In this paper we briefly revisit some of the prior research by the authors with regard to the identification of states and regions that suffer high income poverty and multidimensional deprivation and methods of computing indices. We then extend the analysis by using multidimensional indicators to analyse spatial variations in development outcomes for 379 districts in 15 states of India and then to 175 talukas (subdistricts) in the state of Karnataka. The paper tries to:
- identify areas in chronic poverty at the district level by using multidimensional indicators that could reflect persistent deprivation, such as illiteracy, infant mortality, low levels of agricultural productivity and poor infrastructure.
- operationalise multidimensional concepts and methods at the district and below level
- identify patterns of development that can input into policy.
Section 2 identifies the states and regions of India that have experienced greater incidence of long duration or persistent poverty, severe poverty and multidimensional deprivation. Section 3 tries to identify the most deprived districts based on indices of multidimensional poverty using traditionally applied methods and compares the results with alternate more robust methods. Section 4 extends the analysis to the sub district level or Taluka level for the state of Karnataka. Section 5 stresses the importance for planners to decipher \"patterns\" of development and uses the Kohonen Self-Organizing Map, an artificial intelligence algorithm to do this. We then identify priority areas for state and civil society action and conclude the paper.
Operationalising Multidimensional Concepts of Chronic Poverty: An ExploratorySpatial Analysis, CPRC-IIPA Working Paper No. 18, Chronic Poverty Research Centre (CPRC), Manchester, UK, 31 pp. [This paper has been published as a chapter in the book entitled Chronic Poverty and Development Policy in India, edited by Aasha Kapur Mehta and Andrew Shepherd, Sage Publicatiions, India, 2006, ISBN 0-7619-3464-2, 408 pp.]