This policy brief discusses the following key points:
- Panel (longitudinal) data is central to obtaining a better understanding of poverty dynamics and the persistence of poverty, and in informing the effective design, targeting, and implementation of anti-poverty policies.
- Panel data provide insights into the effects of economic and anti-poverty policies, and political changes on individuals, households, and groups over time. It can thereby enable the monitoring and robust evaluation of policy.
- Panel data can help policy makers identify the policies which facilitate escapes from poverty.
- Panel data can deepen our understanding of vulnerability and risk, and of the multidimensionality and inter-generational transmission of poverty.
- One of the frontiers of poverty research is how to make analysis of the dynamics of poverty and well-being more multi-dimensional. Integrating and sequencing life history and other qualitative methods within quantitative panel surveys provides a promising way to do this.
Chronic Poverty Research Centre, London, UK. CPRC Policy Brief 23, 6 pp.