The purpose of this study was to analyze aspects of obstetric urogenital fistulae to provide a foundation for implementation of a national control programme in Burkina Faso. A cross-sectional study with quantitative and qualitative components was carried out in 47 hospitals in January 2004. The quantitative component consisted of analyzing available data for 2001, 2002 and 2003. The qualitative component consisted of interviewing women with fistulae to evaluate the impact of the disease on the quality of life and persons in charge of the health reference centers to identify the difficulties and needs of the facility. In the 3-year study period, 1,500,000 deliveries were attended and 347 fistulae were identified in the health reference centers. The incidence rate of obstetric fistulae was 23.1 per 100 000 deliveries (CI 95% 20.8-25.7). Women with fistulae were young and usually without paid employment. Many had a history of dystocia during the labour. Most fistulae were recent, small or average in size and located at the level of the vesico-vaginal septum. The failure rate of surgical treatment was about 17.5%. Four of the 12 women interviewed reported social alienation and ostrasization. Only 4 of the 47 hospitals studied had personnel qualified to manage women with urogenital fistula on a daily basis. One NGO assisted women in obtaining care. Proposals for improvement of the situation were considered at a national validation workshop. These findings support the need to implement a national programme that should be evaluated to see lessons learned from this study.
Sombie, I.; Kambou, T.; Conombo, S.D.; Sankara, O.; Ouedraogo, L.; Zoungrana, T.; Hounton, S.; Meda, N. Bilan retrospectif des fistules urogénitales obstétricales de 2001 à 2003 au Burkina Faso. Medecine Tropicale (2007) 67 (1) 48-52.