This paper examines the efforts towards DDR in Afghanistan and the widening gap between programme goals and the reality on the ground. It examines the experiences of targeted and non-targeted approaches and identifies a lack of prior planning and adequate assessment of the social and economic situation in Afghanistan as contributory factors to failures in successful delivery of DDR. It also considers the impact of some international actors' failure to engage fully with the process.
Rossi, S.; Giustozzi, A. Working Paper No. 2. Disarmament, Demobilisation and Reintegration of ex-combatants (DDR) in Afghanistan: constraints and limited capabilities. (2006) 26 pp.