A rapid, efficient, routine system has been established for Agrobacterium tumefaciens-mediated production of hundreds of fertile transgenic plants from commercially important rice cultivars, including an indica cultivar, Pusa Basmati 1. Calli induced from embryos of mature rice seeds were cocultivated withA. tumefaciens strain LBA4404 carrying the plasmid pTOK233, then exposed to hygromycin selection followed by an efficient regeneration system. Based on the total number of calli co-cultivated, the transformation frequencies of independent transgenic rice plants including cultivars Pusa Basmati 1, E-yi 105, E-wan 5 and Zhong-shu-wan-geng, were 13.5, 13.0, 9.1, and 9.3%, respectively. T1 seeds were harvested within 7–8 mo of initiation of mature embryo cultures. Data from Southern hybridization analysis proved that foreign genes on T-DNA were stably integrated into the rice genome at low copy/site numbers. Mendelian inheritance of the transgenes was confirmed in T1 progeny.
Zhang, J.; Xu RuiJi; Elliott, M.C.; Chen DongFang. Agrobacterium-mediated transformation of élite indica and japonica rice cultivars. Molecular Biotechnology (1997) 8 (3) 223-231. [DOI: 10.1007/BF02760776]