 2% 2% 1%
Significantly smaller 2 1 1 0 1 0 1 0 1 1 0 0 0 2 0 2 0 1 1 1 1 1 0 0 0 0 2 0 0 2 1 1 1 1 1 1
*% *% *% 0% 1% 0% 1% 0% 1% 1% 0% 0% 0% 1% 0% 1% 0% *% 1% *% *% 1% 0% 0% 0% 0% 1% 0% 0% 1% *% 2% *% *% *% *%
Don't know 14 10 3 1 5 4 4 0 2 3 7 1 3 9 6 2 1 6 7 5 9 1 4 3 3 0 8 0 2 12 12 1 8 5 9 5
2% 3% 2% 1% 2% 3% 3% 0% 2% 2% 2% 1% 1% 4% 2% 1% 1% 1% 5% 1% 3% *% 2% 2% 4% 0% 2% 0% 1% 3% 2% 3% 3% 2% 3% 2%
9520 - Understanding Growth in Small Businesses
Table 24
B5. From your personal perspective, what is the ideal size of your business in the long term - i.e. beyond the next three years - in terms of employment?
Base: Where do NOT plan to retire in the next 3 years
Size Sector Age of firm 2 yr employment growth 2 yr turnover growth Plan to grow Significant invest Sought external finance Exporter Innovation Recruit employees Senior mgrs Family owned
Total Oct-19 20-49 ABCDEF GHI JKLMN PQRS 0-4 years 5-10 years 11-20 years Over 20 yrs Increase Same Decrease Increase Same Decrease Yes No Yes No/DK/Ref Yes No/DK/Ref Any Significant Small None Export potential Any None Any None Yes No Yes No
Unweighted Bases 589 271 318 134 184 155 116 43 96 147 289 95 206 258 290 147 111 448 141 336 253 151 185 165 90 75 403 55 220 369 550 39 306 283 312 277
Weighted Bases 587 378 209 120 186 146 134 43 98 144 290 98 209 251 278 154 113 442 146 319 268 144 175 151 78 73 418 50 208 379 545 42 287 300 313 274
Significantly larger than its current size 81 50 31 14 26 29 12 8 24 24 24 17 21 38 45 17 11 77 4 54 27 21 33 28 14 14 51 15 34 47 75 6 48 33 33 48
14% 13% 15% 11% 14% 20% 9% 18% 25% 16% 8% 17% 10% 15% 16% 11% 10% 17% 3% 17% 10% 15% 19% 18% 18% 19% 12% 29% 16% 12% 14% 13% 17% 11% 11% 17%
Slightly larger 304 192 112 72 90 78 64 24 45 73 155 49 100 141 153 77 56 265 39 175 129 83 92 86 41 44 210 31 115 190 288 16 156 148 168 137
52% 51% 53% 59% 48% 53% 48% 57% 46% 51% 53% 50% 48% 56% 55% 50% 49% 60% 27% 55% 48% 58% 52% 57% 53% 61% 50% 62% 55% 50% 53% 38% 54% 49% 54% 50%
The same size as now 178 122 56 30 61 32 55 9 25 39 102 25 82 63 71 53 42 88 90 76 102 34 41 31 19 12 141 4 52 126 160 18 69 109 96 82
30% 32% 27% 25% 33% 22% 41% 20% 25% 27% 35% 25% 39% 25% 26% 34% 37% 20% 62% 24% 38% 24% 23% 21% 25% 16% 34% 9% 25% 33% 29% 42% 24% 36% 31% 30%
Slightly smaller 8 4 4 3 2 3 0 0 1 3 4 4 3 1 2 3 3 5 3 5 3 2 3 2 0 2 6 0 4 4 7 1 6 2 6 1
1% 1% 2% 3% 1% 2% 0% 0% 1% 2% 1% 4% 1% *% 1% 2% 2% 1% 2% 2% 1% 1% 2% 1% 0% 3% 1% 0% 2% 1% 1% 2% 2% 1% 2% *%
Significantly smaller 4 3 2 0 3 0 1 0 1 3 1 1 0 3 2 2 0 2 3 2 2 1 1 1 0 1 3 0 1 3 3 1 1 3 3 1
1% 1% 1% 0% 2% 0% 1% 0% 1% 2% *% 1% 0% 1% 1% 1% 0% *% 2% 1% 1% 1% *% *% 0% 1% 1% 0% 1% 1% 1% 2% *% 1% 1% *%
Don't know 13 7 5 2 3 4 2 2 2 2 5 3 2 6 4 2 1 5 7 7 5 2 5 3 3 0 7 0 3 10 11 1 8 5 7 6
2% 2% 2% 2% 2% 3% 2% 5% 2% 2% 2% 3% 1% 2% 1% 1% 1% 1% 5% 2% 2% 1% 3% 2% 4% 0% 2% 0% 1% 3% 2% 3% 3% 2% 2% 2%
9520 - Understanding Growth in Small Businesses
Table 25
B6. On a scale of 1 to 10 (with 1 being not at all and 10 being very strongly), how strongly do you as an individual desire business growth now? 
Base: Where do NOT plan to retire in the next 3 years
Size Sector Age of firm 2 yr employment growth 2 yr turnover growth Plan to grow Significant invest Sought external finance Exporter Innovation Recruit employees Senior mgrs Family owned
Total Oct-19 20-49 ABCDEF GHI JKLMN PQRS 0-4 years 5-10 years 11-20 years Over 20 yrs Increase Same Decrease Increase Same Decrease Yes No Yes No/DK/Ref Yes No/DK/Ref Any Significant Small None Export potential Any None Any None Yes No Yes No
Unweighted Bases 589 271 318 134 184 155 116 43 96 147 289 95 206 258 290 147 111 448 141 336 253 151 185 165 90 75 403 55 220 369 550 39 306 283 312 277
Weighted Bases 587 378 209 120 186 146 134 43 98 144 290 98 209 251 278 154 113 442 146 319 268 144 175 151 78 73 418 50 208 379 545 42 287 300 313 274
1 - Not at all 24 15 9 9 1 4 11 0 5 7 12 6 9 9 6 9 7 3 21 11 14 5 5 3 2 1 21 2 7 17 22 2 5 19 12 12
4% 4% 4% 7% 1% 3% 8% 0% 5% 5% 4% 6% 4% 4% 2% 6% 6% 1% 15% 3% 5% 4% 3% 2% 3% 1% 5% 4% 3% 5% 4% 6% 2% 6% 4% 5%
2 7 4 3 1 2 3 1 0 0 0 7 4 1 2 1 5 0 0 7 3 4 2 1 0 0 0 7 0 1 7 7 0 4 3 6 1
1% 1% 1% 1% 1% 2% 1% 0% 0% 0% 3% 4% *% 1% *% 3% 0% 0% 5% 1% 2% 2% *% 0% 0% 0% 2% 0% *% 2% 1% 0% 2% 1% 2% *%
3 11 8 3 3 4 2 2 0 0 1 9 4 3 3 4 3 4 2 9 5 6 2 3 2 1 2 8 2 3 8 11 0 6 4 7 4
2% 2% 1% 3% 2% 1% 1% 0% 0% 1% 3% 4% 2% 1% 1% 2% 4% *% 6% 2% 2% 2% 2% 2% 1% 2% 2% 3% 1% 2% 2% 0% 2% 1% 2% 1%
4 18 13 5 5 8 2 3 1 1 6 9 4 7 5 6 4 7 9 8 11 6 7 4 3 0 3 13 2 0 18 14 3 6 11 8 10
3% 3% 2% 4% 4% 1% 2% 3% 1% 4% 3% 4% 3% 2% 2% 3% 6% 2% 6% 4% 2% 5% 2% 2% 0% 4% 3% 4% 0% 5% 3% 8% 2% 4% 2% 4%
5 90 63 27 24 21 19 26 4 12 23 50 14 37 32 37 33 11 50 40 40 50 20 20 17 10 7 69 9 31 59 80 10 38 51 56 34
15% 17% 13% 20% 11% 13% 19% 10% 12% 16% 17% 14% 18% 13% 13% 22% 10% 11% 28% 12% 19% 14% 11% 11% 13% 10% 17% 18% 15% 16% 15% 24% 13% 17% 18% 12%
6 41 24 17 10 18 5 8 3 4 12 21 7 17 16 17 12 9 30 11 25 17 13 12 10 5 5 28 4 15 26 38 3 19 23 25 16
7% 6% 8% 8% 10% 3% 6% 8% 4% 8% 7% 7% 8% 6% 6% 8% 8% 7% 8% 8% 6% 9% 7% 7% 6% 7% 7% 7% 7% 7% 7% 7% 6% 8% 8% 6%
7 74 42 32 17 22 14 21 2 16 16 37 5 35 32 34 23 15 55 19 36 38 12 25 16 8 8 57 5 17 57 69 5 32 42 41 33
13% 11% 15% 14% 12% 10% 16% 4% 17% 11% 13% 5% 17% 13% 12% 15% 13% 13% 13% 11% 14% 8% 14% 11% 11% 11% 14% 11% 8% 15% 13% 13% 11% 14% 13% 12%
8 98 64 34 17 28 28 24 6 21 20 46 15 33 45 46 27 18 82 16 49 49 21 28 24 11 14 69 6 35 62 92 6 49 49 51 46
17% 17% 16% 14% 15% 19% 18% 15% 22% 14% 16% 15% 16% 18% 17% 18% 16% 19% 11% 15% 18% 15% 16% 16% 14% 19% 16% 12% 17% 16% 17% 14% 17% 16% 16% 17%
9 35 23 11 7 12 10 5 3 3 11 17 1 15 15 18 8 4 33 2 18 17 7 11 12 6 6 23 3 14 21 35 0 15 20 13 22
6% 6% 5% 6% 7% 7% 4% 7% 3% 8% 6% 1% 7% 6% 6% 5% 3% 7% 2% 6% 6% 5% 6% 8% 8% 8% 5% 7% 7% 5% 6% 0% 5% 7% 4% 8%
10 - Very strongly 184 118 66 28 68 58 30 23 34 46 79 37 50 90 108 28 37 174 10 120 64 53 67 60 33 27 121 17 84 101 172 12 111 73 91 93
31% 31% 32% 23% 37% 40% 22% 53% 35% 32% 27% 38% 24% 36% 39% 18% 32% 40% 7% 38% 24% 37% 38% 40% 42% 38% 29% 34% 40% 27% 32% 28% 39% 24% 29% 34%
Don't know 6 3 2 0 1 2 3 0 2 1 3 2 2 2 2 2 2 3 2 2 4 1 1 2 2 0 2 0 2 4 6 0 1 5 2 3
1% 1% 1% 0% *% 1% 2% 0% 2% 1% 1% 2% 1% 1% 1% 1% 1% 1% 2% 1% 1% 1% *% 2% 3% 0% *% 0% 1% 1% 1% 0% *% 2% 1% 1%
Base for stats 582 375 207 120 185 145 131 43 96 143 287 97 206 250 277 153 111 439 143 318 264 143 175 148 76 73 417 50 207 375 540 42 287 295 311 271
Mean 7.38 7.34 7.45 6.79 7.76 7.87 6.85 8.5 7.73 7.38 7.08 7.13 7.16 7.68 7.88 6.63 7.22 8.11 5.15 7.66 7.05 7.47 7.81 7.98 8.04 7.92 7.18 7.37 7.88 7.11 7.42 6.87 7.78 7 7.19 7.61
Standard error 0.1 0.15 0.14 0.23 0.16 0.19 0.24 0.3 0.24 0.21 0.15 0.3 0.17 0.15 0.13 0.21 0.26 0.09 0.22 0.13 0.16 0.21 0.17 0.17 0.24 0.25 0.13 0.34 0.16 0.13 0.11 0.41 0.13 0.15 0.14 0.15
9520 - Understanding Growth in Small Businesses
Table 26
B7. What actions are you taking to grow your business? 
