In many parts of the world the relationship between ecosystems and livelihoods is changing in fundamental but poorly understood ways as economic systems diversify across the urban-rural spectrum creating what are called mixed-economic “desakota” systems. Understanding these changes and their implications for vulnerable populations, particularly the poor, is essential to inform policy and action at all levels. This report discusses the desakota concept, considers relationships between ecosystems and poverty for desakota systems, and lists critical research gaps and priorities. Supplementing the report are a number of documents produced in electronic format: these are added to the ESPA project record on R4D as separate outputs.
Institute for Social and Environmental Transition-Nepal (ISET-N), Kathmandu, Nepal. ISBN: 978-9937-8019-1-1, 125 pp.