Well-being is increasingly used as a criterion to measure development
outcomes, in the light of the now established critique of income as a
satisfactory measure (UNDP, 1990). The aim of the key development policy
document in Nigeria, Nigerian Vision 20:2020, is to improve the
well-being of Nigerians.
However, as well-being is an emerging and contested concept, this report
explores how the well-being of urban citizens is understood specifically
in Nigeria, and identifies the key issues for urban well-being as
expressed by a selection of key stakeholders in Nigerian society. This
is an important task in the Nigerian context, which is characterised by
impressive and sustained growth rates juxtaposed alongside increasing
rates of both income poverty and subjective poverty.
This study analyses the discourses and views of 45 urban stakeholders
strategically positioned at different levels of Nigerian society, as
well as existing literature and documents.
Based on White’s (2010) framework for the analysis of well-being and
contemporary conceptualisations of citizenship, the analysis reveals
three main trends affecting urban well-being: (i) rapid demographic
changes that make it difficult for government to respond with adequate
planning and interventions; (ii) a number of governance issues,
particularly regarding power distribution, lack of city-level governance
and the role of the state; (iii) the existence of stratified citizenship
characterised by unequal access to services and rights based on
socio-spatial discrimination and notions of indigeneity.
Rigon, A.; Abah, S.; Dangoji, S.; Walker, J; Frediani, A.A.; Ogunleye, O.; Hirst, L. Well-being and citizenship in urban Nigeria. Urbanisation Research Nigeria (URN) Research Report. ICF International, London, UK (2015) v + 55 pp.
Well-being and citizenship in urban Nigeria. Urbanisation Research Nigeria (URN) Research Report.