Base: Where plan to grow business
Size Sector Age of firm 2 yr employment growth 2 yr turnover growth Plan to grow Significant invest Sought external finance Exporter Innovation Recruit employees Senior mgrs Family owned
Total Oct-19 20-49 ABCDEF GHI JKLMN PQRS 0-4 years 5-10 years 11-20 years Over 20 yrs Increase Same Decrease Increase Same Decrease Yes Yes No/DK/Ref Yes No/DK/Ref Any Significant Small None Export potential Any None Any None Yes No Yes No
Unweighted Bases 448 199 249 98 136 132 82 38 80 118 200 68 141 216 248 97 70 448 274 174 118 156 143 76 67 288 46 181 267 424 24 248 200 228 220
Weighted Bases 442 280 162 86 136 124 95 38 83 112 198 69 143 208 234 101 73 442 257 185 108 148 130 66 64 298 41 170 272 415 26 232 210 226 216
Developing marketing strategy 137 93 44 20 38 45 34 21 26 31 58 28 42 54 76 26 19 137 83 54 27 56 36 20 16 95 16 63 74 129 8 77 60 66 71
31% 33% 27% 23% 28% 36% 36% 54% 31% 27% 29% 40% 30% 26% 32% 26% 26% 31% 32% 29% 25% 38% 28% 31% 25% 32% 38% 37% 27% 31% 31% 33% 29% 29% 33%
Diversifying into new markets/seeking out new opportunities/new customers 96 55 41 21 28 30 16 7 18 29 41 16 27 50 52 24 15 96 61 35 23 38 33 15 19 57 8 39 57 90 6 59 37 44 52
22% 20% 25% 25% 21% 24% 17% 18% 22% 26% 21% 23% 19% 24% 22% 24% 20% 22% 24% 19% 21% 25% 26% 22% 29% 19% 20% 23% 21% 22% 22% 26% 18% 20% 24%
Introducing new/ significantly improved products and/or services 72 46 27 9 30 19 14 4 13 18 35 14 22 36 38 15 19 72 45 28 18 27 30 8 22 39 19 27 45 67 5 40 32 40 32
16% 16% 16% 11% 22% 16% 15% 11% 16% 16% 17% 20% 16% 17% 16% 15% 26% 16% 17% 15% 17% 18% 23% 12% 34% 13% 45% 16% 17% 16% 20% 17% 15% 18% 15%
Investing in larger/new premises/adding another site 59 41 18 9 28 11 11 8 12 13 26 8 16 32 36 8 9 59 44 15 24 20 16 4 12 42 9 32 27 57 2 31 28 32 27
13% 15% 11% 11% 21% 9% 11% 22% 15% 11% 13% 11% 11% 15% 15% 8% 12% 13% 17% 8% 22% 13% 13% 7% 19% 14% 21% 19% 10% 14% 7% 13% 13% 14% 12%
Recruiting additional staff 57 34 23 9 16 18 13 5 16 19 18 11 10 35 39 10 7 57 36 21 15 21 22 11 12 34 12 25 32 53 4 42 15 27 29
13% 12% 14% 11% 12% 15% 14% 12% 19% 17% 9% 16% 7% 17% 17% 9% 10% 13% 14% 11% 14% 14% 17% 17% 18% 11% 29% 15% 12% 13% 16% 18% 7% 12% 14%
Developing online presence 33 23 11 7 10 11 6 2 1 9 19 4 16 14 22 4 6 33 23 11 12 10 8 3 5 25 4 17 17 30 4 20 14 19 14
8% 8% 7% 8% 7% 9% 6% 6% 1% 8% 10% 6% 11% 7% 10% 4% 9% 8% 9% 6% 11% 7% 6% 5% 7% 9% 11% 10% 6% 7% 14% 8% 7% 8% 7%
Investing in job role specific training for existing staff 29 24 5 7 8 8 6 3 5 8 13 4 8 16 14 8 6 29 17 12 4 12 9 3 5 20 2 11 18 26 3 13 16 10 19
7% 8% 3% 9% 6% 6% 7% 8% 6% 7% 7% 7% 6% 8% 6% 8% 8% 7% 6% 7% 4% 8% 7% 5% 8% 7% 6% 6% 7% 6% 11% 6% 7% 5% 9%
Introducing improved processes 27 17 10 4 11 6 6 3 2 13 8 4 7 15 16 7 3 27 15 12 3 12 11 6 5 16 5 13 14 23 4 12 15 13 14
6% 6% 6% 5% 8% 5% 6% 8% 3% 12% 4% 6% 5% 7% 7% 6% 4% 6% 6% 7% 2% 8% 8% 9% 8% 5% 13% 8% 5% 6% 14% 5% 7% 6% 7%
Sourcing funds 19 13 5 2 3 5 8 3 3 6 7 4 6 7 7 5 4 19 9 10 6 3 4 0 4 15 1 5 13 19 0 12 7 5 13
4% 5% 3% 2% 2% 4% 9% 8% 3% 5% 3% 6% 4% 3% 3% 5% 6% 4% 4% 5% 5% 2% 3% 0% 6% 5% 2% 3% 5% 4% 0% 5% 3% 2% 6%
Improving business productivity/efficiency 14 12 2 2 6 4 2 1 0 3 10 3 1 9 4 6 1 14 9 6 2 6 4 3 1 9 0 1 13 14 0 8 7 9 6
3% 4% 1% 3% 4% 3% 3% 3% 0% 3% 5% 4% 1% 5% 2% 6% 2% 3% 3% 3% 2% 4% 3% 5% 1% 3% 0% 1% 5% 3% 0% 3% 3% 4% 3%
Developing export markets 12 4 7 4 1 4 2 1 1 4 5 1 1 9 6 3 1 12 10 2 5 5 6 5 1 5 1 6 6 12 0 10 2 6 6
3% 2% 5% 5% 1% 3% 3% 3% 1% 4% 3% 2% *% 4% 3% 3% 1% 3% 4% 1% 4% 3% 5% 7% 2% 2% 3% 4% 2% 3% 0% 4% 1% 3% 3%
Restructuring the business 10 5 5 4 3 2 2 0 3 2 4 0 3 8 8 0 2 10 7 3 2 5 4 4 0 6 1 3 7 10 0 7 4 5 5
2% 2% 3% 4% 2% 1% 2% 0% 3% 2% 2% 0% 2% 4% 3% 0% 3% 2% 3% 1% 2% 3% 3% 6% 0% 2% 2% 2% 3% 2% 0% 3% 2% 2% 2%
Seeking to acquire other businesses 10 4 5 1 2 4 2 1 5 2 2 1 2 7 7 2 1 10 4 6 2 2 3 2 1 7 1 2 8 10 0 4 6 2 8
2% 2% 3% 1% 1% 3% 3% 1% 6% 2% 1% 2% 1% 3% 3% 2% 1% 2% 2% 3% 2% 1% 3% 3% 2% 2% 2% 1% 3% 2% 0% 2% 3% 1% 4%
Forming new alliances/business partnerships 7 6 1 1 0 3 2 0 2 1 4 2 0 4 4 0 1 7 4 3 2 2 2 0 2 2 0 2 4 7 0 6 1 4 3
2% 2% 1% 1% 0% 3% 3% 0% 2% 1% 2% 4% 0% 2% 2% 0% 1% 2% 2% 2% 1% 2% 1% 0% 3% 1% 0% 1% 2% 2% 0% 2% 1% 2% 1%
Investing in new machinery/equipment 6 2 4 3 2 1 1 0 0 2 4 1 1 4 4 1 1 6 5 1 2 3 5 2 3 1 3 3 4 6 0 2 4 2 4
1% 1% 2% 4% 1% *% 1% 0% 0% 2% 2% 1% 1% 2% 2% 1% 2% 1% 2% 1% 2% 2% 4% 3% 5% *% 7% 2% 1% 2% 0% 1% 2% 1% 2%
Improving networking strategies 6 6 0 1 0 3 2 0 0 3 3 5 1 0 3 2 0 6 3 3 2 2 2 2 0 3 0 2 4 6 0 3 3 4 2
1% 2% 0% 1% 0% 3% 2% 0% 0% 3% 2% 7% 1% 0% 1% 2% 0% 1% 1% 2% 1% 1% 1% 2% 0% 1% 0% 1% 2% 1% 0% 1% 1% 2% 1%
Investing in Research and Development 4 2 1 4 0 0 0 0 0 2 1 2 1 1 2 1 0 4 2 1 2 1 4 4 0 0 0 2 1 4 0 4 0 0 4
1% 1% 1% 4% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 2% 1% 4% *% *% 1% 1% 0% 1% 1% 1% 2% *% 3% 6% 0% 0% 0% 1% *% 1% 0% 2% 0% 0% 2%
Other 47 27 20 5 16 14 12 7 12 11 16 7 17 21 20 12 7 47 35 12 14 21 13 8 5 34 4 21 27 43 4 20 28 23 25
11% 10% 12% 6% 11% 12% 13% 19% 15% 10% 8% 10% 12% 10% 9% 12% 9% 11% 14% 7% 13% 14% 10% 12% 8% 11% 9% 12% 10% 10% 15% 8% 13% 10% 11%
Nothing / Not sure yet 35 26 9 9 11 11 4 2 7 8 16 4 18 13 17 10 9 35 10 25 6 5 8 7 1 27 2 10 25 33 2 16 19 20 15
8% 9% 6% 11% 8% 9% 4% 4% 9% 7% 8% 6% 12% 6% 7% 9% 12% 8% 4% 13% 5% 3% 6% 10% 1% 9% 5% 6% 9% 8% 8% 7% 9% 9% 7%
Don't know / Refused 4 1 3 0 3 1 0 0 1 1 3 0 1 2 1 1 0 4 1 4 1 0 1 1 0 4 1 1 4 4 1 1 3 1 3
1% *% 2% 0% 2% 1% 0% 0% 1% 1% 2% 0% 1% 1% 1% 1% 0% 1% *% 2% 1% 0% *% 1% 0% 1% 2% *% 1% 1% 2% 1% 2% 1% 1%
9520 - Understanding Growth in Small Businesses
Table 27
Summary: C1. Capability of business
Base: All Respondents
Total 1 - Very Poor 2 - Poor 3 - Average 4 - Strong 5 - Very Strong Don't know NA Summary: Poor Summary: Strong Base for Stats Mean Standard Error
People management 601 5 26 133 278 150 3 5 31 428 593 3.91 0.04
1% 4% 22% 46% 25% 1% 1% 5% 71%
Training staff 601 9 36 132 243 177 1 4 45 420 596 3.91 0.04
1% 6% 22% 40% 29% *% 1% 7% 70%
Business plan/strategy 601 11 26 167 227 145 11 14 37 372 576 3.81 0.04
2% 4% 28% 38% 24% 2% 2% 6% 62%
Regulations 601 7 17 91 222 243 13 8 24 465 580 4.17 0.04
1% 3% 15% 37% 40% 2% 1% 4% 77%
Managing cashflow 601 5 7 62 176 343 5 3 12 519 593 4.43 0.03
1% 1% 10% 29% 57% 1% *% 2% 86%
e-commerce 601 43 89 179 92 68 20 110 132 160 471 3.11 0.05
7% 15% 30% 15% 11% 3% 18% 22% 27%
9520 - Understanding Growth in Small Businesses
Table 28
C1/1. Capability of business - People management
Base: All Respondents
Size Sector Age of firm 2 yr employment growth 2 yr turnover growth Plan to grow Significant invest Sought external finance Exporter Innovation Recruit employees Senior mgrs Family owned
Total Oct-19 20-49 ABCDEF GHI JKLMN PQRS 0-4 years 5-10 years 11-20 years Over 20 yrs Increase Same Decrease Increase Same Decrease Yes No Yes No/DK/Ref Yes No/DK/Ref Any Significant Small None Export potential Any None Any None Yes No Yes No
Unweighted Bases 601 279 322 137 190 158 116 43 96 150 298 96 214 261 295 152 113 448 153 340 261 153 187 166 90 76 414 55 222 379 561 40 310 291 322 279
Weighted Bases 601 389 212 124 192 151 134 43 98 147 301 100 217 255 285 160 114 442 159 325 276 146 178 152 78 74 431 50 212 389 558 43 292 309 324 277
1 - Very Poor 5 4 1 2 1 2 0 0 0 1 5 1 2 2 2 1 2 4 1 2 3 0 2 2 2 0 3 0 1 5 4 1 1 4 4 2
1% 1% 1% 1% 1% 1% 0% 0% 0% *% 2% 1% 1% 1% 1% *% 2% 1% 1% 1% 1% 0% 1% 1% 2% 0% 1% 0% *% 1% 1% 3% *% 1% 1% 1%
