This paper describes the results of research carried out on urban transport services in Uganda. To understand the transport market and its operations, bus surveys and interviews were carried out with the main stakeholders in the capital city and two rural towns.
The paper identifies the major problems faced by transport operators and analyses their impact on vehicle operating costs. It also examines transport regulations and the current organisation of transport services and their impact on vehicle utilisation. The key areas highlighted for concern include anti-competitive practise by the associations that control service provision and absence of transport planning and regulation.
Finally, recommendations to improve vehicle operations are made. These range from long term policy, institutional reforms (including legislative changes, vehicle import regulation, and setting up of a transport regulator body and Private Public Partnership arrangements) to shorter term initiatives addressing issues such as vehicle financing, driver training and safety.
This paper was presented at the TRB 81st annual meeting, Washington, January 2002.
Benmaamar, M.; Ellis, S.; Dunkerley, C. Urban transport services in Sub-Saharan Africa: Recommendations for reform in Uganda (1). (2001)