This report offers an overview of the literature on gender, peacebuilding and statebuilding. It is part of a broader study commissioned by the UK Department for International Development (DFID) to review existing evidence, and to develop a practice-oriented analytical framework to guide the more effective integration of a gender perspective into peacebuilding and statebuilding efforts and programmes. The report presents the findings from the first phase of the study, (i) to assess the evidence on gender-sensitive approaches to peacebuilding and statebuilding in order to achieve gender equality outcomes in fragile and conflict-affected situations (FCAS) and on how such approaches add value to peacebuilding and statebuilding processes; and (ii) to identify knowledge gaps.
The report comprises five main sections. Section 1 provides an overview of the extent to which the general international policy and academic literature on peacebuilding and statebuilding incorporates gender issues and develops gender-sensitive approaches. Section 2 examines the literature on the experiences of women in FCAS. It looks specifically at gender inequality, discrimination, changing gender roles and responsibilities and gender-based violence (GBV). Section 3 reviews the evidence on women’s political settlements and political voice in peacebuilding and statebuilding processes, examining peace agreements and first post-conflict constitutions; post-conflict governance, focusing on first elections and political participation; and transitional justice. Section 4 reviews the literature on gender-responsive support to the building of core state functions and services and responsive state action, focusing on justice and security, basic service delivery and women’s economic empowerment. Section 5 provides analytical conclusions and a summary of key gaps in the literature and recommends areas for further research.
Domingo, P.; Holmes, R.; Rocha Menocal, A.; Jones, N.; Bhuvanendra, D.; Wood, J. Assessment of the evidence of links between gender equality, peacebuilding and statebuilding. Literature review. ODI, London, UK (2013) vii + 76 pp. [ODI Report, December 2013]