2 - Poor 26 20 6 7 5 9 6 1 7 7 12 3 13 9 15 8 4 17 9 10 16 4 7 10 5 5 16 4 5 22 21 6 16 10 12 14
4% 5% 3% 5% 2% 6% 4% 3% 7% 5% 4% 3% 6% 4% 5% 5% 3% 4% 6% 3% 6% 3% 4% 6% 6% 7% 4% 9% 2% 6% 4% 13% 5% 3% 4% 5%
3 - Average 133 84 49 28 57 32 17 6 17 34 74 21 52 53 62 42 20 100 33 82 51 34 48 51 19 32 80 16 58 75 124 9 72 61 80 53
22% 22% 23% 22% 30% 21% 13% 15% 17% 23% 25% 21% 24% 21% 22% 26% 18% 23% 21% 25% 18% 23% 27% 33% 24% 43% 19% 32% 27% 19% 22% 21% 25% 20% 25% 19%
4 - Strong 278 179 99 56 81 80 62 25 38 67 141 51 90 124 124 74 59 208 71 152 126 77 76 64 39 25 205 15 95 183 262 16 133 145 137 141
46% 46% 47% 45% 42% 53% 46% 58% 38% 46% 47% 51% 41% 48% 44% 46% 52% 47% 44% 47% 46% 52% 42% 42% 50% 34% 48% 30% 45% 47% 47% 37% 46% 47% 42% 51%
5 - Very Strong 150 98 52 30 46 27 47 10 34 38 65 23 57 63 78 35 27 108 42 75 75 32 43 25 14 12 119 15 50 100 139 11 65 85 86 64
25% 25% 25% 24% 24% 18% 35% 24% 34% 26% 22% 24% 26% 25% 27% 22% 24% 25% 26% 23% 27% 22% 24% 17% 17% 16% 28% 30% 24% 26% 25% 25% 22% 28% 27% 23%
Don't know 3 2 2 1 1 1 2 0 2 0 2 0 1 3 2 0 1 3 1 1 3 0 1 1 0 1 3 0 2 1 3 0 3 0 2 1
1% *% 1% 1% *% *% 1% 0% 2% 0% 1% 0% *% 1% 1% 0% 1% 1% *% *% 1% 0% *% *% 0% 1% 1% 0% 1% *% 1% 0% 1% 0% 1% *%
NA 5 2 2 1 2 1 1 0 2 1 2 0 3 1 1 0 1 2 3 2 3 0 2 0 0 0 4 0 1 3 4 1 1 3 3 1
1% 1% 1% 1% 1% *% 1% 0% 2% *% 1% 0% 2% *% *% 0% 1% *% 2% 1% 1% 0% 1% 0% 0% 0% 1% 0% 1% 1% 1% 2% *% 1% 1% *%
Summary: Poor 31 24 7 9 6 11 6 1 7 7 16 4 15 12 17 8 6 21 11 13 19 4 9 12 7 5 20 4 5 26 25 7 17 14 15 16
5% 6% 3% 7% 3% 7% 4% 3% 7% 5% 5% 4% 7% 5% 6% 5% 5% 5% 7% 4% 7% 3% 5% 8% 8% 7% 5% 9% 2% 7% 4% 16% 6% 5% 5% 6%
Summary: Strong 428 277 151 86 127 107 109 35 71 105 206 74 147 186 203 109 86 316 113 227 201 109 118 89 53 37 324 30 145 283 402 27 198 230 223 206
71% 71% 71% 69% 66% 71% 81% 82% 73% 71% 69% 75% 68% 73% 71% 68% 75% 71% 71% 70% 73% 74% 66% 59% 68% 49% 75% 60% 69% 73% 72% 62% 68% 75% 69% 74%
Base for stats 593 385 208 122 189 150 132 43 95 146 296 100 213 251 282 160 112 437 156 322 271 146 176 152 78 74 424 50 208 385 550 43 288 305 318 275
Mean 3.91 3.9 3.94 3.86 3.87 3.81 4.14 4.03 4.04 3.92 3.84 3.93 3.88 3.94 3.93 3.85 3.93 3.91 3.92 3.89 3.94 3.94 3.85 3.67 3.74 3.59 3.99 3.81 3.91 3.92 3.93 3.7 3.85 3.97 3.91 3.92
Standard error 0.04 0.05 0.05 0.08 0.06 0.07 0.08 0.11 0.09 0.07 0.05 0.08 0.06 0.05 0.05 0.07 0.08 0.04 0.07 0.04 0.06 0.06 0.07 0.07 0.09 0.1 0.04 0.13 0.05 0.05 0.04 0.17 0.05 0.05 0.05 0.05
9520 - Understanding Growth in Small Businesses
Table 29
C1/2. Capability of business - Training staff
Base: All Respondents
Size Sector Age of firm 2 yr employment growth 2 yr turnover growth Plan to grow Significant invest Sought external finance Exporter Innovation Recruit employees Senior mgrs Family owned
Total Oct-19 20-49 ABCDEF GHI JKLMN PQRS 0-4 years 5-10 years 11-20 years Over 20 yrs Increase Same Decrease Increase Same Decrease Yes No Yes No/DK/Ref Yes No/DK/Ref Any Significant Small None Export potential Any None Any None Yes No Yes No
Unweighted Bases 601 279 322 137 190 158 116 43 96 150 298 96 214 261 295 152 113 448 153 340 261 153 187 166 90 76 414 55 222 379 561 40 310 291 322 279
Weighted Bases 601 389 212 124 192 151 134 43 98 147 301 100 217 255 285 160 114 442 159 325 276 146 178 152 78 74 431 50 212 389 558 43 292 309 324 277
1 - Very Poor 9 6 3 2 0 2 5 0 1 1 7 1 4 4 5 2 2 7 2 7 2 1 6 3 2 2 5 0 5 4 8 1 5 3 3 6
1% 2% 1% 1% 0% 1% 4% 0% 1% 1% 2% 1% 2% 2% 2% 1% 2% 2% 1% 2% 1% 1% 3% 2% 2% 2% 1% 0% 2% 1% 1% 3% 2% 1% 1% 2%
2 - Poor 36 24 12 5 14 11 6 4 6 10 16 6 6 21 22 10 3 31 5 25 11 12 13 22 13 9 13 8 12 23 31 4 23 13 14 22
6% 6% 6% 4% 7% 7% 4% 9% 6% 7% 5% 6% 3% 8% 8% 6% 2% 7% 3% 8% 4% 8% 7% 15% 17% 13% 3% 16% 6% 6% 6% 10% 8% 4% 4% 8%
3 - Average 132 87 45 34 52 30 15 9 18 30 71 23 46 55 58 37 24 94 38 80 52 36 44 43 22 21 86 12 42 90 121 11 65 67 72 59
22% 22% 21% 28% 27% 20% 12% 21% 18% 20% 24% 23% 21% 22% 20% 23% 21% 21% 24% 25% 19% 25% 25% 28% 28% 28% 20% 24% 20% 23% 22% 24% 22% 22% 22% 21%
4 - Strong 243 156 87 50 68 73 52 21 25 65 126 44 86 98 109 69 47 176 66 121 122 56 65 54 25 29 181 17 92 151 231 12 121 122 126 117
40% 40% 41% 40% 35% 49% 39% 48% 26% 44% 42% 44% 40% 38% 38% 43% 41% 40% 42% 37% 44% 38% 37% 36% 32% 39% 42% 34% 43% 39% 41% 27% 41% 40% 39% 42%
5 - Very Strong 177 114 63 31 56 34 56 9 47 41 77 26 72 74 90 40 38 129 48 90 87 40 50 28 15 13 141 12 59 118 162 15 77 100 108 69
29% 29% 30% 25% 29% 23% 42% 22% 48% 28% 26% 26% 33% 29% 32% 25% 33% 29% 30% 28% 32% 27% 28% 19% 19% 18% 33% 24% 28% 30% 29% 35% 26% 32% 33% 25%
Don't know 1 0 1 1 1 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 1 1 0 1 0 1 1 1 1 0 1 1 1 0 1 0 1 1 1 0 1 0 0 1
*% 0% 1% 1% *% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% *% 0% *% *% 0% *% 0% *% *% *% *% 0% *% *% 1% 0% *% 0% *% *% *% 0% *% 0% 0% *%
NA 4 2 1 1 2 1 0 0 0 1 3 0 2 2 2 2 0 4 0 1 2 1 0 1 1 0 3 1 2 2 4 0 1 3 1 3
1% 1% 1% 1% 1% *% 0% 0% 0% *% 1% 0% 1% 1% 1% 1% 0% 1% 0% *% 1% 1% 0% *% 1% 0% 1% 1% 1% *% 1% 0% *% 1% *% 1%
Summary: Poor 45 30 15 7 14 13 11 4 8 11 22 7 10 25 27 11 5 38 7 32 12 13 19 26 15 11 19 8 17 28 39 6 28 16 16 28
7% 8% 7% 6% 7% 9% 8% 9% 8% 7% 7% 7% 5% 10% 9% 7% 5% 9% 4% 10% 4% 9% 11% 17% 19% 15% 4% 16% 8% 7% 7% 13% 10% 5% 5% 10%
Summary: Strong 420 270 150 80 124 108 108 30 72 106 203 70 159 172 199 109 85 306 114 211 209 96 115 82 40 42 322 29 151 269 393 27 198 222 234 186
70% 69% 71% 65% 64% 71% 81% 70% 74% 72% 68% 70% 73% 68% 70% 68% 74% 69% 72% 65% 76% 66% 64% 54% 51% 57% 75% 58% 71% 69% 70% 62% 68% 72% 72% 67%
Base for stats 596 387 209 122 189 150 134 43 98 146 296 100 215 252 283 157 114 437 159 323 273 145 178 151 77 74 427 50 209 387 553 43 291 305 323 273
Mean 3.91 3.9 3.93 3.83 3.88 3.84 4.11 3.83 4.13 3.92 3.85 3.88 4.01 3.86 3.91 3.86 4.01 3.89 3.97 3.81 4.03 3.84 3.79 3.54 3.5 3.57 4.03 3.67 3.9 3.92 3.92 3.82 3.83 3.99 4 3.81
Standard error 0.04 0.06 0.05 0.08 0.07 0.07 0.09 0.13 0.1 0.07 0.06 0.09 0.06 0.06 0.06 0.07 0.09 0.05 0.07 0.05 0.05 0.08 0.08 0.08 0.11 0.11 0.04 0.14 0.06 0.05 0.04 0.18 0.06 0.05 0.05 0.06
9520 - Understanding Growth in Small Businesses
Table 30
C1/3. Capability of business - Business plan/strategy
Base: All Respondents
Size Sector Age of firm 2 yr employment growth 2 yr turnover growth Plan to grow Significant invest Sought external finance Exporter Innovation Recruit employees Senior mgrs Family owned
Total Oct-19 20-49 ABCDEF GHI JKLMN PQRS 0-4 years 5-10 years 11-20 years Over 20 yrs Increase Same Decrease Increase Same Decrease Yes No Yes No/DK/Ref Yes No/DK/Ref Any Significant Small None Export potential Any None Any None Yes No Yes No
Unweighted Bases 601 279 322 137 190 158 116 43 96 150 298 96 214 261 295 152 113 448 153 340 261 153 187 166 90 76 414 55 222 379 561 40 310 291 322 279
Weighted Bases 601 389 212 124 192 151 134 43 98 147 301 100 217 255 285 160 114 442 159 325 276 146 178 152 78 74 431 50 212 389 558 43 292 309 324 277
1 - Very Poor 11 9 2 5 4 2 1 0 2 3 7 1 7 2 6 4 1 5 7 11 1 5 5 3 2 1 8 1 4 7 9 2 1 10 7 4
2% 2% 1% 4% 2% 1% 1% 0% 2% 2% 2% 1% 3% 1% 2% 3% 1% 1% 4% 3% *% 4% 3% 2% 3% 1% 2% 2% 2% 2% 2% 6% *% 3% 2% 1%
2 - Poor 26 18 7 5 7 11 2 0 6 8 13 4 4 17 15 10 1 21 4 12 13 7 5 12 8 4 14 2 6 20 23 3 16 9 14 12
4% 5% 4% 4% 4% 7% 2% 0% 6% 5% 4% 4% 2% 7% 5% 6% 1% 5% 3% 4% 5% 5% 3% 8% 10% 5% 3% 5% 3% 5% 4% 7% 6% 3% 4% 4%
3 - Average 167 111 56 30 55 43 39 7 30 34 91 32 68 63 78 50 35 117 50 85 82 38 47 40 18 21 125 12 50 117 158 9 80 87 83 83
