This paper examines the relation between government and poverty in Tanzania through the medium of participation. Participatory approaches are institutionalised as the way in which communities are brought into relations with the state and with national policies such as the reduction of poverty. Participatory approaches are not necessarily effective as a means of planning for development outcomes at local level, nor as a means through which communities can be made responsible for development in practice. Institutions through which participation is organised are popular with rural dwellers because they provide a space for the performance of village citizenship. They perform important work representationally in constituting the local as an object of development and local persons as afflicted by and responsible for poverty.
CPRC Working Paper No. 145, Chronic Poverty Research Centre, London, UK, ISBN: 978-1-906433-47-5, 30 pp.