The cost of air pollution tool quantifies the potential costs to the NHS and social care due to the health impacts of particulate matter (PM2.5) and nitrogen dioxide (NO2) in England and separately for each local authority.
The tool has the ability to test different ‘what if’ scenarios for the reduction of air pollution, such as a given reduction in the levels of air pollution on the future impact of health and related cost. This scenario allows the user to assess the impact on health and related costs if air pollution for a given percentage of people who are exposed to high and medium levels of air pollution is shifted to low levels of air pollution. The outputs include the number of disease prevalence cases and costs avoided due to a given scenario relative to a baseline (‘no change’) scenario.
The accompanying report describes the methodology and data used in the analyses and provides results for England and 2 local authorities, namely Lambeth (inner city London) and South Lakeland (Cumbria), to represent 2 extremes in air pollutant concentrations.