28% 28% 27% 24% 29% 28% 29% 17% 31% 23% 30% 32% 31% 25% 27% 31% 31% 26% 31% 26% 30% 26% 26% 26% 23% 29% 29% 23% 23% 30% 28% 21% 27% 28% 26% 30%
4 - Strong 227 140 87 54 73 56 45 24 23 58 116 34 81 96 104 56 46 171 57 125 102 53 72 68 35 33 150 22 91 137 215 12 114 113 126 101
38% 36% 41% 44% 38% 37% 33% 57% 23% 39% 39% 34% 37% 38% 36% 35% 40% 39% 35% 38% 37% 36% 40% 45% 45% 45% 35% 43% 43% 35% 39% 29% 39% 37% 39% 36%
5 - Very Strong 145 95 50 27 44 37 37 10 35 41 58 26 49 63 73 32 29 112 33 84 61 39 45 27 13 14 114 14 55 90 132 13 73 72 81 64
24% 24% 24% 22% 23% 25% 27% 24% 36% 28% 19% 27% 23% 25% 26% 20% 25% 25% 21% 26% 22% 26% 25% 18% 17% 19% 26% 27% 26% 23% 24% 31% 25% 23% 25% 23%
Don't know 11 6 4 0 1 3 6 1 2 3 5 0 2 7 5 2 0 9 1 2 8 2 1 1 0 1 8 0 4 7 10 1 5 5 2 8
2% 2% 2% 0% 1% 2% 5% 2% 2% 2% 2% 0% 1% 3% 2% 1% 0% 2% 1% 1% 3% 1% *% *% 0% 1% 2% 0% 2% 2% 2% 1% 2% 2% 1% 3%
NA 14 9 5 2 8 0 4 0 1 1 10 2 5 7 5 6 3 7 7 5 9 3 3 1 1 0 12 0 2 12 12 3 3 12 10 4
2% 2% 2% 2% 4% 0% 3% 0% 1% 1% 3% 2% 2% 3% 2% 4% 2% 2% 5% 2% 3% 2% 1% 1% 2% 0% 3% 0% 1% 3% 2% 6% 1% 4% 3% 2%
Summary: Poor 37 27 10 10 11 12 3 0 7 10 20 6 11 19 20 14 2 26 11 23 14 12 11 15 10 5 22 3 10 27 32 5 17 20 21 16
6% 7% 4% 8% 6% 8% 2% 0% 7% 7% 7% 6% 5% 7% 7% 9% 2% 6% 7% 7% 5% 8% 6% 10% 13% 6% 5% 6% 5% 7% 6% 12% 6% 6% 6% 6%
Summary: Strong 372 236 137 81 117 93 81 35 58 99 175 60 131 159 178 88 74 282 90 209 163 91 118 96 48 47 264 35 146 226 346 26 187 185 207 165
62% 61% 65% 65% 61% 62% 61% 81% 59% 67% 58% 60% 60% 62% 62% 55% 65% 64% 56% 64% 59% 62% 66% 63% 62% 64% 61% 70% 69% 58% 62% 60% 64% 60% 64% 59%
Base for stats 576 374 202 121 183 148 124 42 95 142 286 98 210 240 275 152 112 425 151 317 259 142 175 150 77 74 411 50 206 371 536 40 284 292 312 264
Mean 3.81 3.79 3.86 3.76 3.8 3.79 3.92 4.07 3.88 3.89 3.72 3.82 3.77 3.84 3.82 3.66 3.89 3.85 3.7 3.82 3.81 3.8 3.84 3.7 3.64 3.76 3.85 3.9 3.91 3.76 3.82 3.79 3.85 3.78 3.83 3.79
Standard error 0.04 0.06 0.05 0.08 0.07 0.08 0.08 0.1 0.11 0.08 0.05 0.1 0.07 0.06 0.06 0.08 0.08 0.04 0.08 0.05 0.06 0.08 0.07 0.07 0.1 0.1 0.05 0.12 0.06 0.05 0.04 0.2 0.05 0.06 0.05 0.06
9520 - Understanding Growth in Small Businesses
Table 31
C1/4. Capability of business - Regulations
Base: All Respondents
Size Sector Age of firm 2 yr employment growth 2 yr turnover growth Plan to grow Significant invest Sought external finance Exporter Innovation Recruit employees Senior mgrs Family owned
Total Oct-19 20-49 ABCDEF GHI JKLMN PQRS 0-4 years 5-10 years 11-20 years Over 20 yrs Increase Same Decrease Increase Same Decrease Yes No Yes No/DK/Ref Yes No/DK/Ref Any Significant Small None Export potential Any None Any None Yes No Yes No
Unweighted Bases 601 279 322 137 190 158 116 43 96 150 298 96 214 261 295 152 113 448 153 340 261 153 187 166 90 76 414 55 222 379 561 40 310 291 322 279
Weighted Bases 601 389 212 124 192 151 134 43 98 147 301 100 217 255 285 160 114 442 159 325 276 146 178 152 78 74 431 50 212 389 558 43 292 309 324 277
1 - Very Poor 7 5 2 3 3 0 1 0 1 1 6 1 3 2 2 4 1 4 3 7 0 4 3 4 2 2 3 0 3 5 6 1 1 6 5 2
1% 1% 1% 2% 2% 0% 1% 0% 1% *% 2% 1% 1% 1% 1% 3% 1% 1% 2% 2% 0% 3% 2% 3% 3% 2% 1% 0% 1% 1% 1% 3% *% 2% 2% 1%
2 - Poor 17 9 8 4 6 6 2 2 6 4 5 0 9 8 8 6 3 13 4 11 6 3 8 6 4 2 10 2 6 11 15 2 10 7 10 7
3% 2% 4% 3% 3% 4% 1% 5% 6% 3% 2% 0% 4% 3% 3% 4% 2% 3% 3% 3% 2% 2% 4% 4% 5% 3% 2% 4% 3% 3% 3% 5% 3% 2% 3% 3%
3 - Average 91 60 31 23 33 19 16 6 10 23 50 10 36 41 45 26 16 66 25 52 39 26 26 29 19 9 59 9 29 62 84 7 51 40 49 42
15% 15% 15% 18% 17% 13% 12% 14% 11% 16% 17% 10% 16% 16% 16% 16% 14% 15% 15% 16% 14% 18% 15% 19% 25% 13% 14% 17% 14% 16% 15% 16% 17% 13% 15% 15%
4 - Strong 222 150 72 42 75 54 50 19 35 58 101 44 71 98 107 57 43 167 55 118 104 55 63 58 26 32 159 18 80 142 206 16 109 113 112 110
37% 39% 34% 34% 39% 36% 37% 45% 36% 40% 34% 44% 33% 39% 38% 36% 38% 38% 34% 36% 38% 38% 35% 38% 33% 43% 37% 37% 38% 36% 37% 36% 37% 37% 35% 40%
5 - Very Strong 243 158 85 49 71 67 55 14 42 58 125 43 90 98 117 60 50 177 65 131 111 56 75 51 24 27 187 20 87 155 226 17 114 129 139 104
40% 41% 40% 40% 37% 45% 41% 33% 43% 39% 42% 43% 41% 38% 41% 38% 44% 40% 41% 40% 40% 38% 42% 33% 31% 36% 44% 40% 41% 40% 41% 38% 39% 42% 43% 37%
Don't know 13 4 9 1 3 4 5 2 3 2 7 1 4 6 5 4 0 9 4 3 10 1 3 2 1 1 8 1 4 9 13 1 5 9 8 5
2% 1% 4% 1% 2% 2% 4% 4% 3% 1% 2% 1% 2% 2% 2% 2% 0% 2% 2% 1% 4% *% 2% 1% 1% 2% 2% 1% 2% 2% 2% 1% 2% 3% 2% 2%
NA 8 3 5 2 0 1 6 0 1 1 6 1 5 2 2 2 1 4 4 2 6 1 1 3 2 1 4 1 2 6 8 0 3 5 1 7
1% 1% 3% 1% 0% *% 4% 0% 1% 1% 2% 1% 2% 1% 1% 1% 1% 1% 2% 1% 2% 1% *% 2% 3% 1% 1% 2% 1% 2% 1% 0% 1% 2% *% 2%
Summary: Poor 24 14 10 7 9 6 2 2 6 5 11 1 11 10 10 10 4 17 7 18 6 7 11 10 6 4 13 2 9 15 21 3 11 13 15 9
4% 4% 5% 5% 5% 4% 2% 5% 7% 3% 4% 1% 5% 4% 3% 6% 3% 4% 4% 6% 2% 5% 6% 7% 8% 5% 3% 4% 4% 4% 4% 8% 4% 4% 5% 3%
Summary: Strong 465 308 156 91 146 122 106 33 77 116 226 87 161 196 224 118 93 345 120 249 215 112 138 109 50 59 346 39 168 297 432 32 222 242 251 214
77% 79% 74% 74% 76% 81% 79% 78% 79% 79% 75% 87% 74% 77% 79% 74% 81% 78% 75% 77% 78% 76% 77% 71% 64% 79% 80% 77% 79% 76% 78% 75% 76% 78% 77% 77%
Base for stats 580 382 197 120 189 147 124 41 94 144 287 98 208 247 278 154 113 428 152 320 260 145 175 148 75 72 418 49 205 374 537 43 284 295 315 265
Mean 4.17 4.17 4.16 4.08 4.08 4.25 4.28 4.1 4.19 4.17 4.16 4.3 4.14 4.14 4.18 4.07 4.22 4.17 4.15 4.11 4.23 4.08 4.14 3.99 3.86 4.11 4.24 4.16 4.19 4.15 4.18 4.03 4.14 4.19 4.17 4.16
Standard error 0.04 0.05 0.05 0.08 0.07 0.07 0.08 0.13 0.1 0.07 0.05 0.08 0.07 0.05 0.05 0.08 0.08 0.04 0.08 0.05 0.05 0.08 0.07 0.08 0.11 0.11 0.04 0.12 0.06 0.05 0.04 0.16 0.05 0.05 0.05 0.05
9520 - Understanding Growth in Small Businesses
Table 32
C1/5. Capability of business - Managing cashflow
Base: All Respondents
Size Sector Age of firm 2 yr employment growth 2 yr turnover growth Plan to grow Significant invest Sought external finance Exporter Innovation Recruit employees Senior mgrs Family owned
Total Oct-19 20-49 ABCDEF GHI JKLMN PQRS 0-4 years 5-10 years 11-20 years Over 20 yrs Increase Same Decrease Increase Same Decrease Yes No Yes No/DK/Ref Yes No/DK/Ref Any Significant Small None Export potential Any None Any None Yes No Yes No
Unweighted Bases 601 279 322 137 190 158 116 43 96 150 298 96 214 261 295 152 113 448 153 340 261 153 187 166 90 76 414 55 222 379 561 40 310 291 322 279
Weighted Bases 601 389 212 124 192 151 134 43 98 147 301 100 217 255 285 160 114 442 159 325 276 146 178 152 78 74 431 50 212 389 558 43 292 309 324 277
1 - Very Poor 5 4 1 0 5 1 0 2 0 0 3 1 0 2 3 0 1 4 1 4 1 0 4 3 0 3 3 1 3 2 5 0 3 2 5 1
1% 1% 1% 0% 2% *% 0% 5% 0% 0% 1% 1% 0% 1% 1% 0% *% 1% 1% 1% *% 0% 2% 2% 0% 3% 1% 3% 2% *% 1% 0% 1% 1% 1% *%
2 - Poor 7 3 4 1 0 5 2 1 4 1 2 0 4 2 4 3 0 7 0 2 5 2 0 5 3 2 2 1 1 6 5 2 6 1 1 7
1% 1% 2% 1% 0% 3% 1% 1% 4% 1% 1% 0% 2% 1% 1% 2% 0% 2% 0% 1% 2% 1% 0% 3% 4% 2% *% 2% 1% 1% 1% 5% 2% *% *% 2%
3 - Average 62 43 19 15 18 18 11 2 10 22 27 8 24 27 30 17 12 43 18 39 23 24 15 12 9 3 48 3 21 40 56 5 30 32 43 19
10% 11% 9% 12% 9% 12% 8% 6% 10% 15% 9% 8% 11% 11% 11% 11% 11% 10% 12% 12% 8% 16% 8% 8% 12% 4% 11% 6% 10% 10% 10% 12% 10% 10% 13% 7%
4 - Strong 176 114 62 32 50 40 54 9 30 43 90 31 65 74 81 49 36 124 51 87 88 39 48 55 18 36 115 15 67 109 166 10 91 85 79 96
29% 29% 29% 26% 26% 27% 40% 22% 31% 29% 30% 31% 30% 29% 28% 31% 31% 28% 32% 27% 32% 27% 27% 36% 23% 49% 27% 30% 32% 28% 30% 23% 31% 28% 24% 35%
5 - Very Strong 343 222 121 76 118 84 65 28 52 81 173 61 121 145 166 90 65 257 86 191 152 81 110 76 46 30 258 30 117 226 318 25 158 185 194 149
