Generally the vast majority of poor households in developing countries
live in the rural areas and heavily rely on agriculture and agricultural
assets for their livelihoods. Vietnam gives evidence of the same
patterns whereby 90 percent of the poor live in rural areas and more
than 80 percent of the households are involved in the agricultural
The analysis presented in this paper focuses specifically on the link
between poverty and livestock in Vietnam with the aim of evaluating how
livestock contributes to household income and the role livestock plays
for poor households. In this context, better understanding the link
between livestock and the poor will allow more specific targeting of
this group of the population through policies that promote livestock,
with the final aim of improving their living standards and identifying a
possible route out of poverty.
A household typology approach and some econometric analysis are used to
gain a better understanding of income profiles and households'
livelihood structures. Results of the analysis illustrate the
contribution of livestock ownership to household income and how income
levels vary across a spectrum based on market integration and reliance
on agriculture. Livestock ownership, production efficiency, market
integration and income diversification are found to be important factors
in income level differences. Policy propositions are provided.
A three page executive summary is also available in addition to this
PPLPI, FAO, Rome, Italy, vi+35pp.