Of 22 countries having data on MPI poverty over time, 18 reduced MPI significantly, and most reduced multidimensional poverty faster than income poverty.
Reductions in the intensity of MPI poverty were strongest in relatively poorer countries such as Ethiopia, Malawi and Senegal, showing the vital importance of using MPI, not just the percentage of poor people (H), in order to document and celebrate the progress in the poorest countries.
If the current pace of poverty reduction continues to the end, then half of the countries would eradicate MPI poverty within 20 years, 18 of the 22 within 41 years, and the remaining four countries within 95 years.
The authors’ analysis finds that low income countries facing a myriad of development challenges can reduce MPI powerfully. Progress is possible – even with imperfect institutions.
Alkire, S.; Roche, J. How Multidimensional Povery Went Down: Dymanics and Comparisons. (2013) 8 pp.