57% 57% 57% 61% 61% 56% 49% 66% 53% 55% 57% 61% 56% 57% 58% 57% 57% 58% 54% 59% 55% 55% 62% 50% 59% 41% 60% 60% 55% 58% 57% 58% 54% 60% 60% 54%
Don't know 5 1 4 0 2 3 1 0 1 1 4 0 1 2 2 0 1 4 2 2 3 1 2 2 1 1 3 0 2 4 5 1 3 3 2 3
1% *% 2% 0% 1% 2% 1% 0% 1% *% 1% 0% 1% 1% 1% 0% *% 1% 1% 1% 1% *% 1% 1% 1% 1% 1% 0% 1% 1% 1% 1% 1% 1% 1% 1%
NA 3 2 1 0 0 1 2 0 1 0 2 0 1 2 0 0 1 2 1 0 3 0 0 1 1 0 2 0 1 2 3 0 2 1 0 3
*% *% 1% 0% 0% *% 2% 0% 1% 0% 1% 0% *% 1% 0% 0% *% *% 1% 0% 1% 0% 0% *% 1% 0% *% 0% *% 1% 1% 0% 1% *% 0% 1%
Summary: Poor 12 7 5 1 5 5 2 3 4 1 5 1 4 4 7 3 1 11 1 6 6 2 4 7 3 4 4 2 5 8 10 2 9 3 5 7
2% 2% 2% 1% 2% 4% 1% 6% 4% 1% 2% 1% 2% 2% 2% 2% *% 2% 1% 2% 2% 1% 2% 5% 4% 6% 1% 4% 2% 2% 2% 5% 3% 1% 2% 3%
Summary: Strong 519 336 182 108 168 124 119 38 82 124 263 91 187 219 247 140 100 382 137 278 241 120 158 130 64 66 373 45 183 335 483 35 249 270 273 245
86% 86% 86% 87% 87% 82% 88% 88% 84% 84% 87% 91% 86% 86% 87% 87% 88% 86% 86% 86% 87% 82% 89% 86% 82% 89% 87% 90% 87% 86% 87% 81% 85% 87% 84% 88%
Base for stats 593 386 206 124 190 148 131 43 96 146 295 100 215 250 284 160 113 436 157 323 270 146 177 150 76 74 426 50 209 383 550 43 288 305 321 271
Mean 4.43 4.42 4.44 4.48 4.46 4.37 4.39 4.44 4.36 4.39 4.45 4.51 4.41 4.43 4.42 4.42 4.45 4.43 4.4 4.42 4.43 4.36 4.47 4.31 4.4 4.22 4.47 4.44 4.39 4.44 4.43 4.36 4.37 4.48 4.42 4.43
Standard error 0.03 0.05 0.04 0.06 0.06 0.07 0.07 0.15 0.09 0.06 0.05 0.07 0.05 0.05 0.05 0.06 0.07 0.04 0.06 0.04 0.05 0.07 0.06 0.07 0.09 0.1 0.04 0.12 0.06 0.04 0.03 0.14 0.05 0.04 0.05 0.05
9520 - Understanding Growth in Small Businesses
Table 33
C1/6. Capability of business - e-commerce
Base: All Respondents
Size Sector Age of firm 2 yr employment growth 2 yr turnover growth Plan to grow Significant invest Sought external finance Exporter Innovation Recruit employees Senior mgrs Family owned
Total Oct-19 20-49 ABCDEF GHI JKLMN PQRS 0-4 years 5-10 years 11-20 years Over 20 yrs Increase Same Decrease Increase Same Decrease Yes No Yes No/DK/Ref Yes No/DK/Ref Any Significant Small None Export potential Any None Any None Yes No Yes No
Unweighted Bases 601 279 322 137 190 158 116 43 96 150 298 96 214 261 295 152 113 448 153 340 261 153 187 166 90 76 414 55 222 379 561 40 310 291 322 279
Weighted Bases 601 389 212 124 192 151 134 43 98 147 301 100 217 255 285 160 114 442 159 325 276 146 178 152 78 74 431 50 212 389 558 43 292 309 324 277
1 - Very Poor 43 30 13 13 15 11 4 3 5 11 23 5 18 19 14 18 8 32 11 25 19 11 14 13 8 6 30 1 4 40 41 2 16 27 23 20
7% 8% 6% 10% 8% 7% 3% 7% 5% 7% 8% 5% 8% 8% 5% 11% 7% 7% 7% 8% 7% 7% 8% 9% 10% 8% 7% 3% 2% 10% 7% 6% 5% 9% 7% 7%
2 - Poor 89 60 29 20 23 20 26 4 13 21 47 21 30 35 45 29 12 58 31 58 31 27 31 20 11 10 67 6 31 57 83 5 55 34 50 39
15% 15% 14% 16% 12% 13% 19% 10% 13% 15% 16% 21% 14% 14% 16% 18% 10% 13% 19% 18% 11% 18% 17% 13% 14% 13% 16% 12% 15% 15% 15% 12% 19% 11% 15% 14%
3 - Average 179 117 62 40 62 43 34 13 25 39 98 21 70 80 89 50 29 147 32 96 83 45 51 46 18 28 127 19 64 116 162 17 95 84 97 82
30% 30% 29% 33% 32% 29% 25% 31% 26% 27% 33% 21% 32% 32% 31% 31% 26% 33% 20% 30% 30% 31% 28% 30% 23% 38% 29% 37% 30% 30% 29% 39% 33% 27% 30% 30%
4 - Strong 92 48 43 20 26 22 24 4 12 29 46 16 35 38 45 19 25 64 28 47 44 21 26 32 19 13 58 9 38 54 86 5 46 45 48 44
15% 12% 20% 16% 13% 15% 18% 9% 12% 20% 15% 16% 16% 15% 16% 12% 22% 14% 17% 15% 16% 14% 15% 21% 24% 17% 13% 17% 18% 14% 15% 13% 16% 15% 15% 16%
5 - Very Strong 68 49 19 7 27 20 13 11 18 13 26 16 24 21 33 14 12 52 16 38 30 15 23 20 9 11 44 9 25 43 59 9 26 42 36 32
11% 13% 9% 6% 14% 13% 10% 25% 18% 9% 9% 16% 11% 8% 11% 9% 10% 12% 10% 12% 11% 10% 13% 13% 11% 15% 10% 17% 12% 11% 11% 20% 9% 14% 11% 11%
Don't know 20 15 5 5 2 3 10 0 6 1 13 3 4 13 6 5 6 16 4 9 11 4 5 4 1 3 14 1 10 9 20 0 13 7 11 9
3% 4% 3% 4% 1% 2% 7% 0% 6% *% 4% 3% 2% 5% 2% 3% 5% 4% 2% 3% 4% 2% 3% 2% 1% 4% 3% 3% 5% 2% 4% 0% 4% 2% 3% 3%
NA 110 71 40 18 37 31 24 8 19 33 47 18 37 48 53 25 22 73 37 52 58 24 28 17 14 4 91 6 40 70 106 4 40 70 60 51
18% 18% 19% 15% 19% 21% 18% 18% 19% 23% 16% 18% 17% 19% 19% 16% 20% 17% 23% 16% 21% 16% 16% 11% 17% 5% 21% 12% 19% 18% 19% 10% 14% 23% 18% 18%
Summary: Poor 132 90 42 32 38 31 30 7 18 32 71 25 48 54 59 47 20 90 42 83 49 37 45 34 18 15 97 7 35 97 124 8 71 61 72 59
22% 23% 20% 26% 20% 21% 22% 17% 18% 22% 24% 25% 22% 21% 21% 29% 17% 20% 26% 25% 18% 26% 25% 22% 24% 21% 22% 14% 16% 25% 22% 18% 24% 20% 22% 21%
Summary: Strong 160 97 62 28 53 42 37 15 30 42 72 33 59 60 77 33 37 116 44 85 75 36 49 52 28 24 102 17 63 97 145 14 73 87 84 76
27% 25% 29% 22% 28% 28% 27% 34% 30% 29% 24% 33% 27% 23% 27% 21% 32% 26% 27% 26% 27% 25% 28% 34% 35% 32% 24% 34% 30% 25% 26% 33% 25% 28% 26% 27%
Base for stats 471 304 167 100 153 117 100 35 73 113 241 79 177 194 226 130 86 353 118 264 207 119 145 131 64 68 326 43 161 310 432 39 239 232 253 217
Mean 3.11 3.09 3.15 2.9 3.18 3.17 3.15 3.44 3.33 3.11 3.02 3.24 3.09 3.04 3.16 2.87 3.24 3.13 3.05 3.06 3.18 3.03 3.08 3.18 3.16 3.2 3.06 3.4 3.3 3.01 3.09 3.33 3.05 3.18 3.1 3.13
Standard error 0.05 0.08 0.07 0.1 0.1 0.11 0.12 0.22 0.14 0.11 0.07 0.14 0.09 0.08 0.07 0.1 0.12 0.06 0.11 0.07 0.08 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.14 0.14 0.06 0.15 0.08 0.07 0.05 0.2 0.07 0.08 0.07 0.08
9520 - Understanding Growth in Small Businesses
Table 34
C2. If you have a written business plan has it been reviewed in the last 12 months?
Base: All Respondents
Size Sector Age of firm 2 yr employment growth 2 yr turnover growth Plan to grow Significant invest Sought external finance Exporter Innovation Recruit employees Senior mgrs Family owned
Total Oct-19 20-49 ABCDEF GHI JKLMN PQRS 0-4 years 5-10 years 11-20 years Over 20 yrs Increase Same Decrease Increase Same Decrease Yes No Yes No/DK/Ref Yes No/DK/Ref Any Significant Small None Export potential Any None Any None Yes No Yes No
Unweighted Bases 601 279 322 137 190 158 116 43 96 150 298 96 214 261 295 152 113 448 153 340 261 153 187 166 90 76 414 55 222 379 561 40 310 291 322 279
Weighted Bases 601 389 212 124 192 151 134 43 98 147 301 100 217 255 285 160 114 442 159 325 276 146 178 152 78 74 431 50 212 389 558 43 292 309 324 277
Have a business plan AND reviewed in last 12 months 324 199 125 55 83 96 91 28 56 82 156 55 98 153 164 69 68 253 71 190 134 86 104 89 47 42 226 26 135 189 304 20 173 151 156 168
54% 51% 59% 44% 43% 63% 68% 65% 57% 56% 52% 56% 45% 60% 58% 43% 59% 57% 45% 58% 49% 59% 58% 58% 60% 57% 53% 52% 64% 49% 55% 46% 59% 49% 48% 61%
Have a business plan BUT NOT reviewed in last 12 months 53 38 15 9 23 11 10 8 6 13 25 13 15 22 25 12 11 39 14 24 30 13 10 9 3 6 43 8 17 36 49 4 31 22 32 21
9% 10% 7% 7% 12% 7% 7% 18% 6% 9% 8% 13% 7% 9% 9% 8% 10% 9% 9% 7% 11% 9% 6% 6% 4% 8% 10% 15% 8% 9% 9% 9% 11% 7% 10% 8%
No - Do not have a written business plan 205 143 63 58 78 40 29 7 31 48 113 31 96 72 88 73 35 135 70 105 100 45 61 53 27 26 151 16 55 150 186 19 81 124 129 77
34% 37% 30% 47% 41% 27% 22% 17% 31% 32% 38% 31% 44% 28% 31% 46% 30% 31% 44% 32% 36% 31% 34% 35% 35% 35% 35% 32% 26% 39% 33% 44% 28% 40% 40% 28%
Don't know 18 10 8 2 8 4 4 0 5 4 6 1 8 8 8 5 1 15 4 6 12 3 3 1 1 0 11 1 4 14 18 1 8 11 7 11
3% 3% 4% 1% 4% 3% 3% 0% 5% 3% 2% 1% 4% 3% 3% 3% 1% 3% 2% 2% 4% 2% 2% 1% 2% 0% 3% 1% 2% 4% 3% 1% 3% 3% 2% 4%
9520 - Understanding Growth in Small Businesses
Table 35
D1. I am going to read you a list of issues, and for each I would like you to tell me which, if any, represent obstacles to your business growing.
