This paper reviews existing evidence on chronic and transient poverty
based on quantitative studies. A first issue is to consider available
evidence on the relative importance of these two forms of poverty. But
it is also important to the characteristics of those affected by each
type of poverty, to give some indication as to likely underlying
factors. This can also be supplemented by information on the factors
associated with poverty transitions, that is movements into and out of
poverty (which may help in understanding why the chronic poor do not
make these transitions). All this can help inform appropriate responses
to chronic and transient poverty.
The next section addresses the issue of defining chronic and transient
poverty, setting out the various difficulties that arise in practice and
discussing data sources. Analysis of chronic and transient poverty is
generally based on longitudinal or panel data sets; section 3 reviews
evidence from a number of countries on the extent and nature of chronic
and transient poverty based on such data sets, as well as the factors
associated with transitions. Section 4 discusses the options for
assessing the extent and nature of chronic poverty in situations where
standard longitudinal data sets are not available. Section 5 concludes
with the identification of priorities for future research.
Chronic Poverty: A Review ofCurrent Quantitative Evidence, CPRC Working Paper No. 15, Chronic Poverty Research Centre (CPRC), Manchester, UK, ISBN 1-904049-14-1, 28 pp.
Chronic Poverty: A Review of Current Quantitative Evidence, CPRC Working Paper No. 15