Despite decades of research and control programmes tsetse continues to
be a problem throughout much of Sub-Saharan Africa, adversely affecting
human health and livestock production, and thus constraining the
livelihood strategies available to millions of people. Although some
gains have been made, it has become clear that conventional large-scale
strategies are not sustainable in the long term due to their high cost.
They are not even viable in the short term due to the financial
constraints under which most African governments now operate. Bait
technologies are proving increasingly popular due to their cost
effectiveness, technical efficiency and low environmental impact. Since
bait technologies are logistically suitable for local populations,
donors and national governments are looking upon programmes with
community participation and especially cost-sharing programmes as the
ideal solution to the problem of sustaining tsetse control activities.
Although a commitment has been made to community participation, little
has been done to examine the circumstances within which this approach is
likely to be effective or the level and type of participation which may
This research aimed to contribute to the development of a strategy to
support this commitment to community involvement by developing
guidelines for future programmes. It is based on an analysis of
documented information on community-based control programmes and a
situational assessment of seven programmes within which there has been
some local involvement in Kenya, Uganda and Zambia. In addition, short
visits were made to Zimbabwe (Zambezi Valley) and Botswana (Okavango) to
discuss changes within their own control strategies.
Barrett, K.; Okali, C. Community participation in the management of Tsetse: a comparative assessment of impact and sustainability. Final technical report. (1998) 90 pp.