Base: All Respondents
Size Sector Age of firm 2 yr employment growth 2 yr turnover growth Plan to grow Significant invest Sought external finance Exporter Innovation Recruit employees Senior mgrs Family owned
Total Oct-19 20-49 ABCDEF GHI JKLMN PQRS 0-4 years 5-10 years 11-20 years Over 20 yrs Increase Same Decrease Increase Same Decrease Yes No Yes No/DK/Ref Yes No/DK/Ref Any Significant Small None Export potential Any None Any None Yes No Yes No
Unweighted Bases 601 279 322 137 190 158 116 43 96 150 298 96 214 261 295 152 113 448 153 340 261 153 187 166 90 76 414 55 222 379 561 40 310 291 322 279
Weighted Bases 601 389 212 124 192 151 134 43 98 147 301 100 217 255 285 160 114 442 159 325 276 146 178 152 78 74 431 50 212 389 558 43 292 309 324 277
The economy 349 228 120 78 106 88 76 24 47 93 174 71 126 137 146 90 86 259 89 191 158 99 92 87 46 41 253 29 129 219 324 25 171 178 190 158
58% 59% 57% 63% 55% 59% 57% 56% 48% 63% 58% 71% 58% 54% 51% 57% 75% 59% 56% 59% 57% 68% 51% 57% 59% 55% 59% 57% 61% 56% 58% 57% 58% 58% 59% 57%
Regulations 305 206 99 65 112 66 60 21 47 71 159 49 112 130 142 86 57 218 87 177 127 83 94 69 37 32 231 24 112 193 284 20 149 156 181 123
51% 53% 47% 53% 59% 44% 45% 49% 48% 49% 53% 49% 52% 51% 50% 54% 50% 49% 54% 55% 46% 57% 53% 45% 47% 43% 54% 48% 53% 49% 51% 46% 51% 51% 56% 45%
Competition in the market 301 200 101 72 110 71 48 20 44 74 157 57 117 112 133 79 74 230 71 174 127 80 94 86 43 42 211 24 109 192 282 19 144 157 175 126
50% 51% 48% 58% 57% 47% 36% 47% 45% 50% 52% 57% 54% 44% 47% 49% 65% 52% 44% 54% 46% 55% 53% 56% 56% 57% 49% 48% 52% 49% 51% 44% 49% 51% 54% 45%
Taxation, VAT, PAYE, National Insurance, Business Rates 296 211 85 57 118 71 50 24 45 65 155 40 117 125 142 77 60 213 83 176 120 80 96 75 37 38 216 28 110 186 277 19 132 164 185 111
49% 54% 40% 46% 61% 47% 37% 56% 46% 44% 51% 40% 54% 49% 50% 48% 52% 48% 52% 54% 43% 54% 54% 49% 47% 51% 50% 55% 52% 48% 50% 43% 45% 53% 57% 40%
Recruiting staff 262 183 79 62 85 75 41 16 44 69 130 45 95 110 128 74 47 195 68 160 102 69 92 69 32 37 188 29 103 159 247 16 125 137 152 110
44% 47% 38% 50% 44% 50% 30% 37% 45% 47% 43% 45% 44% 43% 45% 46% 41% 44% 43% 49% 37% 47% 51% 46% 41% 50% 44% 57% 49% 41% 44% 36% 43% 44% 47% 40%
Shortage of skills generally 233 154 79 59 78 64 32 25 28 63 113 38 87 95 110 60 47 176 57 144 89 62 82 59 35 24 171 19 89 144 222 11 123 110 136 98
39% 40% 37% 48% 41% 42% 24% 58% 29% 43% 38% 38% 40% 37% 39% 38% 41% 40% 36% 44% 32% 43% 46% 39% 45% 33% 40% 37% 42% 37% 40% 26% 42% 36% 42% 35%
Cash flow 192 130 62 45 55 46 46 13 39 53 84 34 68 84 88 48 45 154 38 105 87 58 47 47 25 22 137 13 69 122 179 12 89 103 107 85
32% 33% 29% 37% 29% 30% 34% 30% 40% 36% 28% 34% 31% 33% 31% 30% 39% 35% 24% 32% 31% 40% 26% 31% 32% 29% 32% 27% 33% 31% 32% 29% 30% 33% 33% 30%
Pensions 155 106 48 37 53 33 33 7 18 46 77 32 47 69 79 41 30 103 52 86 68 53 34 32 12 20 119 14 55 100 144 11 77 77 90 65
26% 27% 23% 30% 28% 22% 24% 17% 18% 31% 26% 32% 22% 27% 28% 26% 26% 23% 32% 27% 25% 36% 19% 21% 16% 26% 28% 28% 26% 26% 26% 26% 27% 25% 28% 23%
Obtaining finance 150 104 45 28 55 29 37 15 36 42 53 25 52 63 69 37 34 119 31 92 57 60 32 38 19 19 107 7 54 96 137 13 73 76 75 74
25% 27% 21% 23% 28% 20% 28% 34% 37% 29% 18% 25% 24% 25% 24% 23% 30% 27% 19% 28% 21% 41% 18% 25% 24% 25% 25% 14% 25% 25% 25% 29% 25% 25% 23% 27%
Availability / cost of suitable premises 146 97 49 23 54 34 35 16 25 41 63 24 46 69 69 42 25 102 44 89 57 47 43 31 11 21 112 15 66 80 137 9 71 75 83 63
24% 25% 23% 19% 28% 23% 26% 37% 26% 28% 21% 24% 21% 27% 24% 26% 22% 23% 28% 27% 21% 32% 24% 21% 13% 28% 26% 29% 31% 21% 25% 22% 24% 24% 26% 23%
Shortage of managerial skills / expertise 142 93 49 36 47 37 21 13 16 33 78 20 58 55 75 33 25 105 37 87 55 40 46 40 19 21 100 18 57 85 135 7 74 68 74 68
24% 24% 23% 29% 25% 25% 16% 29% 16% 22% 26% 20% 27% 22% 26% 21% 22% 24% 23% 27% 20% 28% 26% 26% 24% 28% 23% 35% 27% 22% 24% 17% 25% 22% 23% 25%
Red tape/planning 9 7 2 2 4 2 2 0 2 1 6 0 3 6 7 1 1 5 4 7 2 5 2 2 0 2 7 1 6 3 9 0 5 4 8 1
1% 2% 1% 1% 2% 1% 1% 0% 2% *% 2% 0% 1% 2% 2% 1% 1% 1% 2% 2% 1% 4% 1% 1% 0% 3% 2% 2% 3% 1% 2% 0% 2% 1% 2% *%
Staff work ethics 6 5 1 0 4 2 0 0 3 0 1 0 1 5 5 0 1 4 2 5 1 1 3 1 0 1 5 1 4 2 6 0 1 5 3 3
1% 1% *% 0% 2% 1% 0% 0% 3% 0% *% 0% 1% 2% 2% 0% 1% 1% 1% 1% *% 1% 2% 1% 0% 2% 1% 3% 2% *% 1% 0% *% 2% 1% 1%
Issues with the government 5 3 2 1 0 3 1 2 1 2 1 3 1 2 2 1 3 3 3 2 4 0 2 2 2 0 4 0 2 3 5 0 2 4 0 5
1% 1% 1% 1% 0% 2% 1% 4% 1% 2% *% 3% *% 1% 1% *% 2% 1% 2% *% 1% 0% 1% 1% 2% 0% 1% 0% 1% 1% 1% 0% 1% 1% 0% 2%
Transport/parking problems 4 4 0 2 1 0 0 0 0 1 2 1 0 2 2 0 1 2 1 2 1 0 2 1 1 0 2 0 0 4 2 1 2 1 2 1
1% 1% 0% 2% 1% 0% 0% 0% 0% 1% 1% 1% 0% 1% 1% 0% 1% 1% 1% 1% *% 0% 1% 1% 2% 0% 1% 0% 0% 1% *% 3% 1% *% 1% *%
Other 28 19 9 6 10 1 12 1 2 4 21 5 10 13 14 6 4 25 4 17 11 8 10 7 4 3 21 3 9 19 26 2 14 15 11 17
5% 5% 4% 4% 5% 1% 9% 2% 2% 3% 7% 5% 4% 5% 5% 4% 4% 6% 2% 5% 4% 5% 5% 4% 5% 3% 5% 5% 4% 5% 5% 6% 5% 5% 4% 6%
No obstacles 30 15 16 1 10 5 14 2 3 5 20 3 14 12 16 8 3 16 15 13 17 8 5 4 1 2 25 1 4 26 26 4 11 20 11 19
5% 4% 7% 1% 5% 4% 10% 4% 3% 4% 6% 3% 6% 5% 5% 5% 3% 4% 9% 4% 6% 5% 3% 2% 2% 3% 6% 2% 2% 7% 5% 9% 4% 6% 3% 7%
No opinion 3 3 0 0 1 0 2 0 2 0 1 0 2 0 0 2 0 1 2 0 3 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 2 1 3 0 0 3 2 1
*% 1% 0% 0% 1% 0% 1% 0% 2% 0% *% 0% 1% 0% 0% 1% 0% *% 1% 0% 1% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% *% 0% 1% *% 1% 0% 0% 1% *% *%
9520 - Understanding Growth in Small Businesses
Table 36
D2. And which currently represents the biggest obstacle to your business growing?
