The commercialisation of Improved Cook Stoves (ICS) in Sri Lanka and specifically that of the widely used Anagi stove, was the outcome of a series of projects over three decades roughly separated into four phases: Design and Testing (1972-1983), Promotion and Dissemination (1985-1990), Commercialisation (1987-1996) and Diversification and reaching the poor (1996-2005). These were led by a series of governmental and non-governmental organizations each motivated by different but ultimately complementary objectives. Today there is sustained capacity for the annual production of 300,000 stoves nationwide and over 3 million stoves in use. There is much to learn from the commercialisation of Anagi stoves including the importance of programme continuity through different phases of the sector, combining international experience with local ownership, involvement of both GOs and NGOs in development phases transitioning to a private-sector final delivery model, user-responsive product design, and responding to the challenges of targeting both the formal and informal sectors.
PISCES Working Paper, December 2009, 9 pp.