This report provides case studies of Early Warning Systems (EWSs) and risk assessments encompassing three main hazard types: drought; flood and cyclone. The case studies are taken from ten countries across three continents (focusing on Africa, South Asia and the Caribbean).
The case studies have been developed to assist the UK Department for International Development (DFID) to prioritise areas for Early Warning System (EWS) related research under their ‘Science for Humanitarian Emergencies and Resilience’ (SHEAR) programme.
The aim of these case studies is to ensure that DFID SHEAR research is informed by the views of Non-Governmental Organisations (NGOs) and communities engaged with Early Warning Systems and risk assessments (including community-based Early Warning Systems).
The case studies highlight a number of challenges facing Early Warning Systems (EWSs). These challenges relate to financing; integration; responsibilities; community interpretation; politics; dissemination; accuracy; capacity and focus.
The case studies summarise a number of priority areas for EWS related research:
- Priority 1: Contextualising and localising early warning information
- Priority 2: Climate proofing current EWSs
- Priority 3: How best to sustain effective EWSs between hazard events?
- Priority 4: Optimising the dissemination of risk and warning information
- Priority 5: Governance and financing of EWSs
- Priority 6: How to support EWSs under challenging circumstances
- Priority 7: Improving EWSs through monitoring and evaluating the impact and effectiveness of those systems.
This report has been produced by HR Wallingford Ltd for Evidence on Demand with the assistance of the UK Department for International Development (DFID) contracted through the Climate, Environment, Infrastructure and Livelihoods Professional Evidence and Applied Knowledge Services (CEIL PEAKS) programme, jointly managed by HTSPE Limited and IMC Worldwide Limited.
Brown, S. Science for Humanitarian Emergencies and Resilience (SHEAR) scoping study: Annex 3 - Early warning system and risk assessment case studies. Evidence on Demand, UK (2013) 53 pp. [DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.12774/eod_cr.june2014.brown]