Base: All Respondents
Size Sector Age of firm 2 yr employment growth 2 yr turnover growth Plan to grow Significant invest Sought external finance Exporter Innovation Recruit employees Senior mgrs Family owned
Total Oct-19 20-49 ABCDEF GHI JKLMN PQRS 0-4 years 5-10 years 11-20 years Over 20 yrs Increase Same Decrease Increase Same Decrease Yes No Yes No/DK/Ref Yes No/DK/Ref Any Significant Small None Export potential Any None Any None Yes No Yes No
Unweighted Bases 601 279 322 137 190 158 116 43 96 150 298 96 214 261 295 152 113 448 153 340 261 153 187 166 90 76 414 55 222 379 561 40 310 291 322 279
Weighted Bases 601 389 212 124 192 151 134 43 98 147 301 100 217 255 285 160 114 442 159 325 276 146 178 152 78 74 431 50 212 389 558 43 292 309 324 277
The economy 108 63 45 25 28 23 32 5 14 24 60 29 30 45 42 30 28 85 23 59 49 34 25 26 14 12 78 6 40 68 102 6 56 52 49 59
18% 16% 21% 20% 15% 15% 24% 11% 14% 16% 20% 29% 14% 18% 15% 19% 24% 19% 15% 18% 18% 24% 14% 17% 18% 16% 18% 13% 19% 18% 18% 15% 19% 17% 15% 21%
Competition in the market 81 53 28 15 34 24 9 8 10 21 41 9 32 32 37 22 16 67 14 40 40 16 24 22 9 13 56 6 34 47 73 7 43 37 53 28
13% 14% 13% 12% 17% 16% 7% 19% 10% 14% 14% 9% 15% 13% 13% 14% 14% 15% 9% 12% 15% 11% 14% 14% 11% 18% 13% 13% 16% 12% 13% 17% 15% 12% 16% 10%
Recruiting staff 69 50 18 14 20 25 10 2 8 25 32 13 27 28 35 24 8 53 16 35 34 11 24 20 10 10 48 11 26 43 64 4 34 34 36 33
11% 13% 9% 11% 10% 17% 7% 6% 9% 17% 11% 13% 12% 11% 12% 15% 7% 12% 10% 11% 12% 8% 13% 13% 12% 14% 11% 21% 12% 11% 11% 10% 12% 11% 11% 12%
Regulations 58 39 18 11 16 18 13 6 10 12 30 9 19 28 32 16 6 36 22 31 27 12 19 17 13 4 41 3 22 36 54 4 29 29 33 25
10% 10% 9% 9% 8% 12% 10% 13% 10% 8% 10% 9% 9% 11% 11% 10% 5% 8% 14% 10% 10% 8% 11% 11% 16% 6% 10% 6% 11% 9% 10% 10% 10% 9% 10% 9%
Taxation, VAT, PAYE, National Insurance, Business Rates 47 32 16 5 25 9 8 5 13 9 16 6 21 17 29 8 5 38 9 23 24 11 12 10 4 5 36 3 15 32 44 3 15 32 29 18
8% 8% 7% 4% 13% 6% 6% 11% 13% 6% 5% 6% 10% 6% 10% 5% 5% 9% 6% 7% 9% 7% 7% 6% 5% 7% 8% 6% 7% 8% 8% 7% 5% 10% 9% 6%
Shortage of skills generally 39 25 14 12 16 9 2 6 4 5 23 5 15 17 19 10 7 28 12 28 11 12 17 11 6 4 29 4 15 24 39 1 22 18 26 13
7% 6% 7% 10% 8% 6% 2% 14% 4% 4% 8% 5% 7% 7% 7% 6% 6% 6% 7% 9% 4% 8% 9% 7% 8% 6% 7% 8% 7% 6% 7% 2% 7% 6% 8% 5%
Cash flow 39 24 15 12 9 11 7 1 10 11 15 8 11 20 14 9 14 29 10 22 17 12 10 10 5 6 24 3 13 26 34 5 19 20 18 20
6% 6% 7% 9% 5% 7% 5% 3% 11% 7% 5% 8% 5% 8% 5% 5% 12% 7% 6% 7% 6% 8% 6% 7% 6% 8% 6% 7% 6% 7% 6% 11% 6% 6% 6% 7%
Obtaining finance 32 20 13 8 6 7 11 2 8 11 11 4 13 13 11 10 9 28 5 22 11 15 7 9 6 3 23 2 9 23 32 0 14 18 13 19
5% 5% 6% 6% 3% 5% 8% 5% 8% 8% 4% 4% 6% 5% 4% 6% 8% 6% 3% 7% 4% 10% 4% 6% 8% 4% 5% 4% 4% 6% 6% 0% 5% 6% 4% 7%
Availability / cost of suitable premises 29 18 11 4 11 5 10 4 3 11 12 3 11 12 16 9 1 16 14 15 15 5 9 6 0 6 22 3 7 22 27 3 14 15 18 11
5% 5% 5% 3% 6% 3% 7% 9% 3% 7% 4% 3% 5% 5% 6% 6% *% 4% 8% 5% 5% 4% 5% 4% 0% 8% 5% 6% 3% 6% 5% 6% 5% 5% 6% 4%
Shortage of managerial skills / expertise 15 11 4 5 5 2 3 0 3 4 8 1 10 3 6 3 6 7 8 6 9 2 4 5 3 1 10 1 2 13 15 0 9 6 9 6
2% 3% 2% 4% 2% 1% 2% 0% 3% 2% 3% 1% 5% 1% 2% 2% 5% 2% 5% 2% 3% 1% 3% 3% 4% 2% 2% 2% 1% 3% 3% 0% 3% 2% 3% 2%
Pensions 10 9 1 3 1 5 0 0 1 3 6 3 0 6 5 2 2 9 1 5 5 2 3 3 1 2 7 2 5 4 8 1 7 2 5 4
2% 2% 1% 2% 1% 4% 0% 0% 1% 2% 2% 3% 0% 2% 2% 2% 2% 2% 1% 2% 2% 1% 2% 2% 1% 3% 2% 3% 2% 1% 2% 3% 2% 1% 2% 2%
Transport/parking problems 1 1 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 1 1 0 0 1 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 1 1 0 1 0 1 0
*% *% 0% 0% 1% 0% 0% 0% 0% 1% 0% 0% 0% 1% *% 0% 0% *% 0% 0% *% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% *% 0% 0% *% *% 0% *% 0% *% 0%
Other 32 23 9 8 7 6 11 1 10 2 19 8 10 15 16 5 9 24 8 20 12 6 14 9 5 4 23 5 14 18 30 2 12 20 13 19
5% 6% 4% 6% 4% 4% 8% 1% 10% 2% 6% 8% 4% 6% 6% 3% 8% 5% 5% 6% 4% 4% 8% 6% 7% 5% 5% 10% 7% 5% 5% 6% 4% 6% 4% 7%
No obstacles 30 15 16 1 10 5 14 2 3 5 20 3 14 12 16 8 3 16 15 13 17 8 5 4 1 2 25 1 4 26 26 4 11 20 11 19
5% 4% 7% 1% 5% 4% 10% 4% 3% 4% 6% 3% 6% 5% 5% 5% 3% 4% 9% 4% 6% 5% 3% 2% 2% 3% 6% 2% 2% 7% 5% 9% 4% 6% 3% 7%
Don't Know 11 7 4 2 4 1 4 1 2 2 6 0 4 5 5 3 1 7 4 5 6 2 3 1 1 1 8 0 5 6 9 2 4 7 8 2
2% 2% 2% 1% 2% 1% 3% 3% 2% 1% 2% 0% 2% 2% 2% 2% 1% 2% 3% 2% 2% 1% 2% 1% 1% 1% 2% 0% 2% 2% 2% 4% 1% 2% 3% 1%
9520 - Understanding Growth in Small Businesses
Table 37
D5. Which of the following steps, if any, have you taken in the last 5 years to improve your business's cash-flow? Have you...  
Base: Where cashflow is an obstacle
Size Sector Age of firm 2 yr employment growth 2 yr turnover growth Plan to grow Significant invest Sought external finance Exporter Innovation Recruit employees Senior mgrs Family owned
Total Oct-19 20-49 ABCDEF GHI JKLMN PQRS 0-4 years 5-10 years 11-20 years Over 20 yrs Increase Same Decrease Increase Same Decrease Yes No Yes No/DK/Ref Yes No/DK/Ref Any Significant Small None Export potential Any None Any None Yes No Yes No
Unweighted Bases 187 93 94 48 55 46 38 13 39 53 79 31 69 82 87 49 42 148 39 104 83 58 46 48 27 21 131 14 67 120 175 12 89 98 102 85
Weighted Bases 192 130 62 45 55 46 46 13 39 53 84 34 68 84 88 48 45 154 38 105 87 58 47 47 25 22 137 13 69 122 179 12 89 103 107 85
Changed suppliers to decrease costs 117 80 37 27 38 21 31 9 21 34 52 18 42 55 56 24 31 98 19 63 54 38 26 32 16 16 83 7 52 65 113 4 52 65 65 52
61% 62% 59% 59% 69% 46% 68% 67% 54% 65% 62% 53% 62% 65% 63% 51% 69% 64% 50% 60% 62% 65% 54% 67% 62% 73% 60% 52% 75% 53% 63% 35% 58% 64% 61% 61%
Improved your payment terms with suppliers 88 60 28 20 36 16 15 5 20 21 39 14 32 40 46 13 26 77 11 50 38 24 26 27 15 12 59 5 37 50 81 6 35 53 48 40
46% 46% 45% 45% 65% 35% 34% 38% 52% 40% 46% 42% 46% 47% 52% 27% 57% 50% 28% 47% 44% 41% 55% 57% 60% 55% 43% 39% 54% 41% 45% 52% 39% 51% 45% 47%
Achieved quicker payment times from customers 87 61 26 23 22 25 18 4 17 27 40 16 28 44 42 21 25 74 14 53 35 29 23 26 15 11 59 6 41 46 82 5 35 52 48 39
45% 47% 42% 50% 39% 55% 39% 27% 45% 51% 47% 46% 41% 52% 47% 44% 55% 48% 36% 50% 40% 50% 50% 56% 61% 50% 43% 41% 59% 38% 46% 40% 40% 50% 44% 47%
Reduced bad debts 87 61 26 21 22 25 19 6 19 28 34 14 22 49 47 18 21 79 8 54 32 31 24 27 15 12 58 10 42 45 82 5 42 45 46 41
45% 47% 41% 47% 40% 53% 41% 50% 49% 53% 40% 41% 33% 58% 53% 37% 47% 51% 21% 52% 38% 53% 51% 58% 59% 57% 43% 73% 61% 37% 46% 41% 47% 44% 43% 49%
Got credit from suppliers 82 62 20 26 29 20 7 4 18 27 31 12 26 41 42 14 22 68 13 47 35 26 20 26 15 11 53 8 37 45 78 4 34 48 51 31
43% 48% 32% 57% 53% 43% 16% 30% 47% 51% 37% 36% 37% 48% 48% 30% 49% 44% 36% 44% 41% 45% 43% 56% 58% 53% 39% 60% 53% 37% 44% 30% 39% 46% 48% 36%
Increased overdraft 37 23 15 9 11 11 7 3 11 10 13 8 13 16 19 6 12 31 7 24 13 12 13 10 5 4 26 1 15 22 35 3 16 21 19 18
19% 17% 24% 19% 19% 23% 16% 22% 29% 20% 15% 23% 19% 19% 21% 13% 28% 20% 17% 23% 15% 20% 27% 20% 21% 20% 19% 5% 21% 18% 19% 20% 18% 20% 17% 22%
Sold invoices / factoring 33 24 8 15 5 10 4 2 6 16 9 5 7 21 17 6 9 28 5 20 13 11 9 8 7 2 24 4 11 21 32 1 15 18 17 15
17% 19% 14% 32% 8% 21% 9% 13% 16% 31% 10% 15% 11% 24% 20% 14% 20% 18% 14% 19% 15% 19% 18% 18% 26% 8% 18% 30% 16% 17% 18% 5% 16% 18% 16% 18%
Used government provisions to change payment schemes of taxes 28 22 6 10 5 6 6 4 6 8 8 6 9 12 10 3 11 25 2 15 12 8 8 9 3 6 16 5 11 16 26 1 16 11 19 9
14% 17% 9% 23% 9% 14% 12% 35% 16% 16% 9% 17% 13% 14% 11% 7% 25% 16% 6% 14% 14% 13% 16% 20% 13% 28% 12% 35% 17% 13% 15% 10% 18% 11% 18% 10%
Better management of finance 5 4 1 1 1 1 2 0 1 1 3 0 2 3 3 2 0 3 1 3 1 2 2 1 1 0 4 0 1 4 5 0 3 1 2 2
2% 3% 1% 3% 2% 1% 4% 0% 3% 1% 3% 0% 3% 3% 3% 3% 0% 2% 3% 3% 1% 3% 4% 1% 2% 0% 3% 0% 1% 3% 3% 0% 4% 1% 2% 3%
Personal investment 4 2 1 2 1 1 0 0 1 2 1 1 1 2 1 3 0 2 1 1 2 1 1 1 1 0 3 1 0 4 4 0 2 2 2 1
2% 2% 2% 4% 2% 1% 0% 0% 2% 3% 1% 4% 1% 2% 1% 7% 0% 2% 3% 1% 3% 1% 1% 1% 2% 0% 2% 5% 0% 3% 2% 0% 2% 2% 2% 1%
Reviewed/changed accounting system 3 2 2 0 1 2 1 2 1 0 0 0 1 2 3 0 0 2 1 2 1 1 2 0 0 0 3 0 2 1 3 0 2 2 3 0
2% 1% 2% 0% 1% 3% 2% 18% 2% 0% 0% 0% 1% 3% 4% 0% 0% 1% 2% 2% 1% 1% 3% 0% 0% 0% 2% 0% 4% 1% 2% 0% 2% 1% 3% 0%
Other 20 15 6 2 6 9 4 4 4 6 6 3 3 13 13 1 4 19 2 18 3 8 9 8 4 3 11 3 11 9 20 1 12 8 11 9
11% 11% 9% 4% 11% 19% 9% 28% 10% 11% 7% 9% 5% 15% 15% 2% 10% 12% 4% 17% 3% 14% 20% 16% 17% 15% 8% 21% 16% 7% 11% 6% 14% 8% 10% 11%
None of the above 11 6 5 1 2 2 6 1 1 4 5 2 6 2 2 5 2 6 4 6 5 4 2 1 1 0 10 0 2 9 8 3 6 4 5 6
5% 4% 8% 3% 4% 3% 13% 6% 2% 8% 6% 7% 8% 2% 3% 10% 5% 4% 11% 5% 6% 7% 3% 1% 3% 0% 7% 0% 2% 7% 4% 23% 7% 4% 5% 7%
Don't know 7 4 3 2 2 3 0 0 2 3 2 1 3 3 3 5 0 5 2 3 4 2 1 2 1 1 5 2 3 4 7 0 3 4 3 4
4% 3% 5% 5% 4% 6% 0% 0% 5% 5% 2% 4% 4% 4% 3% 9% 0% 3% 5% 3% 5% 4% 1% 4% 3% 6% 3% 13% 4% 4% 4% 0% 4% 4% 3% 5%
9520 - Understanding Growth in Small Businesses
Table 38
D7. Which of the following are specific challenges associated with regulations? 
Base: Where regulations are an obstacle
Size Sector Age of firm 2 yr employment growth 2 yr turnover growth Plan to grow Significant invest Sought external finance Exporter Innovation Recruit employees Senior mgrs Family owned
Total Oct-19 20-49 ABCDEF GHI JKLMN PQRS 0-4 years 5-10 years 11-20 years Over 20 yrs Increase Same Decrease Increase Same Decrease Yes No Yes No/DK/Ref Yes No/DK/Ref Any Significant Small None Export potential Any None Any None Yes No Yes No
Unweighted Bases 299 150 149 69 109 68 53 21 47 71 153 46 111 129 145 83 54 215 84 182 117 87 95 73 40 33 220 27 113 186 282 17 152 147 175 124
Weighted Bases 305 206 99 65 112 66 60 21 47 71 159 49 112 130 142 86 57 218 87 177 127 83 94 69 37 32 231 24 112 193 284 20 149 156 181 123
Burdensome regulations 220 152 68 49 86 48 38 11 34 47 123 31 86 95 101 63 43 149 71 133 87 62 71 55 30 25 162 16 76 144 206 14 104 116 134 86
72% 74% 69% 75% 77% 72% 62% 54% 73% 65% 77% 64% 76% 73% 71% 73% 75% 69% 82% 75% 69% 75% 75% 80% 82% 77% 70% 66% 68% 75% 72% 71% 70% 74% 74% 70%
The fear that if the business grows it might be subject to more regulations 160 114 46 35 72 28 25 11 27 37 81 27 56 70 75 42 32 113 48 97 63 47 50 38 21 17 121 16 67 94 148 12 68 92 96 64
53% 56% 46% 53% 64% 42% 42% 55% 57% 52% 51% 55% 50% 54% 53% 48% 56% 52% 55% 55% 49% 57% 53% 55% 58% 52% 52% 64% 60% 49% 52% 60% 46% 59% 53% 52%
Regulatory costs are disproportionately greater with growth 140 98 42 32 52 33 24 3 23 35 78 21 58 60 67 39 30 98 42 85 55 38 46 31 18 13 109 7 57 84 133 7 69 71 85 55
46% 48% 43% 49% 46% 49% 39% 15% 50% 49% 49% 43% 51% 46% 47% 45% 52% 45% 48% 48% 44% 46% 49% 45% 48% 41% 47% 29% 51% 43% 47% 34% 47% 46% 47% 45%
Not knowing how to implement specific regulations 115 89 26 31 48 12 24 5 18 26 66 13 48 49 51 32 25 82 33 75 40 31 44 33 19 14 82 10 45 70 106 9 53 62 73 42
38% 43% 26% 47% 43% 19% 39% 22% 38% 37% 42% 28% 43% 38% 36% 37% 43% 38% 38% 42% 32% 37% 46% 48% 52% 43% 35% 39% 40% 36% 37% 45% 35% 40% 40% 34%
Unsure which regulations apply to your business 101 74 27 29 41 16 15 7 14 26 52 13 41 43 43 30 21 76 26 59 43 25 34 28 15 13 73 9 39 62 91 10 47 54 57 44
33% 36% 28% 45% 37% 23% 26% 31% 30% 37% 33% 27% 37% 33% 30% 35% 36% 35% 29% 33% 34% 30% 36% 40% 40% 40% 32% 36% 35% 32% 32% 50% 32% 35% 32% 36%
Constant changing of regulations (incl. keeping updated) 8 5 3 1 0 4 3 2 3 1 2 0 1 6 8 0 0 6 2 8 0 2 6 1 1 1 6 1 6 2 8 0 5 3 3 5
3% 2% 3% 1% 0% 6% 5% 8% 6% 1% 1% 0% 1% 5% 5% 0% 0% 3% 2% 4% 0% 2% 6% 2% 1% 2% 3% 3% 5% 1% 3% 0% 3% 2% 2% 4%
Complexity of regulations 4 4 1 0 4 1 0 0 2 1 1 1 3 1 1 1 2 2 3 4 1 3 1 2 1 1 3 1 3 2 4 0 1 3 1 3
1% 2% 1% 0% 3% 1% 0% 0% 4% 2% 1% 1% 2% 1% 1% 1% 3% 1% 3% 2% *% 3% 1% 3% 1% 4% 1% 5% 2% 1% 2% 0% 1% 2% 1% 3%
Time spent on compliance 4 1 3 2 1 1 1 0 0 1 3 1 1 1 1 1 2 3 1 3 1 2 1 0 0 0 4 0 2 2 4 0 1 3 2 2
1% 1% 3% 3% 1% 1% 1% 0% 0% 2% 2% 2% 1% 1% 1% 1% 3% 1% 1% 2% 1% 2% 1% 0% 0% 0% 2% 0% 2% 1% 1% 0% 1% 2% 1% 2%
Lack of support/advice about regulations 2 1 1 0 1 1 0 0 0 0 2 1 0 1 1 0 1 2 0 2 0 1 1 1 0 1 1 1 2 0 2 0 1 1 2 0
1% 1% 1% 0% 1% 1% 0% 0% 0% 0% 1% 3% 0% *% *% 0% 2% 1% 0% 1% 0% 1% 1% 2% 0% 4% *% 5% 2% 0% 1% 0% *% 1% 1% 0%
Contradictory regulations (global) 2 0 2 1 0 1 0 0 1 0 1 0 1 1 2 0 0 1 1 2 0 1 1 1 1 0 1 0 2 0 2 0 1 1 1 1
1% 0% 2% 1% 0% 2% 0% 0% 2% 0% *% 0% 1% *% 1% 0% 0% *% 1% 1% 0% 1% 1% 2% 3% 0% *% 0% 2% 0% 1% 0% *% 1% *% 1%
Other 10 4 5 1 3 3 2 0 0 3 7 2 4 4 4 4 1 4 6 6 4 3 3 4 2 2 5 3 5 4 10 0 6 3 6 4
3% 2% 6% 2% 2% 5% 4% 0% 0% 4% 4% 3% 3% 3% 3% 4% 2% 2% 6% 3% 3% 3% 3% 6% 7% 6% 2% 13% 5% 2% 3% 0% 4% 2% 3% 3%
None of the above 14 6 8 2 3 3 6 1 2 9 2 4 4 5 7 3 2 13 1 6 7 4 3 1 1 1 12 0 5 9 12 2 8 6 8 5
4% 3% 8% 4% 2% 4% 9% 4% 4% 13% 1% 9% 3% 4% 5% 3% 4% 6% 1% 4% 6% 4% 3% 2% 2% 2% 5% 0% 4% 4% 4% 8% 5% 4% 5% 4%
Don't know 7 4 2 1 3 3 0 1 1 0 5 0 3 4 3 3 1 5 1 5 1 2 3 1 0 1 5 1 4 2 7 0 3 4 4 2
2% 2% 2% 2% 2% 4% 0% 3% 3% 0% 3% 0% 2% 3% 2% 3% 2% 2% 2% 3% 1% 3% 3% 2% 0% 4% 2% 5% 4% 1% 2% 0% 2% 2% 2% 2%
9520 - Understanding Growth in Small Businesses
Table 39
E1. Have you made, or attempted to make, a significant investment related to growing your business in the past 5 years?
Base: All Respondents
Size Sector Age of firm 2 yr employment growth 2 yr turnover growth Plan to grow Significant invest Sought external finance Exporter Innovation Recruit employees Senior mgrs Family owned
Total Oct-19 20-49 ABCDEF GHI JKLMN PQRS 0-4 years 5-10 years 11-20 years Over 20 yrs Increase Same Decrease Increase Same Decrease Yes No Yes No/DK/Ref Yes No/DK/Ref Any Significant Small None Export potential Any None Any None Yes No Yes No
Unweighted Bases 601 279 322 137 190 158 116 43 96 150 298 96 214 261 295 152 113 448 153 340 261 153 187 166 90 76 414 55 222 379 561 40 310 291 322 279
Weighted Bases 601 389 212 124 192 151 134 43 98 147 301 100 217 255 285 160 114 442 159 325 276 146 178 152 78 74 431 50 212 389 558 43 292 309 324 277
Yes 325 195 129 75 114 79 57 30 57 81 153 52 93 158 169 73 61 257 68 325 0 146 178 107 54 53 211 35 145 179 306 19 178 147 196 129
54% 50% 61% 60% 59% 52% 43% 71% 58% 55% 51% 52% 43% 62% 59% 45% 53% 58% 43% 100% 0% 100% 100% 71% 69% 72% 49% 70% 69% 46% 55% 43% 61% 48% 60% 47%
No 257 183 74 46 73 69 69 11 36 63 139 45 116 90 108 81 53 170 87 0 257 0 0 41 23 19 209 14 58 199 234 23 108 149 120 137
43% 47% 35% 38% 38% 46% 51% 25% 36% 43% 46% 45% 53% 35% 38% 51% 47% 39% 55% 0% 93% 0% 0% 27% 29% 25% 49% 27% 28% 51% 42% 54% 37% 48% 37% 49%
Don't know 19 11 9 2 5 3 8 2 5 3 9 3 8 7 8 6 0 15 5 0 19 0 0 4 1 2 11 2 8 12 18 1 6 13 8 11
3% 3% 4% 2% 3% 2% 6% 4% 5% 2% 3% 3% 4% 3% 3% 4% 0% 3% 3% 0% 7% 0% 0% 2% 2% 3% 3% 3% 4% 3% 3% 3% 2% 4% 3% 4%
9520 - Understanding Growth in Small Businesses
Table 40
E2. For which specific reasons were you making the investment?
Base: Where made or tried to make significant investment
Size Sector Age of firm 2 yr employment growth 2 yr turnover growth Plan to grow Significant invest Sought external finance Exporter Innovation Recruit employees Senior mgrs Family owned
Total Oct-19 20-49 ABCDEF GHI JKLMN PQRS 0-4 years 5-10 years 11-20 years Over 20 yrs Increase Same Decrease Increase Same Decrease Yes No Yes Yes No/DK/Ref Any Significant Small None Export potential Any None Any None Yes No Yes No
Unweighted Bases 340 143 197 86 112 87 55 31 60 85 159 49 100 169 185 73 58 274 66 340 153 187 120 64 56 212 37 156 184 323 17 196 144 201 139
Weighted Bases 325 195 129 75 114 79 57 30 57 81 153 52 93 158 169 73 61 257 68 325 146 178 107 54 53 211 35 145 179 306 19 178 147 196 129
New premises/refurbish existing premises 98 57 41 11 49 14 24 7 21 26 42 10 25 54 54 23 11 74 24 98 53 45 25 11 15 69 11 36 62 93 5 51 47 60 38
30% 29% 32% 15% 43% 18% 41% 24% 36% 32% 27% 19% 27% 34% 32% 32% 18% 29% 36% 30% 36% 25% 23% 19% 28% 33% 30% 24% 35% 30% 25% 29% 32% 31% 29%
To purchase an asset (e.g. equipment) 72 44 28 29 24 12 7 1 10 16 45 10 21 40 42 15 13 50 22 72 33 38 28 13 15 42 7 28 43 68 4 37 35 50 21
22% 22% 22% 38% 21% 15% 11% 2% 18% 19% 29% 20% 22% 25% 25% 21% 21% 19% 32% 22% 23% 21% 26%